帕皮阿门托语

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帕皮阿门托语
Papiamentu
使用国家和地区 阿鲁巴岛, 库拉索岛荷蘭(博奈尔岛)
区域 加勒比海島嶼
当地使用人数 329,000(日期不详)
語系
克里奥尔语
  • 基于葡萄牙语的克里奥尔语‎和皮钦语[1]
    • 帕皮阿门托语
官方地位
作为官方语言 阿鲁巴 阿鲁巴岛,
荷屬安地列斯 荷属安的列斯
語言代碼
ISO 639-2 pap
ISO 639-3 pap

帕皮阿门托语(Papiamento (阿鲁巴),或者Papiamentu (博奈尔和库拉索)),是流行于荷屬加勒比地區阿鲁巴岛博奈尔岛库拉索岛三岛中的一种克里奥尔语,也是这三岛的官方语言之一。

其词汇受西班牙语葡萄牙语的影响最深,大约有60%,另外有约25%的词汇来自荷兰语,剩下的词汇受非洲语言和阿拉瓦克语影响。

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Also disputed whether it is a Spanish Creole or an Iberian Creole

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Eva Eckkrammer: How to Pave the Way for the Emancipation of a Creole Language. Papiamentu, or What Can a Literature Do for its Language. In: Hoogbergen, Wim (ed.). Born Out of Resistance. On Caribbean Cultural Creativity. Utrecht: Isor-Publications, 1994, 359-365.
  • Eva Eckkrammer: The Standardisation of Papiamentu: New Trends, Problems and Perspectives. In: Dazzi Gross, Anna-Alice / Lorenza Mondada (eds.). Les langues minoritaires en contexte. Minderheitensprachen im Kontext. Bd. I. Les langues minoritaires entre diversité et standardisation. Minderheitensprachen zwischen Vielfalt und Standardisierung. Neuchâtel: Institut de linguistique de l´Université de Neuchâtel (= Bulletin suisse de linguistique appliquée 69/1), 1999, 59-74.
  • Eva Eckkrammer: Papiamentu, Cultural Resistance, and Socio-Cultural Challenges: The ABC Islands in a Nutshell. In: Journal of Caribbean Literatures 5/1, 2007, 73-93.
  • Quint, Nicolas. 2000. Le Cap-Verdien: Origines et devenir d’une langue métisse. Paris: L’Harmattan
  • Jacobs, Bart. 2008. "Papiamentu: A diachronic analysis of its core morphology". Phrasis 2008 (2), 59-82.
  • Jacobs, Bart. 2009a. “The Upper Guinea origins of Papiamentu. Linguistic and historical evidence”. Diachronica 26:3, 319-379.
  • Jacobs, Bart. 2009b. "The origins of Old Portuguese features in Papiamentu". In: Nicholas Faraclas, Ronald Severing, Christa Weijer & Liesbeth Echteld (eds.), Leeward voices: Fresh perspectives on Papiamentu and the literatures and cultures of the ABC Islands. Volume 1, 11-38. Curaçao: FPI/UNA.
  • Jacobs, Bart. 2012. Origins of a creole: The history of Papiamentu and its African ties. Berlin: de Gruyter.
  • Efraim Frank Martinus (1996) The Kiss of a Slave: Papiamentu's West-African Connections. University of Amsterdam Press.
  • Gary Fouse (2002) The Story of Papiamentu. New York: University Press of America
  • John H. Holm (1989) Pidgins and Creoles Volume One. Theory and Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Sidney Joubert & Matthias Perl (2007). "The Portuguese Language on Curação and Its Role in the Formation of Papiamentu", Journal of Caribbean Literatures, 5:1, 43-60.
  • John McWhorter (2000) The Missing Spanish Creoles: Recovering the Birth of Plantation Contact Language. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Gerard van Buurt & Sidney M Joubert (1997) Stemmen uit het Verleden, Indiaanse Woorden in het Papiamentu. Curaçao

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