克里斯托弗·馬洛

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克里斯托弗·馬洛
Christopher Marlowe

劍橋大學基督聖體學院的一幅畫,繪者不詳,畫中人相信是馬洛
出生 1564年2月26日領洗
英格蘭坎特伯雷
逝世 1593年5月30日 (29歲)
英格蘭特福Deptford
職業 劇作家、詩人
國籍 英格蘭
母校 劍橋大學基督聖體學院
創作時期 約1586年–93年
文學運動 英格蘭文藝復興戲劇
施影响于 威廉·莎士比亞

簽名

克里斯托弗·馬洛英语Christopher Marlowe[1],1564年-1593年5月30日),英國伊莉莎白年代劇作家、詩人及翻譯家,為莎士比亞的同代人物。馬洛以寫作無韻詩(blank verse)及悲劇聞名,亦有學者認為他在生時比莎士比亞更出名[2]

1593年5月18日,英國政府下令通緝馬洛,但卻並沒有列出任何理由。同月20日,馬洛於被帶到英國樞密院前接受審訊,其後需要每天向他們報到。10天後,馬洛與Ingram Frizer等人爭執期間,被Ingram Frizer用匕首刺死。到了現在,仍沒有人知道他的死與樞密院的審問有沒有關連。[3]

生平[编辑]

早年[编辑]

馬羅在英格蘭東南部的坎特伯雷出生,父親John Marlowe為造鞋匠,母親名Catherine。[4]馬羅的出生日期不詳,但因為當時嬰兒在出生後必須受洗,而馬羅的領洗日期為1564年2月26日,所以假定他於1564年2月中出生。

馬羅中學畢業於坎特伯雷國王學校(The King's School, Canterbury),其後拿獎學金進入劍橋大學基督聖體學院就讀,於1584年畢業[5]

著作[编辑]

以下日期並不能作準,只能作參考。

戲劇[编辑]

The play Lust's Dominion was attributed to Marlowe upon its initial publication in 1657, though scholars and critics have almost unanimously rejected the attribution.

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注釋[编辑]

  1. ^ "Christopher Marlowe was baptised as 'Marlow,' but he spelled his name 'Marley' in his one known surviving signature." David Kathman. "The Spelling and Pronunciation of Shakespeare's Name: Pronunciation."
  2. ^ Robert A. Logan, Shakespeare's Marlowe (2007) p.4. "During Marlowe's lifetime, the popularity of his plays, Robert Greene's...remarks...including the designation "famous," and the many imitations of Tamburlaine suggest that he was for a brief time considered England's foremost dramatist."
  3. ^ Nicholl, Charles (2006). "By my onely meanes sett downe: The Texts of Marlow's Atheism", in Kozuka, Takashi and Mulryne, J.R. Shakespeare, Marlowe, Jonson: new directions in biography. Ashgate Publishing, p. 153.
  4. ^ This is commemorated by the name of the town's main theatre, the Marlowe Theatre, and by the town museums. However, St. George's was gutted by fire in the Baedeker raids and was demolished in the post-war period - only the tower is left, at the south end of Canterbury's High Street http://www.digiserve.com/peter/cant-sgm1.htm
  5. ^ Marlowe, Christopher in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Brooke, C.F. Tucker. The Life of Marlowe and "The Tragedy of Dido, Queen of Carthage." London: Methuen, 1930. (pp. 107, 114, 99, 98)
  • Bevington, David and Eric Rasmussen, Doctor Faustus and Other Plays, OUP, 1998; ISBN 0-19-283445-2
  • Burgess, Anthony, A Dead Man in Deptford, Carroll & Graf, 2003. (novel about Marlowe based on the version of events in The Reckoning) ISBN 0-7867-1152-3
  • Marlow, Christopher. Complete Works. Vol. 3: Edward II. Ed. R. Rowland. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994. (pp. xxii-xxiii)
  • Downie, J. A. and J. T. Parnell, eds., Constructing Christopher Marlowe, Cambridge 2000. ISBN 0-521-57255-X
  • Honan, Park. Christopher Marlowe Poet and Spy Oxford University Press, 2005 ISBN 0-19-818695-9
  • Kuriyama, Constance. Christopher Marlowe: A Renaissance Life. Cornell University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8014-3978-7
  • Logan, Robert A. Shakespeare's Marlowe: The Influence of Christopher Marlowe on Shakespeare's Artistry. Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate, 2007. ISBN 978-7546-5763-7
  • Nicholl, Charles. The Reckoning: The Murder of Christopher Marlowe, Vintage, 2002 (revised edition) ISBN 0-09-943747-3
  • Parker, John. The Aesthetics of Antichrist: From Christian Drama to Christopher Marlowe. Cornell University Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8014-4519-4
  • Riggs, David. "The World of Christopher Marlowe", Henry Holt and Co., 2005 ISBN 0-8050-8036-8
  • Shepard, Alan. "Marlowe's Soldiers: Rhetorics of Masculinity in the Age of the Armada", Ashgate, 2002. ISBN 0-7546-0229-X
  • Trow, M. J. Who Killed Kit Marlowe?, Sutton, 2002; ISBN 0-7509-2963-4
  • Ule, Louis. Christopher Marlowe (1564–1607): A Biography, Carlton Press, 1996. ISBN 0-8062-5028-3
  • Welsh, Louise. "Tamburlaine Must Die", novella based on the build up to Marlowe's death.
  • Wraight, A.D. and Virginia F. Stern, In Search of Christopher Marlowe: A Pictorial Biography, Macdonald, London 1965

外部連結[编辑]