瑞士空軍

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瑞士空军
Swiss Air Force logo.gif

國家/地區 瑞士
功能 防空
規模 1600名专业人员[1]
直屬 瑞士军事
Staff to the Chief
of the Armed Forces
Bundeshaus Ost,伯尔尼
指挥官
Head of the Air Force Lieutenant General Markus Gygax
佩章
Swiss Air Force Badge Schweizer-Luftwaffe Verbandsabzeichen.gif
Roundel Swiss roundel.svg
飛機
攻擊機 F/A-18大黄蜂战斗攻击机
電戰機 F-5自由斗士战斗机
直昇機 Eurocopter Cougar/Super Puma
攔截機 F-5自由斗士战斗机
巡邏機英语Maritime patrol aircraft F/A-18大黄蜂战斗攻击机
偵察機 ADS-95 Ranger
教練機 Pilatus PC-7/PC-9/PC-21

瑞士空军德语Schweizer Luftwaffe法语Forces aériennes suisses意大利语Forze aeree svizzere羅曼什語Aviatica militara svizra英语Swiss Air Force)是瑞士的一支武装力量,是瑞士军事的一部分。1914年作为瑞士军队的一部分正式成立,1966年1月正式从陆军独立。

和平时期杜本多夫德语Dübendorf)为空军总部。瑞士空军都是由几个固定基地组成(见现状),但是它的人员训练进行从临时公路的简易机场飞机跑道起飞进行空中作战。在危机或战争的情况下,有几条精心准备的跑道可为它选择。

历史[编辑]

早年[编辑]

瑞士空军早期负责气球运输(balloon transport),它的创立者是热气球制造者爱德华·斯贝尔尼(Eduard Spelterini),然后这个组织于1914年获得了官方支持。第一次世界大战爆发后,骑兵军官西奥多·瑞尔(Theodor Real)改变了这个组织,使它成为一支空军。这个组织开始位于伯尔尼的万克多夫体育场(Wankdorf Stadium)附近,拥有3驾民用飞机、9个飞行员和一个以供训练的临时机场。后来将总部迁至杜本多夫,并一直沿用。瑞士在冲突中通常是保持中立且拥有其独立的主权的,这支空军的活动只有训练和演习,侦查和巡逻等。[2]因为20世纪30年代国际局势不断恶化,瑞士空军的规模也扩大了许多。在这段时间里,瑞士空军分别从德国、意大利和法国(Moranes在瑞士有制造许可证)购进了Bf 109战斗机、Macchi C.202、Morane-Saulnier M.S.406等飞机。[3]瑞士空军作为一支独立的军队是在1936年10月。[2]

第二次世界大战时期[编辑]

一架Bf 109-E3
瑞士空军的P-51D还原品

尽管在整个二战中瑞士都保持中立,但它不得不与侵犯其领土的军队(尤其是德军)作战,特别是在1940年的法国战役中。为了报复德国飞机的行动,瑞士空军曾击落十一架德国飞机。亨利·吉桑(Henri Guisan)领导的军事行动迫使德军将领下令禁止侵犯瑞士领土。

在后来的战争中,盟军的轰炸机在攻势中经常飞过瑞士领空,或者在瑞士寻求避风港。英国和美国的飞机有时甚至会意外地破坏瑞士的城市。为了保护自己的领土,瑞士的飞行员有时也会对他国飞机进行拦截。在二战中瑞士只有一名飞行员丧生,是在1944年9月被美国轰炸机击落。

根据瑞士官方的记录,战争期间共有6501架他国飞机侵犯瑞士领空。其中有198架飞机在瑞士降落,56架飞机在瑞士坠毁。

冷战时期[编辑]

在瑞士展出的德哈维兰 DH 112 毒液 Mk1R
在瑞士展出的德哈维兰 DH.100 吸血鬼 Mk6
在瑞士展出的霍克猎人 Mk58
在瑞士展出的幻影IIIRS侦察机

瑞士空军于第二次世界大战之后更名为瑞士空军和防空司令部(the Swiss Air Force and Anti-Aircraft Command,原名Schweizerische Flugwaffe Kommando der Flieger und Fliegerabwehrtruppen)。1966年瑞士空军从陆军独立成为一支单独的军队,并改名瑞士空军(Schweizer Luftwaffe)。[4][5]

