查尔迪兰战役

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坐标39°05′19.87″N 44°19′37.19″E / 39.0888528°N 44.3269972°E / 39.0888528; 44.3269972

查尔迪兰战役
Chaldiran Battlefield Site in 2004.JPG
查尔迪兰战役纪念碑
日期: 1514年8月23日
地点: 伊朗西北部
結果: 奥斯曼帝国胜利
參戰方
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1517).svg 奥斯曼帝国 Flag of Persia 1502-1524.svg 波斯萨非王朝
指揮官和领导者
塞利姆一世 伊斯玛仪一世
兵力
60,000[1] 100,000[2] 212,000,[3] artillery and janissary musketeer[4] 55,000[5] 12,000[3] 40,000[4] 80,000[2]
伤亡与损失
少于2,000 约5,000 [6]

查尔迪兰战役波斯語جنگ چالدران土耳其语Çaldıran Muharebesi)发生于1514年8月23日,奥斯曼帝国在这次战役中击败了波斯萨非王朝,从而控制了安那托利亚东北和伊拉克北部地区,巩固了东部边界。然而这次战役却开启了两个伊斯兰帝国长达41年的毁灭性战争,直到1555年两国签订了《阿马西亚条约》。

奥斯曼帝国一般有上風,但波斯人在大多數情況下堅守陣地。




参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Keegan & Wheatcroft, Who's Who in Military History, Routledge, 1996. p. 268 "In 1515 Selim marched east with some 60,000 men; a proportion of these were skilled Janissaries, certainly the best infantry in Asia, and the sipahis, equally well-trained and disciplined cavalry. [...] The Azerbaijanian army, under Shah Ismail, was almost entirely composed of Turcoman tribal levies, a courageous but ill-disciplined cavalry army. Slightly inferior in numbers to the Turks, their charges broke against the Janissaries, who had taken up fixed positions behind rudimentary field works."
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, Gábor Ágoston,Bruce Alan Masters, page 286, 2009
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Ghulam Sarwar, "History of Shah Isma'il Safawi", AMS, New York, 1975, p. 79
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Roger M. Savory, Iran under the Safavids, Cambridge, 1980, p. 41
  5. ^ Keegan & Wheatcroft, Who's Who in Military History, Routledge, 1996. p. 268
  6. ^ Serefname II s. 158