嘉比茜-馬德蘭島

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Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madelaine
Region
Map of Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madelaine in relation to Quebec.的位置
Map of Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madelaine in relation to Quebec.
Country Canada 加拿大
Province 魁北克 魁北克省
人口(2006)
 • 總計 94,663
網站
http://www.gaspesie-iles-de-la-madeleine.gouv.qc.ca
聖羅倫斯灣

嘉比茜-馬德蘭島Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madelaine法语发音:[ɡaspezi il də la madlɛn])是加拿大魁北克省的一个行政区,位于魁北克省东部,圣劳伦斯湾南岸的最东端,包括加斯佩半岛(Gaspésie)和馬德蘭群島(Îles de la Madeleine)两个组成部分。

经济主要是农业(盛产苹果,橄榄,葡萄等),渔业,林业以及旅游(著名的穿孔石“賀雪卑西” Rocher perce和鸟岛)。该地区80%覆盖着针叶林,也是魁北克省森林覆盖率最高的地区。面积20272平方公里,人口96924人(2001年),下辖5个县,2个独立市,2个印第安保留地,总计53个城镇。

穿孔石“賀雪卑西” Rocher perce
Cap-Chat的风车山庄
世界上最大的垂直轴风车

The administrative region of Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine was created on December 22, 1987. It brings together two geographical units: the Gaspé peninsula (20,102.69 km2) and the Magdalen Islands archipelago (205.4 km2). The population is 94,336 (2006 census). The region is projected into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, at the eastern extremity of Quebec. The region's interior, 80% of which is covered by coniferous forests, is among the most rugged terrain in the province. Rich soils cover the land along the coast and within the region's river valleys. Important mineral deposits are also found in this region.

Forty-two local municipalities are located in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region, along with seven unorganized territories, two reserves, and one Mi'kmaq community. With the exception of a few villages, the entire population is spread out along the coast, in villages with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants. Its largest community is the city of Gaspé (2006 population 14,819), near the tip of the peninsula.

The region has undergone many stresses which have influenced the evolution of its economy. The decrease in population as well as in primary resources, the weak diversity of secondary economic activities, and the seasonal nature of many of its jobs are all elements that explain the fragility of the job market. Tourism plays a vital part in the region's economy.

历史[编辑]

雅克·卡蒂埃的第一次航行

欧洲人的到来[编辑]

雅克·卡蒂亚

最早来魁北克嘉比茜-馬德蘭島的欧洲探险家雅克·卡蒂亚,他于1534年到达加斯佩半岛,1535年航入圣劳伦斯河。他进入圣劳伦斯河河口,沿着圣劳伦斯河道深入内陆,远行至现今的魁北克市。他登陆时,问当地的印第安人这是什么地方,他们回答说是Canada。意为村庄或居住地,加拿大的名字由此而来。

割让给英国[编辑]

1763年,英国同法王路易十五签署巴黎条约,法国放弃新法兰西以换取继续拥有西印度群岛瓜德羅普。英国人将加拿大(当时新法兰西的一部分)改名为魁北克省

1774年英国议会通过《魁北克法案》,该法案确保了魁北克地区的法语和法国文化不受威胁。这个法案还允许魁北克保留法国的民事法和整个法律体系,同时也保障了宗教自由。罗马天主教得以保留。

Subdivisions[编辑]

Regional County Municipalities

Independent Municipalities

Indian Reserves

Major communities[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

外部链接[编辑]

坐标48°41′N 65°24′W / 48.683°N 65.400°W / 48.683; -65.400