在1697年，一本有关他的传记出现在巴泰勒米·德埃贝洛的《东方学目录》中，这是伊本·赫勒敦首次引起西方世界的关注。1806年，西尔韦斯特·德·萨西（英语：Silvestre de Sacy）在他的《阿拉伯文選》中包含了伊本·赫勒敦的专辑以及《Muqaddimah》的节选翻译（列为《神学绪论》），这让他开始获得更多关注。1816年，德·萨西再次发表了一篇内容更为详尽的传记。有关《神学绪论》的更多细节和节选翻译在之后数年不断出现，直到1858年，阿拉伯文版本全书出版，几年后，德·萨西出版了完整的法文翻译版。从那以后，西方世界带着特殊的兴趣开始了对伊本·赫勒敦的大量研究。
"This grand scheme to find a new science of society makes him the forerunner of many of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries system-builders such as Vico, Comte and Marx." "As one of the early founders of the social sciences...".
"Ibn Khaldun is the forerunner of many economists, he is an accident of history and has had no consequence on the evolution of economic thought...His name should figure among the fathers of economic science".（Boulakia 1971）
"He is considered by some as a father of modern economics, or at least a major forerunner. The Western world recognizes Khaldun as the father of sociology but hesitates in recognizing him as a great economist who laid its very foundations. He was the first to systematically analyze the functioning of an economy, the importance of technology, specialization and foreign trade in economic surplus and the role of government and its stabilization policies to increase output and employment. Moreover, he dealt with the problem of optimum taxation, minimum government services, incentives, institutional framework, law and order, expectations, production, and the theory of value".Cosma, Sorinel (2009). "Ibn Khaldun's Economic Thinking". Ovidius University Annals of Economics (Ovidius University Press) XIV:52–57
^Joseph J. Spengler (1964). "Economic Thought of Islam: Ibn Khaldun", Comparative Studies in Society and History, 6(3), pp. 268-306.
Jean David C. Boulakia (1971). "Ibn Khaldûn: A Fourteenth-Century Economist", Journal of Political Economy, 79(5), pp. 1105-1118.
^Published by Muħammad ibn-Tāwīt at-Tanjī, Cairo 1951