杉原千畝

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杉原千畝
Sugihara b.jpg
出生 1900年1月1日(1900-01-01)
日本岐阜縣加茂郡八百津町
逝世 1986年07月31日 (86歲)
日本神奈川縣藤澤市
国籍  日本
教育程度 早稻田大學高等師範部
职业 外交官
配偶 菊池幸子
奖项 國際義人 (1985)
日語寫法
日語原文 杉原 千畝
假名 すぎはら ちうね
平文式罗马字 Sugihara Chiune


杉原千畝(1900年1月1日-1986年7月31日),日本岐阜縣出身,日本外交官,曾經是日本立陶宛代領事,在第二次世界大戰期間不顧外務省訓令,擅發日本過境簽証猶太人,總共發出了近2,150張簽証,拯救了逾6,000名猶太人(占當時立陶宛全國1/3猶太人),有“日本的辛德勒”之稱。

1945年日本投降後,杉原千畝成為戰俘,與家人在收容所待了一年,於1947年自歐洲返回日本,定居於神奈川縣藤澤市,被外務省誤解為與猶太人金錢交易而被免職。自此過着困苦生活,其家人亦接二連三的去世。

1968年,以色列駐日本大使館通報尋求杉原千畝,並且與曾經接受他幫助的猶太人見面。1985年,由以色列政府頒發國際義人予杉原千畝,以表揚他的行為,使到他的污名獲得平反。1986年7月31日,杉原千畝因心臟病逝世,享年86歲。

紀念[编辑]

  • 立陶宛首都維爾紐斯和第二大城考那斯的“杉原街”與小行星25893以杉原為名。
  • 2000年10月,日本外務省於外交資料館設立紀念碑,稱讚杉原為「具有勇氣做出人道行為的外交官」。杉原的故鄉岐阜縣加茂郡八百津町設立了杉原千畝紀念館。
  • 2005年10月,日本電視台播出電視劇《日本的辛德勒─杉原千畝的故事:來自日本的救命簽證》(日本のシンドラー杉原千畝物語・六千人の命のビザ),由反町隆史飾演杉原千畝。

参考文献[编辑]

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  • George Johnstone, “Japan's Sugihara came to Jews' rescue during WWII” in Investor's Business Daily, 8 December 2011.

相關條目[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]