南十字座恒星列表

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以下是星座南十字座的主要恒星列表,按照亮度降序排列。

名称 拜耳编号 古德编号 HD编号 HIP编号 赤经(RA) 赤纬(Dec) 视星等
mag.
绝对星等
mag.
距离 (光年) 光谱类型 英文名、其他名称及注释
十字架三 β 46 111123 62434 12h 47m 43.32s −59° 41′ 19.4″ 1.25 −3.92 352 B0.5III Mimosa, Becrux; 20th brightest star; 仙王座β型变星, Vmax = +1.23m, Vmin = +1.31m, P = 0.2365072 d
α1
(α Cru A)
α1 26 108248 60718 12h 26m 35.94s −63° 05′ 56.6″ 1.4 −3.6 321 B0.5IV Acrux, 23rd brightest star, 聚星, 分光双星
十字架一 γ 34 108903 61084 12h 31m 09.93s −57° 06′ 45.2″ 1.59 −0.56 88 M4III Gacrux, 三合星, 可能的变星
α2
(α Cru B)
α2 27 108249 12h 26m 36.50s −63° 05′ 58.0″ 2.09 −2.88 321 B1V 南十字座α系统的一部分
十字架四 δ 18 106490 59747 12h 15m 08.76s −58° 44′ 56.0″ 2.79 −2.45 364 B2IV 仙王座β型变星 ; Vmax = +2.78m, Vmin = +2.84m, P = 0.151038 d
ε ε 22 107446 60260 12h 21m 21.81s −60° 24′ 04.9″ 3.59 −0.63 228 K3/K4III 可能的变星
μ1 μ1 52 112092 63003 12h 54m 35.66s −57° 10′ 40.4″ 4.03 −1.29 377 B2IV-V 联星
ζ ζ 19 106983 60009 12h 18m 26.29s −64° 00′ 11.0″ 4.06 −1.16 361 B2.5V 双星
η η 10 105211 59072 12h 06m 52.85s −64° 36′ 49.1″ 4.14 2.67 64 F2III 双星
θ1 θ1 6 104671 58758 12h 03m 01.70s −63° 18′ 46.6″ 4.32 0.08 230 Am 分光双星
45 110956 62327 12h 46m 22.75s −56° 29′ 19.6″ 4.62 −0.80 396 B3V 双星
λ λ 51 112078 63007 12h 54m 39.22s −59° 08′ 48.0″ 4.62 −0.59 360 B4Vn 仙王座β型变星 , ΔV = 0.02m, P = 0.3951 d
ι ι 44 110829 62268 12h 45m 37.92s −60° 58′ 52.2″ 4.69 1.78 125 K1III 双星
θ2 θ2 7 104841 58867 12h 04m 19.24s −63° 09′ 56.6″ 4.72 −2.10 753 B2IV 分光双星; 仙王座β型变星 , Vmax = +4.70m, Vmin = +4.74m, P = 0.0889 d
α Cru C 25 108250 12h 26m 30.90s −63° 07′ 21.0″ 4.86 B4IV 25G. Cru;[1] 可能与南十字座α系统形成光学双星
CH ( 39 G. Cru) [2] 39 110335 61966 12h 41m 56.60s −59° 41′ 08.9″ 4.91 −2.60 1035 B6IV Be星
μ2 μ2 53 112091 63005 12h 54m 36.92s −57° 10′ 07.1″ 5.08 −0.14 361 B5Vne component of μ Cru system; 仙后座γ变星, Vmax = +4.99m, Vmin = +5.18m
BZ 40 110432 62027 12h 42m 50.28s −63° 03′ 31.0″ 5.27 −2.12 982 B2pe high-mass X-ray binary; 仙后座γ变星, Vmax = +5.24m, Vmin = +5.45m
54 112244 63117 12h 55m 57.14s −56° 50′ 08.9″ 5.34 −3.47 1884 O9Ib 发射线星
24 107696 60379 12h 22m 49.47s −57° 40′ 34.0″ 5.38 0.28 342 B9V
BL 29 108396 60781 12h 27m 28.88s −58° 59′ 30.4″ 5.38 −0.82 566 M4/M5III 半规则变星, ΔV = 0.35m
2 103961 58379 11h 58m 15.25s −56° 19′ 02.3″ 5.44 −1.00 633 B8III 可能的变星
BG 35 108968 61136 12h 31m 40.34s −59° 25′ 26.1″ 5.49 −3.07 1680 F5Ib-G0p 35G. Cru;[3] 造父变星, Vmax = +5.34m, Vmin = +5.58m, P = 3.3428 d
1 103884 58326 11h 57m 40.04s −62° 26′ 55.4″ 5.59 −0.73 598 B3V 可能的变星
3 104035 58427 11h 58m 47.67s −64° 20′ 22.4″ 5.59 −4.11 2835 A3Ib
DS 47 111613 62732 12h 51m 17.98s −60° 19′ 47.2″ 5.71 −4.10 2991 A2Iab 发射线星; 天鹅座α型变星, Vmax = +5.79m, Vmin = +5.84m
48 111904 62894 12h 53m 21.90s −60° 19′ 42.6″ 5.75 −4.71 4025 B9Ia 可能的变星
