台約爾

维基百科,自由的百科全书
(重定向自撒母耳·台約爾
跳转至: 导航搜索
撒母耳·台約爾
台約爾的 1833年 金属活字版马太福音
澳门基督教墳場的台约爾墓碑

撒母耳·戴耳(Samuel Dyer,1804年-1843年),十九世纪来华基督教传教士牧师,基督教傳教士戴德生外父。1804年生于英国格林威治[1]。父亲约翰·戴耳是英国海军军官。撒母耳在1822年成为基督徒。1927年在英国被授予神职。1827年被伦敦会派往南洋向华侨传教;3月10日,离英国前往槟榔屿,8月8日抵达。撒母耳在槟榔屿用大量时间研究和完善汉字的金属活字,他设计和铸造的三千个金属汉字活字,十分精美,准确,实用[2]。他还出版过一本汉字活字体型选编《作印集字》。台约尔在1828年底前往马六甲负责英華書院的印刷所事务,同时铸造中文活字陽文鋼模、陰文銅模、以便铸造汉字金屬活字。1839年,英國倫敦傳道會傳教士理雅各馬六甲英華書院及其印書廠的華文活字连同三千多个活字钢模和印刷機器,全部遷往香港。香港首份華文報章《遐邇貫珍》就是用英華書院的漢字活版印刷廠印刷發行的。當時台约尔设计由英華書院鑄造的中文活字,世界聞名:俄國沙王欽差大臣、法國巴黎學會、新加坡政府、太平天國兩廣總督上海道台、清廷總理衙門等,都先後購買過英華書院鑄造的中文活字,或全套活字銅模,是為西人鑄造的中文鉛字傳入中國之始。

1843年7月18日,台约尔前往香港出席伦敦会的会议,并参加圣经翻译事宜大会,被任命为大会秘书。会后返回新加坡,不幸途中犯病,于10月24日在澳门不治逝世;遗体埋葬在澳门基督教墳場马礼逊墓旁[3]

著作[编辑]

  • 《论天》 1835年 槟榔屿
  • 《福音总论》 1839年
  • "Vocabulary of Hokkien Dialect", 1838, Singapore.
  • A Selection of Three Thousand Characters bing the most important in the Chinese Language.《作印集字》 1834, 马六甲。
  • "Aesop's Fables" (in Hokkien, 1843)

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 伟烈亚力原著 倪文君译《1867年以前来华基督教传教士列传及著作目录》58页 广西师范大学出版社 2011
  2. ^ Ride, Lindsay (1996). An East India Company Cemetery: Protestant Burials in Macao. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press
  3. ^ 伟烈亚力原著 倪文君译《1867年以前来华基督教传教士列传及著作目录》59页 广西师范大学出版社 2011

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Davies, Evan. The Memoir of Samuel Dyer: Sixteen Years Missionary to the Chinese. London: John Snow. 1846. 
  • Broomhall, Alfred James. Hudson Taylor and China’s Open Century Volume One: Barbarians At The Gates. London: Hodder and Stoughton. 1892. 
  • Buckley, Charles Burton. An Anecdotal History of Old Times in Singapore 1819-1867. 
  • Bridgman, Elijah Coleman. The Chinese Repository Vol XXII. Canton. 1843. 
  • Ride, Lindsay. An East India Company Cemetery: Protestant Burials in Macao. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. 1996. 
  • Reed, Christopher A.. Gutenberg in Shanghai: Chinese Print Capitalism, 1876-1937. UBC Press. 2004. ISBN 0-7748-1041-6. 
  • Alexander Wylie, Memorials of Protestant Missionaries to the Chinese:Giving a List of their Publications and Obituary Notices of the Deceased, American Presbyterian Mission Press, Shanghai 1867
  • Taylor, James Hudson III, Chang, Irene; Even to Death - The Life and Legacy of Samuel Dyer. Hong Kong: OMF Books, 2009.
  • Stronach, John; The blessedness of those who die in the Lord: a sermon occasioned by the death of the Rev. Samuel Dyer, missionary to the Chinese, (which took place at Macao 24 October 1843): preached in the New Mission Chapel, Singapore, November 9, 1843, by John Stronach, Mr. Dyer's colleague in the Chinese Mission at Singapore ; with a sketch of Mr. Dyer's life and character by his widow. Singapore: Mission Press, 1843.
  • Biographical Dictionary of Christian Mission
  • Broomhall, AJ, Hudson Taylor and China’s Open Century Vol I, II, III, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1981
  • Griffiths, Valerie, Not Less Than Everything, Monarch Books & OMF International, Oxford, 2004
  • Ismail, Ibrahim bin, Samuel Dyer and His Contributions to Chinese Typography; Library Quarterly, v54 n2 p157-69 Apr 1984
  • Latourette, Kenneth Scott, A History of Christian Missions in China, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1929
  • Lovett, Richard, The History of the London Missionary Society 1795 – 1895 Vol II, Henry Frowde, London, 1899
  • Register of LMS Missionaries, 1796–1923, Prepared by James Sibree, LMS, London, 1923
  • Sng, Bobby, In His Good Time: The Story of the Church in Singapore, Bible Society of Singapore, 2003
  • Historical Bibliography of the China Inland Mission