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利库德党

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利库德集团
הליכוד
主席 本雅明·内塔尼亚胡
创始人 梅纳赫姆·贝京伊扎克·沙米尔
成立 1973年(联盟)
1988年(单一政党)
总部 以色列特拉维夫
乔治国王街38号
Metzudat Ze'ev
党员
(2012年)
125,000
意识形态 民族自由主义[1][2][3][4]
自由保守主义[5]
修正锡安主义英语Revisionist Zionism(历史)[6][7]
政治立场 中间偏右[4][8]右派[9]
国际组织 (无)
官方色彩  
以色列国会
30 / 120
选举标志
מחל
官方网站
www.likud.org.il
以色列政治
政党 · 选举

利库德集团希伯来语ליכודHaLikud,字面意思是“团结”)是以色列最大的右翼政党,1973年由赫魯黨(חרות‎)和以色列民主黨合并组成。該黨首位总理的是梅纳赫姆·贝京。該黨於1977年後長期執政,僅於1992年至1996年,1999年至2001年,2006年至2009年成為在野黨。

利库德党支持自由市场资本主义犹太文化复兴,主要支持者来自蓝领瑟法底犹太人和现代犹太教正统派。對外奉行擴張政策,主張維持暴力控制包括耶路撒冷的所有巴勒斯坦領土,並強烈反對巴勒斯坦人立國

领导人[编辑]

2005年12月19日,以色列前总理内塔尼亚胡赢得利库德集团领导人选举,他的竞争对手沙洛姆承认败北。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Daniel Tauber. Ze'ev Jabotinsky (1880-1940). Likud Anglos. August 13, 2010. "Jabotinsky’s movement and teachings, which can be characterized as national-liberalism, form the foundation of the Likud party." 
  2. ^ McGann, James G.; Johnson, Erik C. Comparative Think Tanks, Politics and Public Policy. Edward Elgar Publishing. 2005: 241. "The Likud Party, the party of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, is a national-liberal party, while the Labor Party, led by Shimon Peres, is more left-wing and identified as social-democratic." 
  3. ^ Israel - Political Parties. GlobalSecurity.org. 2014-04-12 [2015-01-26]. "The two main political parties - Likud, essentially national-liberal and Labor, essentially social-democratic - have historical roots and traditions pre-dating the establishment of the State in 1948." 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Meet the parties - Likud. Haaretz - Israel election 2015. 2015 [2015-03-01]. "A national-liberal political movement (center-right, in Israeli terms) that was established as an alliance of parties that united into a single party in 1984." 
  5. ^ Amnon Rapoport. Experimental Studies of Interactive Decisions. Kluwer Academic. 1990: 413. ISBN 0792306856. "Likud is a liberal-conservative party that gains much of its support from the lower and middle classes, and promotes free enterprise, nationalism, and expansionism." 
  6. ^ Joel Greenberg. The World: Pursuing Peace; Netanyahu and His Party Turn Away from 'Greater Israel'. New York Times. 22 November 1998. "Likud, despite defections, had joined Labor in accepting the inevitability of territorial compromise.... Revolutionary as it may seem, Likud's abandonment of its maximalist vision has in fact been evolving for years." 
  7. ^ Ethan Bronner. Netanyahu, Once Hawkish, Now Touts Pragmatism. New York Times. 20 February 2009. "Likud as a party has made a major transformation in the last 15 years from being rigidly committed to retaining all the land of Israel to looking pragmatically at how to retain for Israel defensible borders in a very uncertain Middle East...." 
  8. ^ Josef Federman. Israeli government crumbles; new election planned. Associated Press. 2014-12-02. "Netanyahu's own Likud party is divided between more-centrist old timers and a young guard of hard-line ideologues." 
  9. ^ Michael Schwartz; Greg Botelho. Israeli leader orders ministers out, sets stage for new elections. CNN. 2 December 2014.