冷杉属

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冷杉属
Abies koreana (szyszki).JPG
科學分類
界: 植物界
門: 松柏门
綱: 松柏纲
目: 松柏目
科: 松科
屬: 冷杉属
米勒

冷杉属拉丁语Abies)又稱為松科下的一个属。

物种[编辑]

Section Grandis (western North America to Mexico and Guatemala, lowlands in north, moderate altitudes in south)

  • Abies grandis 巨冷杉
    • Abies grandis var. idahoensis - Interior Grand Fir or Giant Fir
  • Abies concolor 白冷杉(科羅拉多白冷杉)
  • Abies durangensis - Durango Fir
    • Abies durangensis var. coahuilensis - Coahuila Fir
  • Abies flinckii - Jalisco Fir
  • Abies guatemalensis瓜地馬拉冷杉

Section Abies (central, south & east Europe, Asia Minor)

  • Abies nebrodensis西西里冷杉
  • Abies alba銀冷杉(歐洲白冷杉)
  • Abies borisii-regis - Bulgarian Fir
  • Abies cephalonica希臘冷杉
  • Abies nordmanniana高加索冷杉
    • Abies nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani - Kazdağı Fir, Turkish Fir
    • Abies nordmanniana subsp. bornmülleriana - Uludağ Fir
  • Abies pinsapo 西班牙冷杉
    • Abies pinsapo var. marocana - Moroccan Fir
  • Abies numidica - Algerian Fir

Section Momi (east & central Asia, Himalaya, generally at low to moderate altitudes)

  • Section Amabilis (Pacific coast mountains, North America and Japan, in high rainfall mountains)
  • Abies amabilis - Pacific Silver Fir 太平洋冷杉
  • Abies mariesii大白时冷杉

Section Pseudopicea (Sino-Himalayan mountains, at high altitude)

  • Section Oiamel (Central Mexico, at high altitude)
  • Abies religiosa - Sacred Fir
  • Abies hickelii - Hickel's Fir
    • Abies hickelii var. oaxacana - Oaxaca Fir
  • Section Nobilis (western U.S., high altitudes)
  • Abies procera壮丽冷杉
  • Abies magnifica紅果冷杉(加州紅冷杉)
    • Abies magnifica var. shastensis - Shasta Red Fir
  • Section incertae sedis
  • Abies milleri - (Extinct) Early Eocene[1]

分布[编辑]

分布於2,500~3,500的高山上。