明恩溥

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明恩溥英语Arthur Henderson Smith,1845年7月18日-1932年8月31日),原名阿瑟·亨德森·史密斯美国公理会来华传教士

1872年受美国公理会派遣来华,先后居住于天津山东等地,兼任上海字林西报》通讯员。1880年,明恩溥在山东省西北部的恩县庞庄建立传教工作。1905年辞去教职,留居通州写作。1926年返回美国。他在华生活54年,熟悉下层人民生活,热爱中国,是最早向美国总统老罗斯福建议退还中国庚子赔款的人[1]。著有多部关于中国的书籍,有《中国人的性格》(Chinese Characteristics)(1899年出版)、《中国乡村生活》、《今日的中国和美国》等。《中国人的性格》一书曾被鲁迅向国人郑重推荐。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Boxer Rebellion Indemnity:the overture of Chinese students coming to the United States. Beloit College. [2011-11-17] (英文). "In 1906, the pioneer American missionary and a Beloit graduate of class of 1867, Arthur H. Smith, suggested a Chinese Student Educational Plan to President Roosevelt. The main point of the plan was to return part of 'the Boxer Rebellion Indemnity Fund to the Chinese government to be used to develop higher education in China, particularly by sending Chinese students to American colleges, where they would study American institutions and practices which, upon returning to China, they could help inculcate into Chinese life.' (The Round Table, November 8, 1918, p.2) Becoming very interested in this plan, President Roosevelt conferred with Chinese authorities and suggested it to Congress." 

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