帕布維斯鱷屬

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帕布維斯鱷屬
化石時期: 白堊紀晚期
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
綱: 蜥形綱 Sauropsida
亞綱: 雙孔亞綱 Diapsida
下綱: 主龍形下綱 Archosauromorpha
總目: 鱷形超目 Crocodylomorpha
西貝鱷類 Sebecosuchia
科: 波羅鱷科 Baurusuchidae
屬: 帕布維斯鱷屬 Pabwehshi
Wilson et al., 2001
模式種
巴基斯坦帕布維斯鱷
Pabwehshi pakistanensis

Wilson et al., 2001

帕布維斯鱷屬(屬名:Pabwehshi)是鱷形超目波羅鱷科的一屬。正模標本(編號GSP-UM 2000)是一個部分上頜與下頜。化石發現於巴基斯坦俾路支省的Pab組地層,地質年代相當於白堊紀晚期的馬斯垂克階。帕布維斯鱷是第一個發現於南亞的白堊紀鱷形類。牠們的嘴部牙齒互相交錯,邊緣成鋸齒狀。

在2001年,傑佛瑞·威爾森(Jeffrey A. Wilson)等人將這些化石敘述、命名。模式種巴基斯坦帕布維斯鱷P. pakistanensis) ,屬名意為「Pab的野獸」,wehshi烏爾都語意為「野獸」[1]

在早期分類法裡,帕布維斯鱷被歸類於波羅鱷科,是犬齒鱷波羅鱷的近親[1][2][3][4][5][6]。在2007年,其他研究人員發現帕布維斯鱷與西貝鱷類佩羅鱷科有相似處[7]。在2011年,Montefeltro等人發現帕布維斯鱷的上頜顎部有個矢狀隆起部,這是種波羅鱷科的特徵,但他們沒有提出帕布維斯鱷在種系發生學上的演化、分類位置[8]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Wilson, Jeffrey A.; Malkani, M. Sadiq; and Gingerich, Philip D. New crocodyliform (Reptilia, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Upper Cretaceous Pab Formation of Vitakri, Balochistan (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan. 2001, 30 (12): 321–336. 
  2. ^ Turner, A.H.; and Calvo, J.O. A new sebecosuchian crocodyliform from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 2005, 25 (1): 87–98. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2005)025[0087:ANSCFT]2.0.CO;2. 
  3. ^ Paulo Miranda Nascimento and Hussam Zaher. A new species of Baurusuchus (Crocodyliformes, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Upper Cretaceous of Brazil, with the first complete postcranial skeleton described from the family Baurusuchidae. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia. 2010, 50 (21): 323‑361. 
  4. ^ Turner, A.H.; and Sertich, J.W. Phylogenetic history of Simosuchus clarki (Crocodyliformes: Notosuchia) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 2010, 30 (6, Memoir 10): 177–236. doi:10.1080/02724634.2010.532348. 
  5. ^ Ismar De Souza Carvalho, Vicente De Paula Antunes Teixeira, Mara Lúcia Da Fonseca Ferraz, Luiz Carlos Borges Ribeiro, Agustín Guillermo Martinelli, Francisco Macedo Neto, Joseph J. W. Sertich, Gabriel Cardoso Cunha, Isabella Cardoso Cunha and Partícia Fonseca Ferraz. Campinasuchus dinizi gen. et sp. nov., a new Late Cretaceous baurusuchid (Crocodyliformes) from the Bauru Basin, Brazil. Zootaxa. 2011, 2871: 19–42. 
  6. ^ Diego Pol and Jaime E. Powell. A new sebecid mesoeucrocodylian from the Rio Loro Formation (Palaeocene) of north-western Argentina. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2011, 163: S7–S36. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2011.00714.x. 
  7. ^ Larsson, H. C. E.; and Sues, H.-D. Cranial osteology and phylogenetic relationships of Hamadasuchus rebouli (Crocodyliformes: Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Cretaceous of Morocco. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2007, 149 (4): 533–567. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2007.00271.x. 
  8. ^ Montefeltro, F.C.; Larsson, H.C.E.; and Langer, M.C. A New Baurusuchid (Crocodyliformes, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil and the Phylogeny of Baurusuchidae. In Farke, Andrew Allen. PLoS ONE. 2011, 6 (7): e21916. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021916. PMC 3135595. PMID 21765925.