冥界神

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冥界神英语Di inferi[1]古罗马神话职司冥府与亡灵的神祇总称。[2]因其特别之司属而为古罗马人所敬畏,[3]在古罗马长期得到牺牲供奉,[4]并以此衍生出相关之禁忌以及避讳,[5] 具有重要地影响与积极意义。

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Adkins,Lesley Adkins,Roy A.(1998).Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome.Oxford University Press,USA.ISBN:9780195123326.
  2. ^ Varro, De lingua latina 6.13.
  3. ^ Robert Schilling, "The Manes," Roman and European Mythologies (University of Chicago Press, 1992, from the French edition of 1981), p. 133.
  4. ^ John Scheid, "Sacrifices for Gods and Ancestors," in A Companion to Roman Religion (Blackwell, 2007), p. 271.
  5. ^ Macrobius, Saturnalia 3.20, citing the lost work De Ostentario Arborario by Tarquitius Priscus: Arbores quae inferum deorum avertentiumque in tutela sunt, eas infelices nominant: alternum sanguinem filicem, ficum atram, quaeque bacam nigram nigrosque fructus ferunt, itemque acrifolium, pirum silvaticum, pruscum rubum sentesque quibus portenta prodigiaque mala comburi iubere oportet. Modern English identifications by Robert A. Kaster in his translation of the Saturnalia for the Loeb Classical Library.