吉茲語

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吉茲語
ግዕዝ Gəʿəz
发音 [ɡɨʕɨz]
使用国家和地区 厄立特里亚埃塞俄比亚
語言滅亡 估计在4世纪[1]至10世纪之间[2]
仍然作为礼拜语言使用[3]
語系
文字 吉兹字母
官方地位
作为官方语言 埃塞俄比亚正教会厄立特里亚正教会英语Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church埃塞俄比亚礼天主教会[3]贝塔以色列人[4]的礼拜语言。
語言代碼
ISO 639-2 gez
ISO 639-3 gez

吉茲語Ge'ez,亦作Gi'izGəʾəzIPA標音:[ɡəʕəz]ISO 639-2gez)也稱衣索比亞語,是一種古代的語言,現在只作宗教用途的死語。這種語言在東非洲非洲之角埃塞俄比亞高原之上發展。

語音學[编辑]

母音[编辑]

  • ä [æ] < Proto-Semitic *a
  • u [u:] < Proto-Semitic *ū
  • i [i:] < Proto-Semitic *ī
  • a [a:] < Proto-Semitic *ā
  • e [e:] < Proto-Semitic *ay
  • ə [ə] < Proto-Semitic *i, *u
  • o [o:] < Proto-Semitic *aw

參見[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  • [BUD] Budge, E. A. Wallis. 1928. A History of Ethiopia: Nubia and Abyssinia, Oosterhout, the Netherlands: Anthropological Publications, 1970.
  • CHA Chain, M. Ethiopia transcribed by: Donahue M. in The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume V. Published 1909. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat, May 1, 1909. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. + John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York
  • [DIR] Diringer, David. 1968. The Alphabet, A Key To The History of Mankind.
  • [KOB] Kobishchanov, Yuri M. 1979. Axum in SomeCollectionOfWritings[來源請求], edited by Joseph W. Michels; translated by: Lorraine T. Kapitanoff. University Park, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania. ISBN 0-271-00531-9.
  • MAT[失效連結] Matara Aksumite & Pre-Aksumite City Webpage
  • MUN Munro-Hay Stuart. 1991. Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity. Edinburgh: University Press. ISBN 0-7486-0106-6.
  • [PAN68] Pankhurst, Richard K.P. 1968.An Economic History of Ethiopia, 1800-1935, Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University Press.
  • PAN03 Pankhurst, Richard K.P. A Glimpse into 16th. Century Ethiopian History Abba 'Enbaqom, Imam Ahmad Ibn Ibrahim, and the "Conquest of Abyssinia". Addis Tribune. November 14, 2003.
  • PER Perruchon, J. D. and Gottheil, Richard. Falashas in The Jewish Encyclopidia. 1901-1906.

延伸閱讀[编辑]

語法
  • Aläqa Tayyä, Maṣḥafa sawāsəw. Monkullo: Swedish Mission 1896/7 (=1889 according to the Ethiopian calendar).
  • Dillmann, August; Bezold, Carl, Ethiopic Grammar, 2nd edition translated from German by James Crichton, London 1907. ISBN 1-59244-145-9 (2003 reprint). (Published in German: ¹1857, ²1899).
  • Kidanä Wäld Kəfle, Maṣḥafa sawāsəw wagəss wamazgaba ḳālāt ḥaddis ("A new grammar and dictionary"), Dire Dawa: Artistik Matämiya Bet 1955/6 (=1948 according to the Ethiopian calendar).
  • Lambdin, Thomas O., Introduction to Classical Ethiopic, Harvard Semitic Studies 24, Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press 1978. ISBN 0-89130-263-8.
  • Stefan Weninger, Ge'ez grammar, Munich, ISBN 3-929075-04-0 (1st edition), ISBN 3-89586-604-0 (2nd revised edition).
  • Gene Gragg Ge`ez Phonology, in: Phonologies of Asia and Africa (Vol 1), ed. A. S. Kaye & P. T. Daniels, Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, Indiana (1997).
文學
  • Taddesse Adera, Ali Jimale Ahmed (eds.), Silence Is Not Golden: A Critical Anthology of Ethiopian Literature, Red Sea Press (1995), ISBN 0-932415-47-4.
  • Jon Bonk, Annotated and Classified Bibliography of English Literature Pertaining to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, Atla Bibliography Series, Scarecrow Pr (1984), ISBN 0-8108-1710-1.
詞典
  • Dillmann, August, Lexicon linguæ Æthiopicæ cum indice Latino, Lipsiae 1865.
  • Leslau, Wolf, Comparative Dictionary of Geez (Classical Ethiopic): Geez-English, English-Geez, with an Index of the Semitic Roots, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 1987. ISBN 3-447-02592-1.
  • idem, Concise Dictionary of Ge`ez (Classical Ethiopic), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 1989. ISBN 3-447-02873-4.
  • Ludolf, Hiob, Lexicon Aethiopico-Latinum, Ed. by J. M. Wansleben, London 1661.
  • Wemmers, J., Lexicon Aethiopicum, Rome 1638.

外部連結[编辑]


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