随着新的世界战争可能爆发的时局(可能涉及到核武器),瑞士的军费开支逐渐增加,主要是用于购买喷气飞机:1950年购买75架德哈维兰 DH.100 吸血鬼(de Havilland DH.100 Vampire)。德哈维兰 DH 112 毒液(de Havilland DH 112 Venom)和霍克猎人(Hawker Hunter)的数量迅速超过100。毒液一直使用至1983年,而吸血鬼和猎人分别使用到1990年和1994年。

在苏联可能入侵和核战争的可能发生的考虑下,20世纪50年代末期,瑞士的军事学说(military doctrine)为之改变,瑞士开始注重空军防卫,甚至防区外攻击。因为受到核战争的威胁,瑞士可能会使用核武器还有飞毛腿导弹[6]但瑞士国内还是有因为没有足够的实力来完成此任务而有着“仅仅保卫自己的领土”的传统学说。[7]同时,空军也开始在山上建设临时空军基地,有建造高速公路地带(Highway strip,指专门修建的可以提供给飞机停放的高速公路)和飞机洞穴(Aircraft cavern,把山挖空形成洞穴供飞机停放)等活动。

1954年空军所属的雷达技术学校成立,安装了第一个雷达预警系统,指挥和控制系统引入了佛罗里达州的设计概念,从1965年使用至2003年才更换为FLORAKO系统。同时空军展开地面防空项目,装备了中口径火炮,使用63 Superfledermaus (Superbat)防卫系统以及BL-64 ‘Bloodhound’ 防空导弹系统(1964–1999)。

飞机[编辑]

Švýcarský F-5E Patrouille Suisse
Švýcarský F/A-18C J-3011
Švýcarský PC-7Team & F/A-18C
FLORAKO Command Control unit on Mt.Pilatus皮拉图斯峰
相片 飞机 出自 类型 版本 现役 注释
Fa-18c.hornet.j5003.swissaf.jpg McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet  美国 瑞士 built under license from the United States Multirole fighter F/A-18C 26 (J-5001 to J-5026)
Swiss AF Boeing FA-18D Hornet.jpg F/A-18D 6 (J-5232 to J-5238, J-5231, J-5237 crash)
F-5 auf Platte.jpg Northrop F-5 Tiger II  美国 瑞士 built under license from the United States Fighter-Interceptor F-5E 42 Interception, aerobatics , target-towing
F-5F.jpg F-5F 12 (J-3201 to J-3212) Training ,air policing and electronic warfare
Pilatus PC7-IMG 5742.jpg Pilatus PC-7 Turbo trainer  瑞士 Trainer NCPC-7 28
PC9.JPG Pilatus PC-9  瑞士 Trainer PC-9/F 8 (C-401 to C-412, C-404 crash) target-towing (AB Payerne) and electronic warfare
Swiss Air Force PC-21 A-102 parked.jpg Pilatus PC-21  瑞士 Advanced trainer PC-21 8 (A-101 to A-108)
Swiss Air Force Beech 1900D Bidini-1.jpg Beechcraft 1900  美国 VIP transport 1900D 1 (T-729)
Swiss Air Force DHC-6.jpg DHC-6 Twin Otter  加拿大 Photomapping DHC-6 1 (T-741)
Swiss Air Force SuperKing air.JPG Beechcraft Super King Air  美国 Photomapping 350C 1 (T-721)
Swiss Air Force Pilatus PC-6 V-618 parked at IBT'11.jpg Pilatus PC-6 Turbo-Porter  瑞士 Light transport PC-6/B2-H2M-1 15 Airliftsqn 7 (AB Emmen) + HB-FCF from armasuisse
SUI785.jpg Dassault Falcon 900EX  法国 VIP transport Falcon 50 1 (T-785) Bern-Belp Airpt.
HB-FOG.jpg Pilatus PC-12  瑞士 Test and transport PC-12 1 (HB-FOG) Armasuisse Mil
Cessna.560xl.citation.excel.arp.jpg Cessna Citation Excel  美国 VIP transport Ce-560XL 1 (T-784)
Swiss Air Force Armasuisse R-711.jpg Diamond DA42  美国 奥地利 Experimental Diamond DA42 Aurora Centauer 1 (R-711) Armasuisse AB Emmen
RUAG ADS-90 Ranger ventral view.jpg ADS-95 Ranger  瑞士 UAV ADS-95 24 (D-108 to D-134, D-119 crash 13.09.11) Drone Sqn 7 (AB Emmen)
Zieldrohne.JPG KZD 85  瑞士 UAV KZD-85 60 (Z-30 to Z-90, Today 30 in use) training of air defense troops (flab) )
  • Trainingsmockup F/A-18C, X-5099.

