根合巴文

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根合巴文(Q'anjob'al)是馬雅語系的一種話。大概有88,200人作母語使用。根合巴語的人主要分佈在瓜地馬拉裡的韋韋特南戈省墨西哥[1]

根合巴文是一種作-通格語言

語音學[编辑]

構詞學[编辑]

根合巴文的被動式有兩種後綴。第一種係 "-lay",會加在動詞後面。
"-lay"的用法比較廣泛。

X-ach hin b'aj-a'.
COM-2SB 1SA scold-TV
"I scold you.”

X-ach b'aj-lay w-uj.
COM-2SB scold-PSV 1SA-by
"You are scolded by me.”

第二種嘅後綴表達被動式係"-chaj"
a. Max k'och-lay ixim nal (y-uj cham winaq).
  COM shell-PSV CL corn 3A-by CL.HON man
   ‘The corn was shelled (by the old man).’
b. Max k'och-chaj ixim nal y-uj cham winaq.
  COM shell-PSV CL corn 3A-by CL.HON man
  ‘The old man was able to shell the corn.’/
   ?‘The corn could be shelled by the old man’

語法學[编辑]

  1. ^ Mateo Pedro, Pedro. 2009. “Nominalization in Q’anjob’al.” In Stephanie Lux and Pedro Mateo (eds.), Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics 31:46-63, University of Kansas.

Mateo Pedro, Pedro. 2009. “Nominalization in Q’anjob’al.” In Stephanie Lux and Pedro Mateo (eds.), Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics 31:46-63, University of Kansas.