染色体数目

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此页胪列若干植物动物寄生生物及其他生物的二倍体(2n)的染色体数目。

物种 学名 二倍体染色体数目 附注
African Wild Dog非洲野狗 Lycaon pictus 78[1]
Alfalfa紫花苜蓿 Medicago sativa 32[2] 培植的紫花苜蓿是四倍体, 2n=4x=32。野生物种是 2n=16.[2]
American Badger美洲獾 Taxidea taxus 32
American Marten美洲貂 Martes americana 38
American Mink美洲水貂 Neovison vison 30
Aquatic Rat泽鼠 Anotomys leander 92[3] 与渔鼠 Ichthyomys pittieri并列为染色体数目最高的哺乳动物。
Thale Cress塔勒水芹 Arabidopsis thaliana 10
Barley大麦 Hordeum vulgare 14[2]
Bat-eared Fox蝠耳狐 Otocyon megalotis 72[1]
Bean Phaseolus sp. 22[2] 此种所有种类之染色体数目相同,包括 P. vulgaris, P. coccineus, P. acutifolis, and P. lunatus.[2]
Beaver海狸 (American) Castor canadensis 40
Beaver海狸 (Eurasian) Castor fiber 48
Beech Marten比奇貂 Martes foina 38
Bengal Fox孟加拉狐 Vulpes bengalensis 60
Bittersweet nightshade Solanum dulcamara 24[4][5]
Black nightshade龙葵 Solanum nigrum 72[6]
Moonworts,阴地蕨 Botrychium 90
Nagaho-no-natsu-no-hana-warabi,勁直蕨萁 Botrypus strictus 88 B. strictus and B. virginianus have been shown to be paraphyletic in the genus Botrypus
Rattlesnake fern,响尾蛇蕨 Botrypus virginianus 184[7]
Cabbage卷心菜 Brassica oleracea 18[2] Broccoli, cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, brussels sprouts, and cauliflower are all the same species and have the same chromosome number.[2]
Cannabis Cannabis sativa 20
Carp鲤鱼 104
Capuchin Monkey卷尾猴 Cebus x 54[8]
Cat Felis catus 38
Chicken Gallus gallus domesticus 78
Chimpanzee黑猩猩 Pan troglodytes 48 [9]
Chinchilla栗鼠 Chinchilla lanigera 64 [10]
Coati浣熊mundi 38
Cotton棉花 Gossypium hirsutum 52[2] 2n=4x; Cultivated upland cotton is derived from an allotetraploid
Cow Bos primigenius 60
Coyote Canis latrans 78[1]
Deer Mouse鹿鼠 Peromyscus maniculatus 48
Dhole Cuon alpinus 78
Dingo野狗 Canis lupus dingo 78[1]
Dog Canis lupus familiaris 78[11] 76 autosomal and 2 sexual.[12]
Dolphin海豚 Delphinidae Delphis 44
Donkey驴子 Equus africanus asinus 62
Dove鸽子 78[13] Based on African collared dove
Fruit fly ,果蝇 Drosophila melanogaster 8[14] 6 autosomal, and 2 sexual
Duck-billed Platypus鸭嘴兽 52
Earthworm蚯蚓 Lumbricus terrestris 36
Echidna针鼹 63/64 63 (XXY, male) and 64 (XXXX, female)
Elephant大象 56
Elk麋鹿 (Wapiti) Cervus canadensis 68
Eurasian Badger欧亚獾 Meles meles 44
European honey bee欧洲蜜蜂 Apis mellifera 32 32 for females, males are haploid and thus have 16.
European Mink欧洲水貂 Mustela lutreola 38
European Polecat欧洲臭鼬 Mustela putorius 40
Fennec Fox小狐 Vulpes zerda 64[1]
Ferret Mustela putorius furo 40
Field Horsetail木贼 Equisetum arvense 216
Fisher (animal), 肥西貂 38 a type of marten
Fossa马岛狸 (animal)|Fossa Cryptoprocta ferox 42
Giraffe长颈鹿 Giraffa camelopardalis 62
Goat山羊 60
Golden Jackal金狐狼 Canis aureus 78[1]
Gorilla大猩猩 48
Gray Fox灰狐 Urocyon cinereoargenteus 66[1]
Gypsy moth舞毒蛾 62
Hawkweed蒲公英之一种 8
Hare兔子[15][16] 48
Hedgehog刺猬 Genus Atelerix (African hedgehogs) 90
Hedgehog刺猬 Genus Erinaceus (Woodland hedgehogs) 88
七指蕨Kamraj (fern) Helminthostachys zeylanica 94
Horse Equus ferus caballus 64
Human Homo sapiens 46[17] 44 autosomal and 2 sex
Husk Tomato茄科毛酸浆 Physalis pubescens 24[18]
Hyena鬣狗 40
Hyrax非洲蹄兔  ?? Hyraxes are considered to be the closest living relative to the Elephant.