直升机[编辑]

相片 飞机 出自 类型 版本 现役 注释
Swiss Air Force Super Puma T-325 side view 2.jpg Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma  法国 Medium airlift AS332M1 15 (T-311 to T-325)
Cougar Swiss milouf 3.jpg Eurocopter AS532 Cougar  法国 Medium airlift AS532UL 11 (T-331 to T342) AB Alpnach. One Eurocopter Cougar (T-341) crashed )
Swiss Air Force EC635P2+ T-352 at BRN (2).jpg Eurocopter EC635  法国  德国 Utility EC635 P2+ 18 (T-353 to T-370) AB Alpnach
VIP transport EC635 P2+ VIP 2 (T-351, T-352)

Ground to Air Defense[编辑]

Oerlikon Skyguard
相片 名称 出自 类型 现役 注释
Flab.JPG 歐瑞康35毫米雙管防空炮  瑞士 AAA gun 45 a.k.a. "Flab Kanone 63/90"
Stinger (dummy) and case.png FIM-92 Stinger  美国 MANPAD infrared guided missile 288
Rapier Missile.JPG Rapier missile  英國 surface-air guided missile 54 a.k.a. "Mobile Lenkwaffen Flugabwehr"

Actual Radarsurveillance[编辑]

  • FLORAKO美国法国瑞士
  • TAFLIR美国瑞士
  • Skyguard 瑞士
  • Stinger Alert Radar美国

Active AFB[编辑]

Swiss air force airfields.png
  • Payerne (LSMP)
  • Sion (LSMS)
  • Emmen (LSME)
  • Meiringen (LSMM)
  • Alpnach (LSMA)
  • Buochs (LSMU)
  • Dübendorf (LSMD)
  • Lodrino (LSML)
  • Locarno (LSMO)
  • Bern (LSZB), VIP only

Old Aircrafts[编辑]