33 108732 60969 12h 29m 54.19s −56° 31′ 29.9″ 5.78 −0.40 562 M1III 可能的变星
κ κ 50 111973 62931 12h 53m 48.92s −60° 22′ 34.5″ 5.98 −2.55 1661 B5Ia 珠宝盒星团的一部分(一般南十字座κ直接指星团本身)
15 106068 59517 12h 12m 21.99s −62° 57′ 02.8″ 5.91 −4.96 4866 B9Ia
23 107543 60308 12h 21m 57.44s −56° 22′ 27.8″ 5.91 −2.73 1743 K4III + (F)
9 104933 58921 12h 04m 57.25s −60° 58′ 05.7″ 5.95 −0.59 661 M2III 可能的变星
36 109000 61158 12h 31m 56.15s −63° 30′ 21.2″ 5.96 1.62 240 A8III
42 110506 62058 12h 43m 09.21s −56° 10′ 34.3″ 5.99 0.47 414 B9Vn
28 108355 60771 12h 27m 24.85s −63° 47′ 20.3″ 6.02 −0.50 657 B8IV
30 108501 60851 12h 28m 19.31s −64° 20′ 27.5″ 6.05 1.11 317 A0Vn
41 110461 62026 12h 42m 49.80s −55° 56′ 49.1″ 6.06 0.77 372 B9V
13 105841 59396 12h 11m 05.25s −61° 16′ 38.6″ 6.08 1.34 290 F0III
32 108570 60870 12h 28m 33.84s −56° 24′ 26.2″ 6.15 3.02 138 K0/K1III
5 104430 58642 12h 01m 29.26s −57° 30′ 13.5″ 6.16 1.28 309 A1V
DL 17 106343 59678 12h 14m 16.93s −64° 24′ 30.7″ 6.20 6.30 ~20000 B1.5Ia 天鹅座α型变星; Vmax = +6.24m, Vmin = +6.28m
31 108530 60861 12h 28m 25.71s −61° 47′ 41.4″ 6.21 0.31 494 K2III
11 105437 59200 12h 08m 24.74s −60° 50′ 49.7″ 6.22 −2.89 2159 K3/K4II
38 109492 61443 12h 35m 29.79s −61° 50′ 29.0″ 6.22 2.89 151 G4IV
8 104900 58901 12h 04m 45.29s −59° 15′ 11.7″ 6.30 1.12 354 B9Vn
108395 60780 12h 27m 28.84s −58° 18′ 59.3″ 6.35 −0.79 874 K4III
4 104111 58469 11h 59m 25.62s −62° 49′ 51.4″ 6.36 −5.85 9022 A8II
43 110532 62084 12h 43m 28.40s −58° 54′ 09.9″ 6.41 −0.14 667 K0/K1III 双星
γ Cru B γ 108925 12h 31m 16.70s −57° 04′ 52.0″ 6.42 A3V 南十字座γ系统的一部分
R 107805 60455 12h 23m 37.69s −61° 37′ 44.9″ 6.90 0.94 508 F7Ib/II 造父变星, Vmax = +6.40m, Vmin = +7.23m, P = 5.82575 d
HD 108147 108147 60644 12h 25m 46.27s −64° 01′ 19.5″ 6.99 4.05 126 F9V 含有1颗行星 (b)
HD 106906 106906 59960 12h 17m 53.0s -54° 01′ 28″ 7.8 300 F5V 含有1颗行星 (b)
南十字座DI 104994 58954 12h 05m 18.72s -62° 03′ 10.1″ 10.8 -4.05 13000 WN3pe

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ This star is Gould's 25th of Crux in his Uranometria Argentina. (Gould, B. A., (2009) Uranometria Argentina, (Reprinted and updated by Pilcher, F.)[1]) Kostjuk (see below) erroneously lists it as "256 Cru". Confusingly it with "25G. Cru"?
  2. ^ This star is Gould's 39th of Crux in his Uranometria Argentina. (op. cit.) Kostjuk erroneously lists it as simply "39 Cru". SIMBAD follows this error in its object query result as " * 39 Cru -- Be Star".
  3. ^ This star is Gould's 35th of Crux in his Uranometria Argentina. (op. cit.) Kostjuk erroneously lists it as simply "35 Cru". SIMBAD follows this error in its object query result " V* BG Cru -- Classical Cepheid (delta Cep type)".

参见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

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