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三哩島核電廠

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Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station

The Three Mile Island NPP on Three Mile Island, circa 1979
三哩島核電廠在賓夕法尼亞州的位置
三哩島核電廠
Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station的位置
位置 賓夕法尼亞州哈里斯堡薩斯奎漢納河三哩島
坐標 坐标40°9′14″N 76°43′29″W / 40.15389°N 76.72472°W / 40.15389; -76.72472
狀態 Unit 1: Operational
Unit 2: Decommissioned
開始建設 1968–1970
開始營運 September 2, 1974
執照期限 April 19, 2034
經營者 Exelon Nuclear
設計者 Unit 1: Gilbert Associates
Unit 2: Burns and Roe
建造者 United Engineers and Constructors
反應爐資訊
反應爐型式 壓水反應爐
反應爐供應商 Babcock & Wilcox
發電資訊
裝機容量 852 MW
年發電量 6,645 GWh
網站
Three Mile Island

三哩島核電廠(Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station)是美國核電廠,位於賓夕法尼亞州哈里斯堡南面薩斯奎漢納河三哩島(NPP)。它具有兩個獨立的反應爐,被稱為TMI-1和TMI-2。1979年3月28日,二號反應爐遭遇了部分熔毀,被稱為三哩島事件。根據美國核管理委員會,事故沒有導致人員死亡或受傷[1] 。後續流行病學研究也未發現癌症病例[2][3][4][5]。二號反應爐已經被刪除,但三哩島核電廠尚未退役[6]


註釋[编辑]

參考[编辑]

  1. ^ Fact Sheet on the Three Mile Island Accident. US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. [2008-12-18]. 
  2. ^ Maureen C. Hatch et al. Cancer near the Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant: Radiation Emissions. American Journal of Epidemiology (Oxford Journals). 1990, 132 (3): 397–412. PMID 2389745. 
  3. ^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18300710 RJ Levin (2008), "Incidence of thyroid cancer in residents surrounding the three mile island nuclear facility", Laryngoscope 118 (4), pp. 618-628 "Thyroid cancer incidence has not increased in Dauphin County, the county in which TMI is located. York County demonstrated a trend toward increasing thyroid cancer incidence beginning in 1995, approximately 15 years after the TMI accident. Lancaster County showed a significant increase in thyroid cancer incidence beginning in 1990. These findings, however, do not provide a causal link to the TMI accident."
  4. ^ Hatch MC, Wallenstein S, Beyea J, Nieves JW, Susser M. Cancer rates after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident and proximity of residence to the plant. American Journal of Public Health. June 1991, 81 (6): 719–724. doi:10.2105/AJPH.81.6.719. PMC 1405170. PMID 2029040. 
  5. ^ http://www.uvm.edu/~vlrs/Energy/NuclearPower.pdf
  6. ^ Accident at Three Mile Island. Policy Almanac. [2008-12-18].