愛麗絲·華克

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愛麗絲·華克
Alice Walker

沃克在2007年
出生 1944年02月09日 (1944-02-09)(70歲)
 美國喬治亞州普特南縣
職業 小说家,短篇小说作家,诗人,政治活动家
創作時期 1968年–至今
體裁 非裔美国文学
代表作 紫色姐妹花
獎項

普立茲小說獎
1983

美國國家圖書獎
1983
配偶 Melvyn Rosenman Leventhal (1967年结婚,1976年离婚)
子女 Rebecca Walker
伴侶 Robert Allen,特蕾西·查普曼

http://alicewalkersgarden.com/
愛麗絲·華克在1989年的邁阿密國際書展

愛麗絲·華克英语Alice Walker,1944年2月9日),是一位美國作家和社会活动家,曾獲普立茲小說獎美國國家圖書獎[1][2][3],代表作為《紫色姐妹花》,史蒂芬·史匹柏曾將其改編為同名電影

早期生活[编辑]

愛麗絲·華克出生於喬治亞州的一個小鎮[4],有兄弟姊妹八人,她最小。母親為幫傭[5],從小便必須打理家務[6]。八歲時因哥哥不慎導致右眼失明[7]。曾任教於加州大學,致力介紹非洲作家,並長期關注民權、婦女運動。

个人生活[编辑]

1965年,沃克与犹太民权律师Melvyn Rosenman Leventhal相遇。他们1967年3月17日在纽约市结婚。那年晚些时候夫妇搬迁到密西西比州杰克逊,成为“密西西比第一对合法结婚的跨种族夫妇”。[8][9]他们受到白人的骚扰和威胁,包括三K党。他们夫妇1969年生了一个女儿Rebecca。沃克和她的丈夫于1976年离婚。[10]

90年代中期,沃克与女创作歌手特蕾西·查普曼开始了一段恋情。[11][12]

作品[编辑]

小说和短篇故事集[编辑]

  • The Third Life of Grange Copeland (1970)
  • In Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women (1973)
  • Meridian (1976)
  • 紫色姐妹花》 (1982)
  • You Can't Keep a Good Woman Down: Stories (1982)
  • To Hell With Dying (1988)
  • The Temple of My Familiar (1989)
  • Finding the Green Stone (1991)
  • Possessing the Secret of Joy (1992)
  • The Complete Stories (1994)
  • By The Light of My Father's Smile (1998)
  • The Way Forward Is with a Broken Heart (2000)
  • Now Is the Time to Open Your Heart (2004) Random House ISBN 9781588363961

诗集[编辑]

  • Once (1968)
  • Revolutionary Petunias and Other Poems (1973)
  • Good Night, Willie Lee, I'll See You in the Morning (1979)
  • Horses Make a Landscape Look More Beautiful (1985)
  • Her Blue Body Everything We Know: Earthling Poems (1991)
  • Absolute Trust in the Goodness of the Earth (2003)
  • A Poem Traveled Down My Arm: Poems And Drawings (2003)
  • Collected Poems (2005)
  • Hard Times Require Furious Dancing: New Poems

非小说类书籍[编辑]

  • In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens: Womanist Prose (1983)
  • Living by the Word (1988)
  • Warrior Marks (1993)
  • The Same River Twice: Honoring the Difficult (1996)
  • Anything We Love Can Be Saved: A Writer's Activism (1997)
  • Go Girl!: The Black Woman's Book of Travel and Adventure (1997)
  • Pema Chodron and Alice Walker in Conversation (1999)
  • Sent By Earth: A Message from the Grandmother Spirit After the Bombing of the World Trade Center and Pentagon (2001)
  • We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For (2006)
  • Overcoming Speechlessness (2010)
  • Chicken Chronicles, A Memoir (2011)

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • 愛麗絲·華克著,施寄青譯:《紫色姐妹花》(台北:大地出版社,1976)
  • White, Evelyn C. Alice Walker: A Life. W. W. Norton & Company. 2005. ISBN 978-0-393-32826-4. 
  • Walker, Alice; Parmar, Pratibha. Warrior Marks: Female Genital Mutilation and the Sexual Blinding of Women. Diane Books Publishing Company. 1993. ISBN 978-0-7881-5581-9. 

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ "National Book Awards - 1983". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
    (With essays by Anna Clark and Tarayi Jones from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
  2. ^ From 1980 to 1983 there were dual hardcover and paperback awards of the National Book Award for Fiction. Walker won the award for hardcover fiction.
  3. ^ "Fiction". Past winners and finalists by category. The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
  4. ^ Logue, Victoria and Logue, Frank. Touring the Backroads of North and South Georgia. Winston-Salem NC: John F. Blair. 1997. 165. ISBN 978-0-89587-171-8. 
  5. ^ World Authors 1995-2000, 2003. Biography Reference Bank database. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  6. ^ Walker, Alice. Alice Walker. The Tavis Smiley Show. The Smiley Group. May 6, 2010. 
  7. ^ Walker, Alice. Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self. Kingsberry. 2006 [2012-08-29]. 
  8. ^ Driscoll, Margarette. The day feminist icon Alice Walker resigned as my mother. The Times (London). May 4, 2008. 
  9. ^ Inner Light in a Time of Darkness: A Conversation with Author and Poet Alice Walker. Democracy Now!. November 17, 2006 [2007-06-14](原始内容存档于June 13, 2007). 
  10. ^ Krum, Sharon. Can I survive having a baby? Will I lose myself ... ?. The Guardian (London). May 26, 2007. 
  11. ^ Wajid, Sara. No Retreat. The Guardian (London). December 15, 2006 [2013-05-26]. 
  12. ^ No retreat. The Guardian. 

外部链接[编辑]