比较史学

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索


比较史学 是不同社会在给定的时间或拥有类似的文化环境的情况下进行的比较。这种方法的支持者包括美国史学家巴灵顿·摩尔赫伯特·E·博尔顿,英国史学家阿诺尔德·汤因比杰弗里·巴拉克拉夫,和德国史学家奥斯瓦德·斯宾格勒。一些社会学家也曾借助过这种方法,包括马克斯·韦伯彼蒂里姆·索罗金S·N·艾森施塔特西摩·马丁·李普塞特查尔斯·蒂利,和米切尔·曼

历史学家通常接受对特定制度的比较,如银行业、女权、不同社群间的种族歧视。然而在五十年代[谁?]对汤因比的敌视兴起之后,历史学家[谁?]不再重视比较研究。

参考书目[编辑]

  • 杰弗里·巴拉克拉夫:《当代史学主要趋势》 Holmes & Meier, 1979 online version
  • Deborah Cohen and Maura O'Connor; Comparison and History: Europe in Cross-National Perspective. Routledge, 2004 online edition
  • Cooper, Frederick. "Race, Ideology, and the Perils of Comparative History." American Historical Review, 101:4 (October 1996), 1122–1138. in JSTOR
  • Michael W. Doyle; Empires. Cornell University Press. 1986. online edition
  • S·N·艾森施塔特:《帝国的政治体制》1968.
  • Frederickson, George M. "From Exceptionalism to Variability: Recent Developments in Cross-National Comparative History." Journal of American History 82:2 (September 1995), 587-604. in JSTOR
  • Halperin, Charles J. et al. " AHR Forum: Comparative History in Theory and Practice: A Discussion." American Historical Review, 87:1 (February 1982), 123-143. in JSTOR
  • Hill, Alette Olin and Boyd H. Hill. "AHR Forum: Marc Bloch and Comparative History." The American Historical Review 85:4 (October 1980), 828-846. in JSTOR
  • Mazlish, Bruce. Conceptualizing Global History. CO: Westview Press,1993.
  • McGerr, Michael. "The Price of the 'New Transnational History.'" American Historical Review 96:4 (October 1991), 1056–1067. in jstor
  • Russell M. Magnaghi; Herbert E. Bolton and the Historiography of the Americas Greenwood Press, 1998 online edition
  • 米切尔·曼:《社会权力的起源》1993.
  • Meritt, Richard L. and Stein Rokkan, editors. Comparing Nations: The Use of Quantitative Data in Cross-National Research. Yale University Press, 1966.
  • Rusen, Jorn. "Some Theoretical Approaches to Intercultural Comparative Historiography." History and Theory 35:4 (December 1996), 5–22.
  • 彼蒂里姆·索罗金:《灾难中的人与社会》1950. online edition
  • 彼蒂里姆·索罗金:《社会与文化动态学》
  • 奥斯瓦德·斯宾格勒:《西方的衰落》1918.
  • Stoler, Ann L. "Tense and Tender Ties: The Politics of Comparison in North American History and (Post) Colonial Studies." Journal of American History (Dec 2001), 831-864. in JSTOR
  • Tilly, Charles. Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons. Russell Sage Foundation, 1984.
  • Tipps, Dean. "Modernization Theory and the Comparative Study of Societies: A Critical Perspective." Comparative Studies in Society and History 15:2 (1973), 199-226.
  • 阿诺德·汤因比:《历史研究》. 12 vol (1934-61); (2 vol abridgment 1957) online abridged version v. 1-6
  • Peter Turchin. History & Mathematics: Historical Dynamics and Development of Complex Societies. Moscow: KomKniga, 2006. ISBN 5-484-01002-0
  • Eric Voegelin, Order and History, 5 vol (1956-75)
  • Woodward, C. Vann, ed. The Comparative Approach to American History (1968)