最近類地太陽系外行星列表

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最近類地太陽系外行星列表中包含距離地球50光年內的類地岩石太陽系外行星系統。

他們主要可能由矽酸鹽岩石和(或)金屬所構成。類地行星在太陽系中是最接近太陽的內行星

大多數列表中的行星的陸地成分尚未有科學共識,表中僅列出可能的陸地成分。

2012年9月,天文學家宣布[1][2] 發現兩個行星環繞格利澤163[3],其中一顆格利澤163c,質量約地球的6.9倍,比地球還熱,被認為位於適居帶[1][2]

名稱 圖片 質量(M) 半徑(R) 密度 表面重力 (g) 表面溫度 半長軸 (AU) 離心率 地球相似指數 適居性 參考 主星 太陽的距離(ly)
半人馬座α Bb
Artist’s impression of the planet around Alpha Centauri B (Annotated).jpg
1.1 1200 K 0.04 公轉軌道太過接近恆星 半人馬座α B 4.23
葛利斯876d[4]
Artist’s view of an exoplanet inspired by the discovery of Gliese 876 d.jpg
6.8 0.021 0.21 估計表面溫度: 157-377°C[5] [6] 葛利斯876 15
葛利斯581e
Planet Gliese 581 e.png
≥1.7 0.029 0 表面溫度過高,可能沒有大氣層存在 [7] 葛利斯581 20
葛利斯581c [8]
Planetary System in Gliese 581 (artist's impression).jpg
≥5.6 0.072 0 公轉軌道可能位於適居帶外側[9] [10] 葛利斯581 20
葛利斯581d [11]
Planet Gliese 581 d.png
≥5.6 2.34[12] 1.27[12] 233 K[12] 0,218 0 0.69[12] 可能是一顆海洋行星[12]位於適居帶中[13] [14] 葛利斯581 20
葛利斯667Cc[15][16] 5.24 1.99 1.32 302 K 0.82 位於適居帶中 [12] 葛利斯667C 22
室女座61b[17]
Artist concept 61vir b.png
≥5.1 0.050 0.12 公轉軌道太過接近恆星 [18] 室女座61 28
HD 85512 b[19]
HD 85512 b (Artists's impression).jpg
≥3.6 1.74[12] 1.33[12] 351 K[12] 0.26 0.11 0.76[12] 曾被認為是最適合人類居住的行星[12][20]直到發現葛利斯667Cc為止 [20] HD 85512 36
巨蟹座55e
Newneptune nasa big.jpg
8.6 0.016 0.17 公轉軌道太過接近恆星 [21] 巨蟹座55 40
HD 40307 b[22] ≥4.2 0.047 0 公轉軌道太過接近恆星 [23] HD 40307 42
HD 40307 c[22] ≥6.8 0.081 0 公轉軌道太過接近恆星 [23] HD 40307 42
HD 40307 d [24] ≥9.2 0.134 0 公轉軌道太過接近恆星 [25] HD 40307 42

