中介語

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中介語(Interlanguage)是指第二語言學習者(ESL)或外國語言學習者(EFL)在語言學習過程中所產生之語言。根據先前的研究報告指出一般第二語言學習在學習過程中常會遇到有關第二語言語法或是語用規則的困難,即使是高程度的學習者、居住在第二語言國家的非母語使用者(Non-native speaker,NNS),甚至是非母語之外語教師(NNS EFL teacher)亦是如此。

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Fasold, R., & Preston, D. (2007). The psycholinguistic unity of inherent variability: Old Occam whips out his razor. In R. Bayley & C. Lucas (Eds.), Sociolinguistic Variation: Theory, methods, and applications (pp. 45–69). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lightbown, P. (1983). Exploring relationships between developmental and instructional sequences in L2 acquisition. In H. Seliger and M. H. Long (Eds.), Classroom Oriented Research in Second Language Acquisition (pp. 217–243). Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
  • Rampton, B. (1995). Crossing: Language and Ethnicity Among Adolescents. London: Longman.
  • Lin, G. H. C. (2013) Strategic Application from Perspectives of Psycholinguistics [works.bepress.com],National Formosa University,The 30th International Conference on English Teaching and Learning.
  • Selinker, L. (1972), Interlanguage. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 10, 209–241.
  • Selinker, L., & Douglas, D. (1985). Wrestling with 'context' in interlanguage theory. Applied Linguistics, 6, 190–204.
  • Tarone, E. (1979). Interlanguage as chameleon. Language Learning 29(1), 181–191.
  • Tarone, E., & Liu, G.-q. (1995). Situational context, variation and second-language acquisition theory. In G. Cook & B. Seidlhofer (Eds.), Principles and Practice in the Study of Language and Learning: A Festschrift for H.G. Widdowson (pp. 107–124). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tarone, Elaine. Interlanguage. (编) Brown, Keith. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Boston: Elsevier. 747–751. 2006. ISBN 978-0-08-044361-4. 
  • Tarone, E. (2009). A sociolinguistic perspective on interaction in SLA, in A. Mackey & C. Polio (Eds.), Multiple Perspectives on Interaction: Second language research in honor of Susan M. Gass. (pp. 41–56). New York: Routledge.
  • Tarone, E., Bigelow, M. & Hansen, K. (2009). Literacy and Second Language Oracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.[1]

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Chambers, J.K. (1995), Sociolinguistic Theory, Oxford, England: Blackwell; p249-251.
  • J. C. Richards, Error Analysis: Perspectives on Second Language Acquisition, Longman Press, 1974, pp. 34-36.
  • Tarone, E. (2001), Interlanguage. In R. Mesthrie (Ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Sociolinguistics. (pp. 475-481) Oxford: Elsevier Science.

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