Ex.Schweizer Luftwaffe Ju-52
Pilatus P-2
Pilatus P-3
Swiss Air Force Beechcraft Model 18
FFA P-16
Dornier Do-27
DH-112 Venom
  • Hiller UH-12B (1952 - 1962) V-10 - V-12 / KAB-201 - KAB-203
  • Sud-Ouest SO 1221 (1958 - 1964) V-21 - V-24 .
  • Alouette II (1958-1992) V-41 - V-70.
  • Alouette III (1964-2010) V-201 - V-284
  • Eurocopter Dauphin (2005-2009) T-711
  • Rockwell Grand Commander 680FL (1976- 1993) HB-GCB (swisstopo).
  • Learjet 35 (1987-2006) T-781 T-872
  • 'Beechcraft Model 50 Twin Bonanza (1957 - 1989) T-711 - T-713
  • Falcon 50 (1996-2013) T-783
  • BAE Hawk|BAe Hawk T.Mk.66 (1987-2002) U-1251 - U-1270) Flugzeug
  • Dassault Mirage III
    • Dassault Mirage III#Mirage IIIS (Schweiz)|Dassault Mirage IIIC (1962-1999) J-2201
    • Dassault Mirage III#Mirage IIIS (Schweiz)|Dassault Mirage IIIRS (1964-2003) R-2101 - R-2118
    • Dassault Mirage III#Mirage IIIS (Schweiz)|Dassault Mirage IIIS (1964-1999)J-2301 - J-2336
    • Dassault Mirage III#Mirage IIIS (Schweiz)|Dassault Mirage IIIBS (1964-2003) U-2001 - U-2004 / J-2001 - J-2004.
    • Dassault Mirage III#Mirage IIIS (Schweiz)|Dassault Mirage IIIDS (1983-2003) U-2011 - U-2012 / J-2011 - J-2012 .
  • Hawker Hunter
    • Hawker Hunter F.Mk.58 / F.Mk.58A (1958-1994)J-4000 - J-4152
    • Hawker Hunter T.Mk.68 - Trainer (1975-1994)J-4201 - J-4208
  • FFA P-16 (1955-1960) J-3001 - J-3005.
  • De Havilland Vampire|De Havilland Vampire DH.100 (1949-1990)
    • 4 "Vampire" DH-100 Mk.1 J-1001 - J-1004
    • 178 "Vampire" DH-100 Mk.6 J-1005 - J-1082 & J-1101 - J-1200
    • 39 "Vampire" DH-115 U-1201 - U-1239
  • De Havilland D.H.112 Venom (1949-1983).
    • 126 "Venom" DH-112 Mk.1 J-1501 - J-1625 & J-1650
    • 100 "Venom" DH-112 Mk.4 J-1701 - J-1800
      • 24 "Venom" DH-112 MK.1R J-1626 - J-1649
  • Dornier Do 27 (1958 - 2005) HB-HAD / V-607, V-601 - V-607 & HB-HAC
  • North American P-51|North American P-51D «Mustang»]] (1948-1958)
  • North American T-6|North American AT-6 Texan (Harvard) U-301 - U-340
  • Pilatus P-3 (1956 - 1995) A-801 - A-873
  • Pilatus P-2 U-102 - U-128 & U-132 - U-157
  • Piper PA-18 Super Cub (1948 - 1975) KAB-101 & KAB-102 / V-651 - V-656
  • Nord 1201 Norécrin I (1948 - 1952) V-653 / HB-HOI
  • Nord NC.850 Norvigie (1949-1950) KAB-103
  • Siebel Si 204 (1945 -1955) B-3.
  • Potez 63 (1938 - 1944) B-1 & B-2 B-1 / HB-HAs , B-2 / HB-HAT
  • Junkers Ju 52/3m (1939 - 1981) A-701 - A-703
  • Nardi FN-315 (1944 - 1948) A-290 & A-291
  • Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (1940-1963): A-96 - A-100, A-96 / HB-ARU
  • De Havilland D.H.98 (1944 - 1954) B-4 & B-5 B-4 / E-42
  • WLM-1 (1951) 2 WLM-1 U-1 - U-2 (Zivil HB-551 & HB-552)
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 (1938-1949):
  • Messerschmitt Bf 108-B Taifun (1938 - 1959) A-201 - A-215
  • Morane-Saulnier MS.406|Morane-Saulnier D-3800 (1940-1959)
    • 82 Morane D-3800 J-1 - J-84
    • 207 Morane D-3801 J-191 - J-297
    • 13 Morane D-3802 J-401 - J-404, J-406 - J414
    • 1 Morane D-3803 J-405
  • Eidgenössische Konstruktionswerkstätte K+W C-36 C-3603 (1942 - 1987) C-401 - C-560
  • Stinson L-5 Sentinel (1944 - 1945) A-96 /HB-TRY.
  • Bücker Bü 133 Jungmeister (1937-1968) U-49 - U-100.
  • Bücker Bü 131 Jungmann (1936-1971)A-85 - A-94

Old Ground to Air Defense[编辑]

相片 名称 出自 Entered
service
WFU 出自
Oerlikon-20mm-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg Oerlikon 20 mm cannon  瑞士 1937 1992 (L Flab Kan 37).
Oerlikon-20mm-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg Oerlikon 20 mm cannon  瑞士 1954 1995 (L Flab Kan 54 Oe).
BL-64.JPG Bristol Bloodhound  英國 1964 1999 Flab Lwf BL 64 Bloodhound

Swiss anti-aircraft systems trialled[编辑]

A number of air defence systems have been offered by Swiss companies and trialled by the Swiss Air Force but in the event not purchased.

