南岛民族

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南岛民族
Langues-autronesiennes.png
南岛民族现代分布
總人口
386,000,000+
分佈地區

印尼: 222,781,000 (2005)
菲律賓: 92,226,600 [1]
馬來西亞: 12,290,000 (2006) [2]
巴布亞新畿內亞: 6,300,000
馬達加斯加: 超過500萬人(1998) [3]
東帝汶: 947,000 (2004)
新西蘭: 855,000 (2006) [4] [5]
汶萊: 724,000? (2006)
新加坡: 超過60萬人[1]
所羅門群島: 478,000 (2005)
台灣: 480,000 (2006)
斐濟: 456,000 (2005) [6]
夏威夷(美國): 140,652或401,162(定義)[2]

蘇里南: 71,000 (2009) [3]
語言
南島語系马来-波利尼西亚语族台灣南島語言
宗教信仰
伊斯蘭教基督教泛靈論印度教

南岛民族[4]大洋洲东南亚南岛语系的族群。他们包括台湾东帝汶印度尼西亚马来西亚菲律宾文莱马达加斯加密克罗尼西亚联邦波利尼西亚以及新西兰夏威夷玻利尼西亚人、非巴布亚人美拉尼西亚人等多个民族。他们还分布于泰国北大年地区、新加坡越南和湛地区(覆盖越南中部和南部的占婆王国)、柬埔寨海南。这些地区统称为南岛民族地区。

參見[编辑]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ About 13.6% of the Singaporeans are of Malay descent. In addition to these, many Chinese Singaporeans are also of mixed Austronesian descent. See also http://www.singstat.gov.sg/keystats/c2000/indicators.pdf
  2. ^ U.S. 2000 Census
  3. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ns.html#People
  4. ^ According to the anthropologist Wilhelm Solheim II: "I emphasize again, as I have done in many other articles, that 'Austronesian' is a linguistic term and is the name of a super language family. It should never be used as a name for a people, genetically speaking, or a culture. To refer to people who speak an Austronesian language the phrase 'Austronesian speaking people' should be used." Origins of the Filipinos and Their Languages. (January 2006).

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Bellwood, Peter, Man's conquest of the Pacific: The prehistory of Southeast Asia and Oceania, 1979
  • Bellwood, Peter, Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago, 1986
  • Bellwood, Peter, James J. Fox, and Darrell Tryon eds., The Austronesians : historical and comparative perspectives, Australian National University, 1995
  • Diamond, Jahed, Guns, Germs, and Steel, Vintage & Random House, 1998
  • Benitez-Johannot, Purissima (ed.), 'Paths of Origins', ArtPostAsia Books, 2009

外部链接[编辑]