情感用词变化

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修辞学中的情感用词变化英语Emotive conjugation),是一种不规则动词的变位,目的是粉饰人类的癖好,把自己同样的行为描述得比别人更好。[1]1948年哲学家伯特兰·罗素首次在BBC广播节目The Brains Trust中提出了此概念[2],因此也称作罗素用词变化。罗素在节目中举了这些例子[3]

I am firm, You are obstinate, He is a pig-headed fool.

I am righteously indignant, you are annoyed, he is making a fuss over nothing.

I have reconsidered the matter, you have changed your mind, he has gone back on his word.

可以像扣帽子的情感用词变化[3],通过含糊一个争论的謬論错误支持某观点。这种用词结构也是一种幽默[4]英國廣播公司電視情景喜剧《首相你想點》中的伯纳德·伍利这样说:[5][6]

It's one of those irregular verbs, isn't it?
I have an independent mind, You are eccentric, He is round the twist.[6]

That's another of those irregular verbs, isn't it?
I give confidential press briefings; you leak; he's being charged under section 2A of the Official Secrets Act.[7]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Ralph Henry Johnson, J. Anthony Blair. Logical self-defense. 2006: 160 "The Freeloading Term". ISBN 978-1-932716-18-4. 
  2. ^ Robert Audi (编). Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy 2nd. Cambridge University Press. 1999: 223. ISBN 978-0-521-63136-5. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Douglas N. Walton. Fundamentals of critical argumentation. Cambridge University Press. 2006: 220. ISBN 978-0-521-82319-7. 
  4. ^ Antony J. Chapman, Hugh C. Foot. Humor and laughter: theory, research, and applications. 1996: 86. ISBN 978-1-56000-837-8. 
  5. ^ Jonathan Lynn, Antony Jay. The Complete Yes Minister. BBC Books. 1984. ISBN 0-563-20665-9. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Yes, Prime Minister: The Bishop's Gambit
  7. ^ Yes, Prime Minister: Man Overboard

外部链接[编辑]