相片 名称 出自 Entered
service
WFU 出自
Fliegerabwehrpanzer 68 SPAAG pic03-1.JPG 35 mm anti aircraft tank B22L  瑞士 1958 1964
RSA Seite.JPG RSA Missile  瑞士 1946 1958
Lenkwaffensystem RSCD Doppelstartlafette front.JPG RSD 58  瑞士 1952 1958
Oerlikon Kriens Luftabwehr im Fliegermuseum Dübendorf.jpg RSE Kriens (Missile)  瑞士 1958 1966
Shark Air def.JPG Mowag Shark  瑞士  英國
 法国
1981 1983 with French Crotale (missile)
or British twin AAA "wildcat"2x30mm.


Old Radar Systems[编辑]

FLORIDA EZ at Fliegermuseum Dübendorf
相片 名称 出自 Entered
service
WFU 注释
Florida Radar.JPG FLORIDA Airspace monitoring and management system  美国 1970 2003
SF Radar.JPG SRF Airspace monitoring and management system  法国 1955 1970
Radar WW2.JPG LGR-1 Radar  美国 1948 1955
WW2 Radar mobil.JPG Target allocation radar TPS-1E  美国
(licensed) 義大利
1958 1989
Superfledermaus.JPG Super Fledermaus  瑞士 1965 1977
ZZR Radar.JPG Fire control radar Mark VII  英國 1958 1967

Old AFB[编辑]

Basas aviaticas Raron
F-5E crossing Street at Mollis AFB
  • Ambri (LSPM)
  • Ems GR
  • Frutigen
  • Flugplatz Interlaken (LSMI)
  • Flugplatz Kägiswil (LSPG)
  • Littau
  • Mollis
  • Münster VS
  • Raron (LSTA)
  • Reichenbach im Kandertal
  • Saanen (LSGK)
  • San Vittore GR
  • Sankt Stephan BE (LSTS)
  • Turtmann (LSMJ)
  • Ulrichen
  • Zweisimmen (LSTZ)

Aircraft squadrons[编辑]

In the Swiss Air Force an aircraft is usually not deployed permanently to a given Squadron, especally that of the [milizia] pilots who spend just a few weeks a year in service. Aircraft are used across several squadrons, even the Squadron leader's aircraft such as the F/A-18C J-5017 from 17 Squadron will be used by used other squadrons. Older aircraft will often be retired from front line service to support squadrons, for example the Hawker Hunter from a fighter-bomber with 5 Squadron to [Zielflugstaffel] 12 as a target tug.

