古蜴甲龍

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古蜴甲龍
化石時期: 上白堊紀
古蜴甲龍模式種的牙齒
古蜴甲龍模式種的牙齒
保护状况
化石
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
綱: 蜥形綱 Sauropsida
總目: 恐龍總目 Dinosauria
目: 鳥臀目 Ornithischia
亞目: 裝甲亞目 Thyreophora
下目: 甲龍下目 Ankylosauria
科: 結節龍科 Nodosauridae
屬: 古蜴甲龍屬 Palaeoscincus
Leidy, 1856
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古蜴甲龍學名Palaeoscincus)又名古伊犁龍,意為「古代的石龍子」,是甲龍下目恐龍的一屬,狀態為疑名化石只有牙齒,發現於蒙大拿州朱迪斯河組,地質年代為上白堊紀坎帕階中期[1]。就像其他由約瑟夫·萊迪(Joseph Leidy)所命名的屬,例如恐齒龍強龍糙齒龍,古蜴甲龍過去層包含許多種,但目前多被古生物學家廢棄不用。在20世紀早期,古蜴甲龍曾被廣泛地使用,而成為知名的恐龍之一。古蜴甲龍通常會被描繪成有類似埃德蒙頓甲龍的裝甲,以及甲龍科的尾槌。

物種[编辑]

許多年來,古蜴甲龍曾經有6個物種,包括:

分類[编辑]

古伊犁龍目前被認為是甲龍下目的分類未定屬[9][10],或可能是結節龍科的分類未定屬[3][5][11]

參考[编辑]

  1. ^ Leidy, J. Notice of remains of extinct reptiles and fishes, discovered by Dr. F. V. Hayden in the Bad Lands of the Judith River, Nebraska Territories. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science Philadelphia. 1856, 8: 72–73. 
  2. ^ Broom, R. Observations on some specimens of South African fossil reptiles preserved in the British Museum. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 1912, 2: 19–25. doi:10.1080/00359191009519357. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Coombs, Jr. The families of the ornithischian dinosaur order Ankylosauria. Palaeontology. 1978, 21 (1): 143–170. 
  4. ^ Lambe, L.M. On Vertebrata of the mid-Cretaceous of the Northwest Territory. 2. New genera and species from the Belly River Series (mid-Cretaceous). Contributions to Canadian Paleontology. 1902, 3: 25–81. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Coombs, Jr., W.P. (1990). Teeth and taxonomy in ankylosaurs. In: Carpenter, K., and Currie, P.J. (eds.). Dinosaur Systematics: Approaches and Perspectives. Cambridge University Press:Cambridge, 269-279. ISBN 0-521-36672-0
  6. ^ Marsh, O.C. Notes on Mesozoic vertebrate fossils. American Journal of Science. 1892, 44: 171–176. 
  7. ^ Henning, C.L. Ueber neuer Saurierfunde aus Kanada und deren geologische Position. Naturwissenschaften. 1914, 2 (31): 769–776. doi:10.1007/BF01496485. 
  8. ^ Gilmore, C.W. On dinosaurian reptiles from the Two Medicine Formation of Montana. United States National Museum, Proceedings. 1930, 77: 1–39. 
  9. ^ Carpenter, K. (2001). Phylogenetic analysis of the Ankylosauria. In: Carpenter, K. (ed.). The Armored Dinosaurs. Indiana University Press:Bloomington, 455-483. ISBN 0-253-33964-2
  10. ^ Vickaryous, M.K., Maryańska, T., and Weishampel, D.B., (2004). Ankylosauria. In: Weishampel, D.B., Dodson, P., and Osmólska, H. (eds.). The Dinosauria (second edition). University of California Press:Berkeley, 363-392. ISBN 0-520-24209-2
  11. ^ Ford, T.L. (2000). A review of ankylosaur osteoderms from New Mexico and a preliminary review of ankylosaur armor. In: Lucas, S.G., and Heckert, A.B. (eds.). Dinosaurs of New Mexico. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 17:157-176.

外部連結[编辑]