參見[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Méndez, Abel. A Hot Potential Habitable Exoplanet around Gliese 163. University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo (Planetary Habitability Laboratory). August 29, 2012 [September 20, 2012]. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Nola Taylor Redd. Newfound Alien Planet a Top Contender to Host Life. Space.com. September 20, 2012 [September 20, 2012]. 
  3. ^ Staff. LHS 188 -- High proper-motion Star. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg(Strasbourg astronomical Data Center). September 20, 2012 [September 20, 2012]. 
  4. ^ Fogg, M. J.; Nelson, R. P. Oligarchic and giant impact growth of terrestrial planets in the presence of gas giant planet migration. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2005, 441 (2): 791–806. arXiv:astro-ph/0507180. Bibcode:2005A&A...441..791F. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20053453. 
  5. ^ Rivera, E. et al. (2005). "A ~7.5 M⊕ Planet Orbiting the Nearby Star, GJ 876". The Astrophysical Journal 634 (1): 625–640
  6. ^ Eugenio J. Rivera, Gregory Laughlin, R. Paul Butler, Steven S. Vogt, Nader Haghighipour, Stefano Meschiari (2010). \"The Lick-Carnegie Exoplanet Survey: A Uranus-mass Fourth Planet for GJ 876 in an Extrasolar Laplace Configuration\".
  7. ^ Vogt, S. S.; et al. (2010). \"The Lick-Carnegie Exoplanet Survey: A 3.1 M_Earth Planet in the Habitable Zone of the Nearby M3V Star Gliese 581
  8. ^ Valencia et al.; Sasselov, Dimitar D.; O'Connell, Richard J. Radius and Structure Models of the First Super-Earth Planet. The Astrophysical Journal. 2006, 656 (1): 545–551. arXiv:astro-ph/0610122. Bibcode:2007ApJ...656..545V. doi:10.1086/509800. 
  9. ^ von Bloh et al. (2007). "The Habitability of Super-Earths in Gliese 581". Astronomy and Astrophysics 476 (3): 1365–1371.
  10. ^ Vogt, S. S.; et al. (2010). \"The Lick-Carnegie Exoplanet Survey: A 3.1 M_Earth Planet in the Habitable Zone of the Nearby M3V Star Gliese 581\".
  11. ^ von Bloh, W.; Bounama, C.; Cuntz, M.; Franck, S. The Habitability of Super-Earths in Gliese 581. Astronomy & Astrophysics. 2007, 476 (3): 1365–1371. arXiv:0705.3758. Bibcode:2007A&A...476.1365V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20077939. 
  12. ^ 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 The Habitable Exoplanets Catalog. The values are just the best estimates and are subject to change.
  13. ^ M. Mayor, X. Bonfils, T. Forveille, X. Delfosse, S. Udry, J.-L. Bertaux, H. Beust, F. Bouchy, C. Lovis, F. Pepe, C. Perrier, D. Queloz, N. C. Santos (2009). "The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets,XVIII. An Earth-mass planet in the GJ 581 planetary system".
  14. ^ Vogt, S. S.; et al. (2010). \"The Lick-Carnegie Exoplanet Survey: A 3.1 M⊕ Planet in the Habitable Zone of the Nearby M3V Star Gliese 581
  15. ^ Bonfils; Delfosse; Udry; Forveille; Mayor; Perrier; Bouchy; Gillon .. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets XXXI. The M-dwarf sample. arXiv:1111.5019 [astro-ph.EP]. 2011. 
  16. ^ A Potential Habitable Exoplanet in a Nearby Triple Star System
  17. ^ Vogt, Steven; Wittenmyer; Paul Butler; Simon O'Toole; Henry; Rivera; Stefano Meschiari; Gregory Laughlin .. A Super-Earth and two Neptunes Orbiting the Nearby Sun-like star 61 Virginis. arXiv:0912.2599v1 [astro-ph.EP]. 2009. 
  18. ^ Vogt, Steven (2009). \"A Super-Earth and two Neptunes Orbiting the Nearby Sun-like star 61 Virginis
  19. ^ Kaltenegger, L; Udry, S; Pepe, F. A Habitable Planet around HD 85512?. 3561. 2011. arXiv:1108.3561. Bibcode:2011arXiv1108.3561K. 
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 Kaltenegger, L.; Udry, S.; Pepe, F. (2011). A Habitable Planet around HD 85512?
  21. ^ Rebekah et al.; Fabrycky (2010-05-21). \"Radial velocity planets de-aliased. A new, short period for Super-Earth 55 Cnc e\". The Astrophysical Journal 722: 937–953
  22. ^ 22.0 22.1 M. Mayor, S. Udry, C. Lovis, F. Pepe, D. Queloz, W. Benz, J.-L. Bertaux, F. Bouchy, C. Mordasini, D. Segransan. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets. XIII. A planetary system with 3 Super-Earths (4.2, 6.9, & 9.2 Earth masses). Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2009, 493 (2): 639–644. arXiv:0806.4587. Bibcode:2009A&A...493..639M. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810451. 
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  24. ^ Barnes, R., Jackson, B., Raymond, S., West, A., Greenberg, R. The HD 40307 Planetary System: Super-Earths or Mini-Neptunes?. The Astrophysical Journal. 2009, 695 (2): 1006. arXiv:0901.1698. Bibcode:2009ApJ...695.1006B. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/695/2/1006. 
  25. ^ M. Mayor, S. Udry, C. Lovis, F. Pepe, D. Queloz, W. Benz, J.-L. Bertaux, F. Bouchy, C. Mordasini, D. Segransan (2009). \"The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets. XIII. A planetary system with 3 Super-Earths (4.2, 6.9, & 9.2 Earth masses)\". Astronomy and Astrophysics 493 (2): 639–644.