日文量詞

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日文量詞是在日語裡所用的量詞。和中文一樣連結著數詞名詞的語素。日文的量詞最常被使用的為:

傳統量詞表[编辑]

數字 日文 發音 (羅馬拼音) 發音 (平假名)
1 一つ hitotsu ひとつ
2 二つ futatsu ふたつ
3 三つ mittsu みっつ
4 四つ yottsu よっつ
5 五つ itsutsu いつつ
6 六つ muttsu むっつ
7 七つ nanatsu ななつ
8 八つ yattsu やっつ
9 九つ kokonotsu ここのつ
10 とお
20 二十 hatachi はたち

其他量詞表[编辑]

發音 日文 用法
People and Things
ぶ、bu 報紙或形容疊紙
だい、dai 車、腳踏車、機械
はい、hai, ぱい、pai, ばい、bai 量杯、飲料、湯匙、海鮮
ひき、hiki, ぴき、piki, びき、biki 小動物如貓狗、魚、蟲或兩棲類等
ほん、hon, ぽん、pon, ぼん、bon 長而細的東西如街道、筆、瓶罐。
かい、kai, がい、gai 層數
こ、ko , , , or General measure word, used when there is no specific counter. 個 is also used for military units.
まい、mai 細而薄如紙張、照片、衣服
めい、mei People (polite) (名 means "name")
めん、men Mirrors, boards for board games (chess, igo, shogi), stages of computer games, walls of a room, tennis courts
にん、nin People (but see table of exceptions below)
り、ri り or People, used in the words 一人 (ひとり) and 二人 (ふたり)
さい、sai (or ) 歲數
さつ、satsu 書本
つ、tsu General-purpose counter, used as part of the indigenous Japanese numbers 一つ ("one thing"), 二つ ("two things"), 三つ ("three things"), etc.
わ、wa Stories, episodes of TV series, etc.
Time, Calendar, etc.
びょう、byō
ふん、fun, ぷん、pun 分鐘
がつ、gatsu, also つき、tsuki
はく、haku, ぱく、paku 旅途所停留的夜晚
じ、ji 小時
じかん、jikan 時間 Hour-long periods
か、ka 日子
かげつ、kagetsu ヶ月, 箇月 Month-long periods (see also: gatsu). 箇 is normally abbreviated using a small katakana in modern Japanese. Alternatively 個, hiragana か, small katakana ヵ and full-size katakana カ & ケ can also be seen, although only か is similarly frequent.
ねん、nen Years, school years (grades); not years of age
にち、nichi Days of the month (but see table of exceptions below)
しゅう、shū Weeks
Extent, Frequency, etc.
ばい、bai Multiples, -fold as in "twofold"
ばん、ban Position, turn, sports matches
ど、do, also たび、tabi Occurrences, number of times, degrees of temperature or angle (see also: kai).
じょう、jō Tatami mats. The kanji 畳 is also read tatami and is the same one used for the mats. The room size of a washitsu in Japan is given as a number of mats, for example 4½
かい、kai Occurrences, number of times (see also: do)