Crab-eating rat (semiaquatic rodent),食蟹鼠 Ichthyomys pittieri 92[3] Tied for highest number in mammals with Anotomys leander.
Jack jumper ant夹克跳跳蚁 Myrmecia pilosula 2[19] 2 for females, males are haploid and thus have 1; smallest number possible. Other ant species have more chromosomes.[19]
Kangaroo袋鼠 16 This includes several members genus Macropus, but not the red kangaroo (M. rufus, 40)[20]
Kit Fox小狐狸 50
Lion狮子 Panthera leo 38
Long-nosed Cusimanse长鼻獴 (a type of mongoose) 36
Maize玉米 Zea mays 20[2]
Maned Wolf鬃狼 Chrysocyon brachyurus 76
Mango芒果 Mangifera indica 40[2]
Meerkat狐獴 Suricata suricatta 36
Mosquito蚊子 Aedes aegypti 6[21] The 2n=6 chromosome number is conserved in the entire family Culicidae, except in Chagasia bathana which has 2n=8.[21]
Mouse小鼠 Mus musculus 40
Mule骡子 63 semi-infertile
Oats燕麦 Avena sativa 42[2] This is a hexaploid with 2n=6x=42. Diploid and tetraploid cultivated species also exist.[2]
Adders-tongue]],小草蕨 Ophioglossum reticulatum 1200 or 1260 此种蕨类具有已知最多的染色体数目。
Orangutan人猿 Pongo x 48
Oriental Small-clawed Otter亞洲小爪水獺 Aonyx cinerea 38
Pea豌豆 Pisum sativum 14[2]
Pig 38
Pigeon家鸽 80
Pine Marten松貂 Martes martes 38
Pineapple菠萝 Ananas comosus 50[2]
Platypus鸭嘴兽 Ornithorhynchus anatinus 52 [22] Ten sex chromosomes.
Potato马铃薯 Solanum tuberosum 48[2] This is a tetraploid; wild relatives mostly have 2n=24.[2]
Porcupine豪猪 Erethizon dorsatum 34 [10]
Rabbit兔子 44
Raccoon Procyon lotor 38[23]
Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes viverrinus 42 some sources say sub-species differ with 38, 54, and even 56 chromosomes
Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides 56
Radish罗卜 Raphanus sativus 18[2]
Rat大鼠 42
Red Deer马鹿 Cervus elaphus 68
Red Fox红狐 Vulpes vulpes 34[1] Plus 3-5 microsomes.
Red Panda小熊猫 36
Reeves's Muntjac Muntiacus reevesi 46
Rice Oryza sativa 24[2]
Rhesus Monkey猕猴 42[24]
Rye黑麦 Secale cereale 14[2]
Sable黑貂 Martes zibellina 38
Sable Antelope Hippotragus niger 46
Grape ferns,葡萄蕨 Sceptridum 90
Sea Otter海獭 38
Silverleaf nightshade银叶茄 Solanum elaeagnifolium 24[25]
Sheep绵羊 54
Shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus 86-92 [26]
Slime Mold粘菌 Dictyostelium discoideum 12 [27]
Snail蜗牛 24
Spotted Skunk斑臭鼬 Spilogale x 64
Starfish海星 36
Striped skunk条纹臭鼬 Mephitis mephitis 50
Swamp Wallaby泽鼠 Wallabia bicolor 10/11 10 for male, 11 for female
Tanuki/Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides albus 38
Tiger Panthera tigris 38
Tibetan Sand fox西藏沙狐 Vulpes ferrilata 36
Tobacco烟草 Nicotiana tabacum 48[2] Cultivated species is a tetraploid.[2]
Turkey火鸡 80 [28]
Virginia Opossum负鼠 Didelphis virginiana 22[29]
Wheat小麦 Triticum aestivum 42[2] This is a hexaploid with 2n=6x=42. Durum wheat is Triticum turgidum var. durum, and is a tetraploid with 2n=4x=28.[2]
White-tailed deer白尾鹿 Odocoileus virginianus 70
Wolf,狼 Canis lupus 78
Woolly Mammoth猛犸象 Mammuthus primigenius 58 extinct; tissue from a frozen carcass
Wolverine狼獾 Gulo gulo 42
Yellow Mongoose黄猫鼬 Cynictis penicillata 36
Yeast酿酒酵母 Saccharomyces cerivisiae 32

参见[编辑]


参考资料[编辑]

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External links/sources[编辑]