Image Name Status Home base Aircraft type History Notes
FlSt1.gif, Fliegerstaffel 1 Rokh Inactive Dübendorf F-5E Hawker Hunter,DH-100 Vampire,C-3036,Fokker C.V, Häfeli DH-5 Commander of the Patrouille Suisse was Member of FlSt1. The Patrouille Suisse was Created from parts of the FlSt1 [8]
FlSt2new.jpg Fliegerstaffel 2 Inactive Payerne F-5E Hawker Hunter,DH-112 Venom , DH-100 Vampire,AFB Ulrichen, Turtmann [9]
FlSt3new.gif Fliegerstaffel 3 Inactive Sion Mirage IIIRS Hawker Hunter, DH-112 Venom Recon vers,D-3800,C-3603,Dewoitine D.27 [10]
FlSt4.gif Fliegerstaffel 4 Inactive Payerne Mirage IIIRS Hawker Hunter, DH-112 Venom, DH-100 Vampire AFB Turtmann, Sankt Stephan [11]
FlSt5old.gif Fliegerstaffel 5 Lynx Interaktiv Interlaken Hawker Hunter DH-100 Vampire, Häfeli DH-5 Swiss Astronaut Claude Nicollier Pilot at this Sqd
FlSt6.gif Fliegerstaffel 6 Ducks active Payerne F-5E [12] [13]
FlSt7.jpg Fliegerstaffel 7 Inactive Meiringen Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom, DH-100 Vampire,Me109 ,Fokker C.V,AFB Ambri, Interlaken [14]
FlSt8.gif Fliegerstaffel 8 Destructors active Meiringen F-5E AFB Buochs [15]
FlSt9.gif Fliegerstaffel 9 Inactive DH-112 Venom [DH-100 Vampire, Me109,D-3801,Dewoitine D.27,Fokker C.V [16]
FlSt10.gif Fliegerstaffel 10 Inactive Buochs Mirage IIIRS DH-112 Venom recon, DH-100 Vampire,C-3603,P-51 Mustang all equipt with Photocameras [17] [18] [19]
FlSt11.gif Fliegerstaffel 11 Tigers active Meiringen F/A-18 Dübendorf, F-5E, Hawker Hunter,DH-100 Vampire,D-3801 Member of the NATO Tiger Association[20], F/A-18C J-5011 Sqad Aircraft with special paint[21]
FlSt12new.gif Zielflugstaffel 12 active Emmen Pilatus PC-9/ F-5E Hawker Hunter, C-36 [22]
FlSt13new.gif Fliegerstaffel 13 Inactive Payerne F-5E DH-112 Venom, D-3800 Morane, Trurtmann AFB, Meiringen, Ambri [23]
FlSt14.gif Fliegerstaffel 14 active Locarno Pilatus PC-7 DH-100 Vampire, Pilatus P-3 [24]
FlSt15new.gif Fliegerstaffel 15 Inactive Sankt Stephan Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom, DH-100 Vampire, D-3801, Me109, Payerne in the last year a Hunter got a "Papyrus" paint this AC is now private used[25]
FlSt16new.gif Fliegerstaffel 16 active Sion F-5F Mirage IIIS,DH-112 Venom & DH-112 R1, DH-100 Vampire, P-51 Mustang C-3603,C-36,Fokker C.V, Buochs
Wappen der Fliegerstaffel 17.jpg Fliegerstaffel 17 Falcons active Payerne F/A-18 Mirage IIIS,DH-112 Venom,D-3802, C-3603, Häfeli DH-5, Dewoitine D.27 AFB Buochs, Emmen, Raron Sqd Aircraft F/A-18C J-5017 with "Falcons" Paint[26] [27]
FlSt18.gif Fliegerstaffel 18 Panthers active Payerne F/A-18 Sqd Aircraft F/A-18C J-5018 with "Phanters" Paint [28]
Staffel19.gif Fliegerstaffel 19 Swans active Sion F-5E]] Potez 25,Morane D-3800 P-51 Mustang, DH-112 Venom, Hawker Hunter [29]Sqd Aircraft F-5E J-3038 Swans paint[30]
FlSt20.gif Fliegerstaffel 20 Inactive Mollis Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom, DH-100 Vampire, P-51 Mustang,D-3801 [31]
FlSt21.gif Fliegerstaffel 21 Inactive Raron Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom,DH-100 Vampire, P-51 Mustang,Dewoitine D.27, Me109,AFB Buochs, Turtmann, Dübendorf [32] [33]
FlSt24new.gif Fliegerstaffel 24 active Emmen Pilatus PC-9 / F-5F Hawker Hunter Trainer Sqd 22 and 23 don't exist
LT1.gif Lufttransportstaffel 1 active Payerne AS 532UL,AS 332M-1, EC635 Alouette III [34]
LT2new.gif Lufttransportstaffel 2 Inactive Dübendorf Alouette III Alouette II,Piper PA-18, AFB Triengen [35]
LT3.gif Lufttransportstaffel 3 active AS 532UL,AS 332M-1, EC635 [36]
LT4.gif Lufttransportstaffel 4 active Dübendorf AS 532UL,AS 332M-1, EC635, Beechcraft 1900, DHC-6, Beechcraft Super King Air
LT5Tarn.gif Lufttransportstaffel 5 active Dübendorf AS 532UL,AS 332M-1,EC635 Alouette III, Do-27
Lt6.jpg Lufttransportstaffel 6 active Alpnach AS 532UL,AS 332M-1 EC635 [37]
LT7farb.gif Lufttransportstaffel 7 active Emmen Pilatus PC-6 [38]
LT8farb.gif Lufttransportstaffel 8 active Alpnach AS 532UL,AS 332M-1 EC635 Alouette III [39] [www.lufttransportstaffel8.ch]

