安娜·卡文

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安娜·卡文(Anna Kavan)(1901年4月10日- 1968年12月5日),英國小說家短篇小說作家畫家

生平[编辑]

安娜·卡文出生在法國,是富裕冷淡雙親的唯一孩子,導致她終生苦於抑鬱症精神疾病。她生長在歐洲和美國,並曾住在緬甸

她結婚了又離婚兩次,一個兒子布萊恩於第二次世界大戰中喪生。她的女兒瑪格麗特在斯圖爾特埃德蒙茲出生,但分娩後不久去世。這對夫妻領養了一個女兒,命名為蘇珊娜。

她最初的六部小說以海倫·弗格森為筆名。安娜·卡文沉迷於海洛因,普遍被認為因吸食海洛因過量猝逝。事實上,她死於心臟衰竭,雖然她曾企圖自殺過數次。

風格[编辑]

她一直被人們與弗吉尼亞·伍爾夫阿娜伊斯·寧(Anaïs Nin)、Djuna Barnes、卡夫卡等人相互比較。

作品[编辑]

  • A Charmed Circle (1929)
  • Let Me Alone (1930)
  • The Dark Sisters (1930)
  • A Stranger Still (1935)
  • Goose Cross (1936)
  • Rich Get Rich (1937)
  • Asylum Piece (1940)
  • Change The Name (1941)
  • I Am Lazarus (1945)
  • Sleep Has His House (a.k.a. The House of Sleep) (1948)
  • The Horse's Tale (with K. T. Bluth) (1949)
  • A Scarcity of Love (1956)
  • Eagle's Nest (1957)
  • A Bright Green Field and Other Stories (1958)
  • Who Are You? (1963)
  • Ice (1967)
  • Julia and the Bazooka (1970)
  • My Soul in China (1975)
  • My Madness: Selected Writings (1990)
  • Mercury (1994)
  • The Parson (1995)
  • Guilty (2007)
  • "Department of Slight Confusion." In Book: A Miscellany. No. 3, edited by Leo Bensemann & Denis Glover. Christchurch: Caxton Press, 1941.
  • "Ice Storm." In New Zealand New Writing, edited by Ian Gordon. Wellington: Progressive Publishing Society, 1942.
  • "I Am Lazarus." Horizon VII, no. 41, 1943, 353–61.
  • "New Zealand: An Answer to an Inquiry." Horizon VIII, no. 45, 1943, 153–61.
  • "The Big Bang." In Modern Short Stories, edited by Denys Val Baker. London: Staples & Staples, 1943.
  • "Face of My People." Horizon IX, no. 53, 1944, 323–35.
  • "Face of My People." In Little Reviews Anthology 1945, edited by Denys Val Baker. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1945.
  • "I Am Lazarus." In Stories of the Forties Vol. 1, edited by Reginald Moore & Woodrow Wyatt. London: Nicholson & Watson, 1945.
  • "Two New Zealand Pieces." In Choice, edited by William Sansom. London: Progressive Publishing, 1946.
  • "Brave New Worlds." In Horizon, edited by Cyril Connolly. London, 1946.
  • "The Professor." In Horizon, edited by Cyril Connolly. London, 1946.
  • "Face of My People." In Modern British Writing, edited by Denys Val Baker. New York: Vanguard Press, 1947.
  • "I Am Lazarus." In The World Within: Fiction Illuminating Neuroses of Our Time, edited by Mary Louise W. Aswell. New York: McGraw-Hill Books, 1947.
  • "The Red Dogs." In Penguin New Writing, Vol. 37, edited by John Lehmann. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1949.
  • "The Red Dogs." In Pleasures of New Writing: An Anthology of Poems, Stories, and Other Prose Pieces from the Pages of New Writing, edited by John Lehmann. London: John Lehmann, 1952.
  • "Happy Name." In London Magazine, edited by Alan Ross. London, 1954.
  • "Palace of Sleep." In Stories for the Dead of Night, edited by Don Congdon. New York: Dell Books, 1957
  • "A Bright Green Field." In Springtime Two: An Anthology of Current Trends, edited by Peter Owen & Wendy Owen. London: Peter Owen Ltd., 1958.
  • "High in the Mountains." In London Magazine, edited by Alan Ross. London, 1958.
  • "Five More Days to Countdown." In Encounter XXXI, no. 1, 1968, 45–49.
  • "Julia and the Bazooka." In Encounter XXXII, no. 2, 1969, 16–19.
  • "World of Heroes." In Encounter XXXIII, no. 4, 1969, 9–13.
  • "The Mercedes." In London Magazine 1970, 17–21.
  • "Edge of Panic." In Vogue, 1 October 1971, 75–83.
  • "Sleep Has His House" excerpts. In The Tiger Garden: A Book of Writers’ Dreams. Foreword by Anthony Stevens. London: Serpent’s Tail, 1996
  • "The Zebra Struck" In The Vintage Book of Amnesia, edited by Jonathan Lethem. New York: Vintage Books, 2000


參考書目[编辑]

  • "In Memoriam: Anna Kavan", by Brian W. Aldiss, in Anderson, Poul (ed.) (1971). Nebula Award Stories 4. London: Panther Books.