巨鲶属

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Pangasius
化石時期: Tertiary - Recent
Pangasius hypophthalmus
科學分類
界: 动物界
門: 脊索动物门 Chordata
綱: 辐鳍鱼纲Actinopterygii
目: 鲶形目Siluriformes
科: 巨鲶科Pangasiidae
屬: 巨鲶属Pangasius
Valenciennes, 1840
模式種
Pangasius buchanani
Valenciennes, 1840
Species

See text.

異名
  • Pseudopangasius Bleeker, 1862
  • Pseudolais Vaillant, 1902
  • Neopangasius Popta, 1904
  • Pteropangasius Fowler, 1937
  • Sinopangasius Chang & Wu, 1965

巨鲶属学名Pangasius)是原产亚洲的巨鯰科 的一个

分类学[编辑]

1993年, 巨鲶属Pangasius是 巨鲶科 的两个属之一(另一个是螺巨鲶属Helicophagus)。现在,巨鲶科已经扩展为四个属。巨鲶属Pangasius (Pangasianodon)包括P. gigas and P. hypophthalmus and was diagnosed by the absence of mandibular barbels, the absence of teeth in adults and the presence of a single-lobed swimbladder. 巨鲶属Pangasius (Pteropangasius) 则包括 P. micronema and P. pleurotaenia and was diagnosed by four lobes in the swimbladder and with multiple segments in the last lobe. 巨鲶属Pangasius (Neopangasius) 包括 P. nieuwenhuisii, P. humeralis, P. lithostoma, P. kinabatanganensis, diagnosed by palatal teeth arranged in a single large patch and high vertebral counts. 巨鲶属Pangasius (Pangasius) was the final subgenus and had no diagnostic features, containing the remaining species.[1] These subgeneric classifications were confirmed in 2000 except for Neopangasius, found to be polyphyletic and to be part of 巨鲶属 (Pangasius), thus leaving three subgenera.[1]

Since then, the subgenera have been variably recognized as separate. P. gigas and P. hypophthalmus have been classified in the genus Pangasianodon, and P. micronemus and P. pleurotaenia in the genus Pseudolais (with Pteropangasius as a junior synonym).[2]

2011年, 巨鲶属Pangasius 是美国 国家渔业学会 的美国消费量最高的海产品的第六名。该排名是按照鱼类消费的总重量计算的。根据渔也学会数据,这种味道温和的白色肉鱼产于亚洲,消费量逐渐增加。巨鲶属也在餐馆菜单和商店中变得越来越常见了,有时他们被称作basa, tra, or swai. 在台灣以多利魚片或鲂魚片等冷凍魚片的型式銷售。

[编辑]

目前本属共有21个种 [3]

化石[编辑]

The single fossil species of this genus, P. indicus, is reported from the Paleocene period of Sipang, Sumatra, either from the Eocene or the Oligocene.[2]

Wikispecies-logo.svg
维基物种中的分类信息:

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Gustiano, R.; Teugels, G. G.; Pouyaud, L. Revision of the Pangasius kunyit catfish complex, with description of two new species from South-East Asia (Siluriformes; Pangasiidae). Journal of Natural History. 2003, 37 (3): 357–376. doi:10.1080/713834687. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Ferraris, Carl J., Jr. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types (PDF). Zootaxa. 2007, 1418: 1–628. 
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Pangasius in FishBase. 2012年February月版本.