Other aircraft units[编辑]

Image Name Status Homebase Aircrafttype History Notes
Berufsfliegerkorps.gif, Berufsfliegerkorps active Dübendorf HQ all AC types former UeG Überwachungsgeschwader [40]
LTDB.gif Lufttransportdienst des Bundes active Bern Cessna Citation Excel,DHC-6,Beechcraft Super King Air, Beechcraft 1900, Falcon 900,EC635 Learjet 35, Falcon 50, Eurocopter Dauphin [41]
Pilotenschule.gif Pilotenschule active Emmen Pilatus PC-21 F-5F, BAE Hawk, DH-100 VampireT
Dro Geschw 7 blau.gif Drohnengeschwader 7 active Emmen ADS-95
GRD Emmen.gif GRD Armasuisse active Emmen PC-6 Turbo-Porter, Pilatus PC-12, Diamond DA42 Aurora Centauer Hawker Hunter, Mirage IIIC, F-5E(J-3001) Flight test Service
Patrouille suisse.gif Patrouille Suisse active Emmen F-5E Hawker Hunter AFB Dübendorf Created from parts of the Fliegerstaffel 1[42]
PC7 team.gif PC-7 Team active Dübendorf Pilatus PC-7 [43]
MHR.gif MHR Militär Helikopter Rettungsdienst Inactive Alouette III SAR, Today made by the civil Rega
Swiss Air Defence & directions Center Badge.gif ADDC active Dübendorf Air Force HQ, Air Operations Centre, Air Defence& Directions Center
Flsch aufk.gif Parachute Reconnaissance Company 17 active Locarno MT-1 Para reccon

脚注[编辑]

  1. ^ Air Forces Monthly, p. 67.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 The Pioneers. Swiss Air Force. [14 July 2009]. 
  3. ^ The Second World War. Swiss Air Force. [2 September 2009]. 
  4. ^ Schweizer是德国等国对瑞士的称呼
  5. ^ The Present. Swiss Air Force. [2 September 2009]. 
  6. ^ The Cold War. Swiss Air Force. [2 September 2009]. 
  7. ^ Lombardi, p.45.
  8. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-1.html
  9. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-2.html
  10. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-3.html
  11. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-4.html
  12. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/flst6.html
  13. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/flst6.parsys.20370.downloadList.87294.DownloadFile.tmp/broschurehistoriqueescdav6low.pdf
  14. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-7.html
  15. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/flst8.html
  16. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-9.html
  17. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-10.html
  18. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/themen/history/reggesch.parsys.0030.downloadList.38629.DownloadFile.tmp/fliegerstaffel10.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.fliegerstaffel10.ch/include.php?path=news&catid=1&type=2
  20. ^ http://www.natotigers.org/tigerunits/detail.php?unitID=10
  21. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/en/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/flst11.html
  22. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/zielflugstaffel.html
  23. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-13.html
  24. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/themen/history/reggesch.parsys.0023.downloadList.00231.DownloadFile.tmp/knowhow.pdf
  25. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-15.html
  26. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/en/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/fightersquad17.html
  27. ^ http://www.fightersquadron17.ch/index.php?id=8
  28. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/en/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/flst18.html
  29. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/flst19.html
  30. ^ http://www.wings-aviation.ch/03-Reports/2013/SUI-Meiringen/J-3038-03.jpg
  31. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-20.html
  32. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/flst19/chronik/kmob.html
  33. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-21.html
  34. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/esc_ta1.html
  35. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/leicht-fliegerstaffel-2.html
  36. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/staffeln/lttrspst5.html
  37. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/flpl_kdo_alp/flplkdo2/ltgeschw2/ltrspst6.html
  38. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/flpl_kdo_emm/ltst7.html
  39. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/flpl_kdo_alp/flplkdo2/ltgeschw2/lttrspst8.html
  40. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/bfk.html
  41. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/ltdb.html
  42. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/kunstflugteam/ps.html
  43. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/verbaende/einsatz_lw/kunstflugteam/pc_7_team.html

[1] Militärische Denkmäler im Bereich der Luftwaffe (PDF)

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