土耳其人

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土耳其人
Türkler
Osman Gazi.jpg Mihrimah Sultan.jpg EmperorSuleiman.jpg Princess Durru Shehvar.jpg Sultan Abdulmecid Pera Museum 3 b.jpg Sultan Abdulaziz I.JPG
Safiye Ali.jpg MustfaFehmi.jpg Edib Halide.jpg Mimar Kemaleddin.jpg Feriha Tevfik.gif Ali Fethi Okyar.jpg
Kemalbey.jpg Atatürk.jpg 60x70px Nigâr Hanım.jpg
60x70px 60x70px ElifShafak Ask EbruBilun Wiki.jpg Nuri Şahin in the Turkish national team strip at Fenerbahçe Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Istanbul, Turkey - 20100811.jpg 60x70px Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2010.jpg

總人口

约7000万[來源請求]

(同见土耳其人口土耳其海外侨民)
分佈地區
 土耳其 55,500,000-59,000,000[1][2][3][4]
 德國 3,500,000-4,000,000[5][6][7]
 伊拉克 500,000-3,000,000[8][9]
 叙利亚 750,000-1,500,000[10]
 保加利亚 588,318[11]
 法国 500,000-600,000[12][13]
 英國 500,000 a[14][15][16]
 美國 190,000 - 500,000 b[17][18][19]
 荷蘭 400,000-500,000 c[20][21][22]
 奥地利 350,000-500,000[23][24][25][26]
 北塞浦路斯 300,000-500,000 d[27][28]
 比利时 200,000[29][30]
 馬其頓共和國 77,959 - 200,000[31][32][33]
 沙烏地阿拉伯 200,000 e[34]
 澳大利亚 60,000-150,000 f[35][36]
 希臘 80,000-150,000 g[37][38][39][40]
 哈萨克斯坦 150,000 h[41]
 俄羅斯 120,000-150,000[42]
  瑞士 120,000 e[43]
 阿塞拜疆 110,000 h[41]
 瑞典 100,000-150,000 i[44][45]
 埃及 70,000-100,000[46][47]
 丹麥 70,000[48]
 羅馬尼亞 55,000-80,000[49][50]
 黎巴嫩 50,000-80,000[51][52]
 波赫 50,000[53]
 加拿大 50,000[54][55][56]
 科索沃 50,000[57][53]
 吉尔吉斯斯坦 50,000 h[41][58]
 義大利 21,000[59][60]
 挪威 16,000 e[61]
 乌兹别克斯坦 15,000 h[62]
語言
土耳其语
宗教信仰
主要为伊斯兰教 (逊尼派, 阿拉维派), 无神论
相關種族
Turkic peoples  · Anatolian peoples
註釋

a This includes between 300,000[14] to 400,000[63][64] Turkish Cypriots living in the UK.
b Government immigration figures on the number of Turks in the US estimates a total of 190,000 persons;[17] however, these statistics are not fully reliable because a considerable number of Turks were born in the Balkans and USSR.[65]
c A further 10,000-30,000 people from Bulgaria live in the Netherlands. The majority are Bulgarian Turks and are the fastest-growing group of immigrants in the Netherlands.[66]
d This includes Turkish settlers. A further 2,000 Turkish Cypriots currently reside in the southern part of the island.[67]
e This figure only includes Turkish citizens. Therefore, this also includes ethnic minorities from Turkey; however, it does not include ethnic Turks who have either been born and/or have become naturalised citizens. Furthermore, these figures do not include ethnic Turkish minorities from Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Iraq, Kosovo, Macedonia, Romania or any other traditional area of Turkish settlement because they are registered as citizens from the country they have immigrated from rather than their ethnic Turkish identity.
f A further 40,000-60,000 Turkish Cypriots live in Australia.[68][69][70]
g This figure only includes Turks of Western Thrace. A further 5,000 live in the Rhodes and Kos.[71] In addition to this, 8,297 immigrants live in Greece.[72]
h These figures only includes Meskhetian Turks.
i

A further 30,000 Turks from Bulgaria live in Sweden.[73]

土耳其人土耳其共和国的主体民族,绝大多数信奉伊斯兰教,源自是奥斯曼帝国时期。该民族主要分布于土耳其德国法國、及其他一些国家伊拉克阿塞拜疆北塞浦路斯希腊俄罗斯保加利亚格鲁吉亚马其顿科索沃波斯尼亚羅馬尼亞奧地利英國荷兰比利时列支敦士登澳大利亞中亚、北美等地。

他們使用的語言為土耳其語。他們其實只有很少突厥血統,多數是安納托利亞希臘人亞美尼亞人庫爾德人阿拉伯人波斯人,以及古代的赫梯吕底亚人与後來巴尔干半岛的居民。但在文化心理认同上(一部分強行突厥化),土耳其人普遍接受自己是突厥人

土耳其人最早是由乌古斯人与拜占廷希腊人混血。1071年之後,烏古斯人開始在安納托利亞建國,后蒙古伊儿汗國时代大量乌古斯人进入,是真正奠定时代。

身穿民族服饰的土耳其人儿童,北塞浦路斯

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