en:Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies，Toronto. It uniquely among all pontifical faculties grants the licentiate in Medieval Studies (L.M.S., a post-doctorate earned degree), and the doctorate (M.S.D.) which is awarded on the basis of a career. It is an independent research institute at the University of Toronto.
en:Pontifical College Josephinum, Columbus, OH - While bearing the title Pontifical, The Pontifical College Josephinum in Columbus, Ohio is not strictly speaking a pontifical university or faculty. Its faculty is not authorized by the Holy See to grant pontifical academic degrees in its own name. It is rather a Pontifical seminary, the only one outside of Italy. Founded in the late 19th century, it was named a Pontifical seminary by Pope Leo XIII. Its founder, Msgr. Joseph Jessing had petitioned to keep his young seminary under the auspices of the Holy See to prevent intervention from local ecclesial authorities. Today, unlike other Catholic seminaries which are under the jurisdiction of local bishops or religious orders, the Josephinum has as its chancellor the Pope's Apostolic Nuncio to the United States, who must approve all faculty appointments and major decisions regarding the seminary.