果食主义

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果食主义素食主义的一种,主张植物同样具有不可践踏的生命,因此主义实践者只吃植物的果实。果食主义中关于果的定义来自于植物学而非日常用语,也就是说黄瓜、茄子、西红柿、辣椒等通常不归类于水果的植物学果实是可以食用的。

種類[编辑]

有些果食主義者只吃會從植物上自然掉落的食物,也就是不用傷害植物就能收割的食物[1][2][3] ,這些食物主要包括水果、堅果與種子[4] 。根據author Adam Gollner,有些果食主義者只吃已經掉落的果實 [5] 。也有一些不吃榖物的人,他們相信這是不自然的作法 [6] 。有些人則認為不應食用會長成植物[5]、堅果、種子[7] 及水果之前的一切植物的種子 [8] [9] 。還有人相信應該只吃會在被吃掉後散播種子的植物 [10]。 一些果食主義者採用植物學的定義食用包括豆科植物在內的果實。也有包括生果、果乾、蜂蜜、橄欄油在內[11],或食用水果、堅果、種子及巧克力的人[12]

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought, Rod Preece, UBC Press, 2008, "Since plants have life, it is necessary, if one is not to starve, to live from the fruit of the plant in such a manner that the host plant itself does not die."
  2. ^ Nutrition for the recreational athlete, Catherine G. Ratzin Jackson, page 95, “The fruitarian diet usually consists of consuming those parts of the plant that are cast off or dropped from the plant and that do not involve the destruction of the plant itself.”, 249 page, CRC Press, 1995, ISBN 0-8493-7914-8, ISBN 978-0-8493-7914-7
  3. ^ Handbook Of Pediatric Nutrition, Patricia Samour, “A fruitarian diet consists of only fruits. Any plant food that is botanically a fruit or can be obtained without killing or harming the plant is considered a fruit." Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2003, page 143.
  4. ^ The Vegetarian Society UK — Information Sheet — Definitions. Vegsoc.org. 2014-07-22 [2014-08-09]. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 'The Fruit Hunters, Adam Leith Gollne, "Some factions eat only fallen fruit. Others refuse to eat any seeds because they contain future plants."
  6. ^ Raw Food Explained. Human Dietetic Character, I — Are We Grain Eaters?. Rawfoodexplained.com. [2014-08-09]. 
  7. ^ The Ascensional Science of Spiritualizing Fruitarian Dietetics, Dr Johnny Lovewisdom, Ecuador: International University of the Natural Vitalogical Sciences, 1999, Introduction: "Nature is betrayed when man ingests the seeds of plants, depriving them of their means of propagating their own species"; chapter: Sugar & Starch-Friends Or Foes? "grains, nuts and other seeds are wrong as food sources"
  8. ^ To Those Considering A Fruitarian Diet. Beyondveg.com. [2014-08-09]. 
  9. ^ "Ascensional Science teaches the damaging effects of chlorophyll leafage, earthly roots and lower passion producing seeds. We are healed by levitational forces in fruit sugars and acids." Introduction to Ascensional Science of Spiritualizing Fruitarian Dietetics, Johnny Lovewisdom, International University of the Natural Vitalogical Sciences, 1999
  10. ^ Living and Raw Foods: Alternative Eating Plans - USA TODAY. Living-foods.com. [2014-08-09]. 
  11. ^ Food, nutrition, and diet therapy: a textbook of nutritional care, Marie V. Krause, "The fruitarian diet consists of only raw or dried fruits, nuts, honey and olive oil." page 343, Saunders, 1984, Original from the University of Michigan, Digitized Aug 19, 2008, ISBN 0-7216-5514-9, ISBN 978-0-7216-5514-7
  12. ^ Handbook of Sunfood Living: Resource Guide for Global Health, John McCabe, North Atlantic Books, 2008, "other fruitarians also consumer cucumbers, olives, tomatoes, peppers, squash, beans, melon, avocadoes, berries, grapes, figs, dates, carob, chocolate, goji berries, nuts and even coconuts."