欧洲山芥

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欧洲山芥
歐洲山芥
歐洲山芥
科學分類
界: 植物界 Plantae
目: 十字花目 Brassicales
科: 十字花科 Cruciferae
屬: 山芥属 Barbarea
種: 欧洲山芥 B. vulgaris
二名法
Barbarea vulgaris
R. Br.
異名
  • Cheiranthus ibericus Willd.
  • Barbarea ceretana Sennen
  • Erysimum barbarea L.
  • Erysimum arcuatu Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl

欧洲山芥学名Barbarea vulgaris)为十字花科山芥属下的一个种。

特徵[编辑]

歐洲山芥中包含的化學物質有皂素類黃酮[1]芥子油苷[2][3]

病蟲害抵禦[编辑]

歐洲山芥可以抵抗大多數十字花科害蟲(例如小菜蛾),其抗性來源自所含的皂素。[4][5][6][7] 芥子油甙則可以吸引一些昆蟲,因此會被種在農田周圍,以免這些昆蟲危害農作物。[8]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Dalby-Brown, Lea; Olsen, Carl Erik; Nielsen, Jens Kvist; Agerbirk, Niels. Polymorphism for Novel Tetraglycosylated Flavonols in an Eco-model Crucifer, Barbarea vulgaris. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2011, 59 (13): 6947–56. doi:10.1021/jf200412c. PMID 21615154. 
  2. ^ Agerbirk, Niels; Olsen, Carl Erik. Isoferuloyl derivatives of five seed glucosinolates in the crucifer genus Barbarea. Phytochemistry. 2011, 72 (7): 610–23. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.01.034. PMID 21354584. 
  3. ^ Agerbirk, Niels; Ørgaard, Marian; Nielsen, Jens Kvist. Glucosinolates, flea beetle resistance, and leaf pubescence as taxonomic characters in the genus Barbarea (Brassicaceae). Phytochemistry. 2003, 63 (1): 69–80. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00750-1. PMID 12657300. 
  4. ^ Kuzina, V.; Ekstrom, C. T.; Andersen, S. B.; Nielsen, J. K.; Olsen, C. E.; Bak, S. Identification of Defense Compounds in Barbarea vulgaris against the Herbivore Phyllotreta nemorum by an Ecometabolomic Approach. Plant Physiology. 2009, 151 (4): 1977–90. doi:10.1104/pp.109.136952. PMC 2785962. PMID 19819983. 
  5. ^ Kuzina, Vera; Nielsen, Jens Kvist; Augustin, Jörg Manfred; Torp, Anna Maria; Bak, Søren; Andersen, Sven Bode. Barbarea vulgaris linkage map and quantitative trait loci for saponins, glucosinolates, hairiness and resistance to the herbivore Phyllotreta nemorum. Phytochemistry. 2011, 72 (2–3): 188–98. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.11.007. PMID 21130479. 
  6. ^ Nielsen, Nikoline J.; Nielsen, John; Staerk, Dan. New Resistance-Correlated Saponins from the Insect-Resistant CruciferBarbarea vulgaris. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2010, 58 (9): 5509–14. doi:10.1021/jf903988f. PMID 20387830. 
  7. ^ Shinoda, Tetsuro; Nagao, Tsuneatsu; Nakayama, Masayoshi; Serizawa, Hiroaki; Koshioka, Masaji; Okabe, Hikaru; Kawai, Akira. Identification of a triterpenoid saponin from a crucifer, Barbarea vulgaris, as a feeding deterrent to the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 2002, 28 (3): 587–99. doi:10.1023/A:1014500330510. PMID 11944835. 
  8. ^ Shelton, A. M. and B. A. Nault (2004) "Dead-end trap cropping: a technique to improve management of the diamondback moth," Crop Protection 23: 497-503.

扩展阅读[编辑]