|別名||Canadian Eskimo dog
|犬（三名法：Canis lupus familiaris）|
加拿大愛斯基摩狗的大小視其性別而定。雄性體重 30～40 kg（66～88 lb） ，肩高 58～70 cm（23～28 in） 。雌性體重18～30 kg（40～66 lb） 和肩高50～60 cm（20～24 in）。 
加拿大愛斯基摩狗需要非常大的運動量。牠們不能只是被人牽著散步，牠們需要更高強度的工作，需要更多比大多數狗主所能給予牠們的運動量。這就能應付高強度的工作和刺激，也使得牠們非常適合用於犬隻運動 ，如狗拉雪橇。牠們的可訓練性和服從性非常高，不像許多原始犬種，相當機靈。加拿大愛斯基摩犬最好能在寒冷的氣候中生活，反之則很容易發生中暑 。在一年中大部分時間，牠的皮毛相當容易照顧，一星期只需要刷一兩次毛。然而，當牠開始一年一次的換毛期的時候，牠的毛皮每天都需要梳理。
The breed is currently threatened with extinction. In the 19th century and early 20th century, this breed was still in demand for polar expeditions, and approximately 20,000 dogs lived in the Canadian Arctic in the 1920s. However, the breed had declined significantly by the 1960s. The breed had once been accepted for showing by both the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), however in 1959 the AKC dropped the breed from its registry because of extremely low numbers.
Since the 1970s, the Eskimo Dog Research Foundation (EDRF) and Brian Ladoon have worked to increase the breed's numbers. The EDRF was founded in 1972 by William Carpenter and John McGrath and was largely funded by the Canadian Government and the Northwest Territories Government, with some support from the CKC. The EDRF purchased dogs from the small (about 200 dogs) population remaining in the Canadian Arctic from remote Inuit camps on Baffin Island, Boothia Peninsula, and Melville Peninsula. The EDRF then began breeding dogs in order to increase numbers. Brian Ladoon also bought dogs in the 1970s from the northern communities of Canada and started breeding after being given the mission of saving them by Bishop Omer Alfred Robidoux of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Churchill-Baie d'Hudson. He switched from Malamutes and Huskies to the CED, and after breeding for 30 years still has the largest genetic stock colony of Canadian Eskimo Dogs in the world. The modern breed originated from a relatively high number of founders, thus ensuring sufficient genetic variability to avoid inbreeding.
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is currently used in sled dog teams that entertain tourists and for commercial polar bear hunting. By law, polar bear hunting in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut must be conducted by dog team. The requirement is partly for safety reasons; the working dog can better sense when a polar bear is around, whereas the sound of a snowmobile motor masks any sign of a polar bear. On May 1, 2000, the Canadian territory of Nunavut officially adopted the "Canadian Inuit Dog" as the animal symbol of the territory, thus sealing the name of their traditional dog (qimmiq) in the Inuktitut language.
- ^ Canadian Kennel Club: Canadian Eskimo Dog breed standard. Retrieved April 28, 2007
- ^ New Zealand Kennel Club: Canadian Eskimo Dog breed standard. Retrieved December 23, 2012
- ^ Polar Controversy Retrieved December 23, 2012
- ^ 引用错误：无效
- ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Qimmiq — Dogs Retrieved December 23, 2012
- ^ Population Genetic Analyses of the Greenland dog and Canadian Inuit dog by Hanne Friis Andersen, page 39. See also Greenland Dog / Inuit Dog…. it makes no difference in The Fan Hitch Volume 7, Number 4, September 2005 Journal of the Inuit Sled Dog International. Retrieved December 23, 2012
- ^ Polar Bear World Retrieved January 17, 2007
- ^ nanuq at the Inuktitut Living Dictionary Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- ^ 10.0 10.1 The Menageries: Quadrupeds, Described and Drawn from Living Subjects by James Rennie, Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain). Contributor Charles Knight, William Clowes, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, Oliver & Boyd, published by Charles Knight, 1829
- ^ Coppinger, Ray. Dogs: a Startling New Understanding of Canine Origin, Behavior and Evolution. 2001. 352. ISBN 0-684-85530-5.
- ^ The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication Part One by Charles Darwin, 1885
- ^ Inuit Sled Dog International Retrieved December 23, 2012
- ^ The Seven Wonders - Animals Retrieved December 23, 2012
- ^ 15.0 15.1 Canadian Eskimo Dog Foundation - About
- ^ Summary of Hunting Regulations 2010/2011 page 7
- ^ 2012-2013 Summary of Hunting Regulations page 20
- ^ Motion 25 – 1(3): Official Emblems, Monday May 1, 2000, Nunavut Hansard, Page 2049