媒體馬戲團

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
在2004年8月,一名恐怖份子對紐澤西州紐華克保德信金融集團英语Prudential Financial總部大樓和紐約市其它建築物的威脅的證據的消息公布後,新聞媒體衛星上行線路卡車與攝影記者聚集在其門外。

媒體馬戲團英语Media circus)是一個口語的隱喻慣用語,用來描述媒體在被報導事件的報導範圍超出比例的新聞事件,例如在現場的記者數量,新聞媒體刊登或播出的數量,和媒體的炒作程度。此用語是透過與馬戲團相比的方法來批判媒體,通常是負面的,且被認為是反對如實觀察的慣用語。在1970年代時,該用語被用作這種意思已很普遍[1][2]

歷史[编辑]

儘管構想更為古早,術語「媒體馬戲團」大約在1970年代中期時開始出現。林恩·哈尼(Lynn Haney)在1976年寫的書是一個早期的例子,她寫了有關運動員克里斯·艾芙特的愛情故事:「畢竟,他們的戀愛,一直都是『媒體馬戲團』[3]」。幾年後,華盛頓郵報也有刊登一個類似的戀愛例子,「格蕾絲王妃仍然因為她在1956年嫁給蘭尼埃親王的婚禮成為了『媒體馬戲團』而精神受創[4]」。自1970年代以來,隨著時間的推移,這個詞已經越來越受歡迎。

成為批判媒體的原因,因使用的人而異。然而,大多數批評的核心是當其它更重要的新聞議題因為報導炒作議題而得到較少的公眾關注時,將會產生顯著的機會成本

媒體馬戲團在1951年的電影「倒扣的王牌英语Ace in the Hole (film)」中成了重要的劇情手段,該電影是關於一名自私的記者報導了一場礦坑災難,使得一個人受困而死在地底下。這部電影冷嘲熱諷地探討了媒體和他們所報導的新聞之間的關係。該電影後來被以「盛大的狂歡節(The Big Carnival)」之名重新發表,其中「狂歡節(carnival)」在當時是指「馬戲團(circus)」。

事例[编辑]

被描述成是媒體馬戲團的事件包括:

英國[编辑]

美國[编辑]

2011年5月26日在史特勞斯-卡恩公寓門前的照相機和記者

阿魯巴[编辑]

澳洲[编辑]

巴西[编辑]

智利[编辑]

義大利[编辑]

祕魯[编辑]


參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Gilmore case turning into a circus for media. Milwaukee Journal. 1976-12-03. "The worldwide attention that condemned killer Gary Gilmore is receiving has turned his case into a media circus Utah residents are saying" 
  2. ^ Miller, Gene. Only in America - the Gary Gilmore Circus has everything but dancing bears. The Evening Independent. 1976-12-08. "There is most appallingly, an only-in-America spectacle wherein a quest for justice becomes an extravaganza for the fast buck. Come, come, come to the circus." 
  3. ^ Lynn Haney (1976). Chris Evert, the Young Champion.
  4. ^ Washington Post B1, June 29, 1978. This is the oldest quote the Oxford English Dictionary has listed, although obviously there are older occurrences.
  5. ^ Knapton, Sarah. Jade Goody dies after cancer battle bringing media circus to end. The Daily Telegraph (London). March 22, 2009 [May 12, 2010]. 
  6. ^ Rodriguez, Linda. No one outside of the media-political circus cares about the phone hacking scandal. July 22, 2011 [August 17, 2011]. 
  7. ^ Gelman, David, Greenberg, Peter S. et al., "Ringmaster at the circus," Newsweek. New York: Jan. 31, 1977. Vol.89, Iss. 5; pg. 77. Source type: Periodical. ISSN: 00289604. ProQuest document ID: 1098541. Document URL: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1098541&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=76566&RQT=309&VName=PQD (subscription) retrieved Dec. 20, 2006
  8. ^ (Elizabeth Davis, The Daily Beacon, January 12, 1996).[1]
  9. ^ Newsweek, "Martha's Fall," March 15, 2005 [2]
  10. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/casey-anthony-trial-turned-media-frenzy-031041514.html
  11. ^ http://www.digtriad.com/news/article/182093/57/Elon-Professor-Explains-Media-Frenzy-Around-Anthony-Case-
  12. ^ Casey Anthony trial turned into media frenzy. Reuters. July 6, 2011. 
  13. ^ Casey Anthony trial: Media frenzy at new heights. CBS News. 
  14. ^ "Trayvon Martin shooting: Debate over photos escalates". Yahoo! News.
  15. ^ Jodi Arias Trial: An Over-The-Top Media-Spectacle. Huffington Post. May 22, 2013. 
  16. ^ Jodi Arias Trial: Jurors weigh murder charge amid "real-life soap opera" spectacle. CBS News. May 6, 2013. 
  17. ^ Jodi Arias trial attracts watchers from across the nation. FOX News. February 5, 2013. 
  18. ^ In Arias trial, TV cameras never far behind. Yahoo! News. May 22, 2013. 
  19. ^ Is the Jodi Arias Trial the Craziest in America?. Inside Edition. April 11, 2013. 
  20. ^ Amid many trials, a frenzy over Jodi Arias. USA Today. May 12, 2013. 
  21. ^ When is enough Natalee Holloway madness enough?. Caribbean Net News. 2005-08-23. 
  22. ^ Media circus comes digging for gold. Sydney Morning Herald. May 4, 2006. 
  23. ^ http://blogs.radioaustralia.net.au/today/an-indian-boy-and-a-media-circus
  24. ^ Global Voices - Brazil: Making a child murder into a media show
  25. ^ As media circus wanes...
  26. ^ The media circus around Chile's trapped miners.
  27. ^ The ‘Get’ Game Gets Going at Chile Miner Media Circus
  28. ^ Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox compared to Goebbels by prosecutors. Telegraph (UK) (Perugia). September 23, 2011 [2011-09-27]. ""The trial must be held here, in this courtroom. This lobbying, this media and political circus, this heavy interference, forget all of it," the prosecutor said" 
  29. ^ Peru police confirm Van der Sloot's murder confession. Radio Netherlands Worldwide. 2010-06-09.