拐杖

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使用腋下拐杖

拐杖是由腿轉移體重到上身的殘障輔助工具。人們因為短期受傷至長期殘障而未能用他們雙腿去支撐其身體,因此使用拐杖代步。

種類[编辑]

典型的前臂拐杖

拐杖大致分為數種。

前臂杖(Forearm) 
也称洛氏拐(Lofstrand crutch)a type of crutch with a cuff at the top to go around the forearm, also known as the Lofstrand crutch. It has been the type most commonly used in Europe.[來源請求] Forearm crutch is used by inserting the arm into a cuff and holding the grip. The cuff, typically made of plastic or metal, can be a half-circle or a full circle with a V-type opening in the front allowing the forearm to slip out in case of a fall.
腋下杖 (Underarm) 
or axilla crutch. It is used by placing the pad against the ribcage beneath the armpit and holding the grip, which is below and parallel to the pad.
平台杖(Platform crutch) 
又称“类风湿杖”,這類拐杖較少見,對象為關節炎腦癱用家。
腳部支撐(Leg Support) 
也称“腿支撑架”,這些非傳統拐杖對單腿受傷或殘廢的用家十分有用。

代替工具[编辑]

膝代步車輪椅都是不能使用拐杖和不喜歡使用拐杖的代替品。但這些代替工具不能在梯級中使用。

使用物料[编辑]

  1. 合金
  2. 复合材料
  3. 热塑性塑料
  4. 碳纖維增強聚合物

參見[编辑]

参考来源[编辑]