白俄罗斯共和国国家银行

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坐标53°54′00″N 27°33′32″E / 53.9001°N 27.5589°E / 53.9001; 27.5589

白俄罗斯共和国国家银行
白俄羅斯語НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫЙ БАНК РЕСПУБЛИКИ БЕЛАРУСЬ
俄语Национальный банк Республики Беларусь
白俄罗斯共和国国家银行标志
白俄罗斯共和国国家银行标志
總部  白俄罗斯明斯克
坐標 53°54′00″N 27°33′32″E / 53.9001°N 27.5589°E / 53.9001; 27.5589
成立 1992年
董事会主席 娜杰日达·叶尔玛科娃[1]
(Nadezhda A. Ermakova)
(2011年任职)
管理主体  白俄罗斯
貨幣 白俄罗斯卢布
ISO 4217貨幣代碼 BYR
儲備 45.13亿美元[2]
(截至2013年12月31日)
網站 www.nbrb.by

白俄罗斯共和国国家银行英语NATIONAL BANK OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS,简称NBRB)是白俄罗斯共和国中央银行,是白俄罗斯卢布的发行机构。总部位于白俄罗斯首都明斯克。其根据《白俄罗斯共和国宪法》,《白俄罗斯共和国银行法》以及白俄罗斯总统颁布的监管法律,独立进行业务活动。

目标与职能[编辑]

目标[编辑]

白俄罗斯共和国国家银行不以营利为目的[3],其主要目标为:

  • 发行白俄罗斯卢布,并确保其购买力和相对外币汇率的稳定性;
  • 维护白俄罗斯共和国银行系统的稳定性;
  • 确保支付系统持续高效,可靠,安全地运作。

职能[编辑]

白俄罗斯共和国国家银行主要职能为[4]

  • 研究、指导以及实施货币政策
  • 调节和组织资金流通,充当最后贷款人为银行提供融资;
  • 发行货币白俄罗斯卢布
  • 依法实施外汇管制;
  • 管理国家外汇储备以及黄金储备
  • 规范信用关系,建立并维护银行以及金融业的法规,管理银行和非银行金融机构的活动;
  • 组织国内现金和非现金结算;
  • 分析国际收支,并代表政府参与国际组织
  • 其他规定需要执行的职能。

组织结构[编辑]

国家银行的管理机构是国家银行的董事会, 其成员由白俄罗斯总统决定(成员不得担任其他公职以及从属于政党[5]。在董事会下设立有[6]

  • 董事会主席辖:
    • 顾问组(英语Advisory Group
    • 内部审计局(英语Internal Audit Directorate
      • 综合审计部(英语Comprehensive Audit Department
      • 信息审计司(英语Informational Audit Division
      • 风险管理司(英语Risk Management Division
    • 人事局(英语Personnel Directorate
      • 人事管理部(英语Personnel Management Department
      • 劳工组织与奖励部(英语Labour Organization and Stimulation Department
      • 人员培训与发展部(英语Personnel Training and Development Department
    • 金融经济局(英语Financial and Economic Directorate
      • 金融与规划部(英语Financial and Budget Department
      • 经济部(英语Economic Department
    • 国家银行秘书处(英语Secretariat of the National Bank
      • 控制和组织工作部(英语Control and Organisational Work Department
      • 文档支持部(英语Documentary Support Department
      • 协议与编务司(英语Protocol and Editorial Division
    • 信息与公共关系部(英语Information and Public Relations Department
      • 公共关系与大众传媒司(英语Public Relations and the Mass Media Division
      • 历史与信息司(英语History and Information Division
      • 参考文献和信息资源司(英语Reference and Information Resources Division
    • 国家机密保护司(英语State Secrets Protection Division
    • 布列斯特州主管部(英语Brest Region Main Department
    • 维捷布斯克州主管部(英语Vitebsk Region Main Department
    • 戈梅利州主管部(英语Gomel Region Main Department
    • 格罗德诺州主管部(英语Grodno Region Main Department
    • 莫吉廖夫州主管部(英语Mogilev Region Main Department
  • 董事会常务副主席辖:
    • 外汇法规与控制局(英语Foreign Exchange Regulation and Control Directorate
      • 外汇控制部(英语Foreign Exchange Control Department
      • 外汇法规部(英语Foreign Exchange Regulation Department
      • 对外经济活动监测部(英语Foreign Economic Activities Monitoring Department
    • 货币市场运行局(英语Monetary Operations Directorate
    • 国际业务局(英语International Operations Directorate
      • 贵金属宝石业务部(英语Precious Metals and Stones Operations Department
      • 银行代理,黄金与外汇贵重物品业务分析部(英语Correspondent Relations and Gold and Foreign Exchange Valuables Operations Analysis Department
      • 外汇贵重物品业务控制部(英语Foreign Exchange Valuables Operations Control Department
      • 外汇业务部(英语Foreign Exchange Operations Department
    • 支付系统局(英语Payment System Directorate
      • 支付系统组织与发展部(英语Payment Systems Organization and Development Department
      • 银行同业清算部(英语Interbank Settlements Department
      • 支付系统监督部(英语Payment System Oversight Department
    • 法律局(英语Legal Directorate
      • 银行活动法规配置部(英语Legal Provisioning of Banking Activity Department
      • 法规起草与监管法规检查部(英语Legal Acts Drafting and Regulatory Legal Acts Examination Department
  • 董事会副主席辖:
    • 单一结算与信息空间局(英语Single Settlement and Information Space Directorate
      • 单一结算与信息空间发展部(英语Single Settlement and Information Space Development Department
      • 结算系统业务部(英语Settlement System Operation Department
      • 结算系统技术性基础设施司(英语Settlement System Technical Infrastructure Division
    • 信息技术局(英语Information Technologies Directorate
      • 信息技术发展局(英语Information Technologies Development Department
      • 信息系统支持部(英语Information Systems Support Department
      • 组织单位信息技术部(英语Information Technologies of the Organizational Units Department
      • 信息与支付系统基础设施部(英语Information And Payment Systems Infrastructure Department
      • 信息系统发展部(英语Information Systems Development Department
    • 信贷登记部(英语Credit Registry Department
    • 非银行业务监管部(英语Non-bank Operations Regulation Department
      • 小额信贷活动法规司(英语Microfinance Activities Regulation Division
      • 租赁活动法规司(英语Leasing Activities Regulation Division
      • 金融知识司(英语Financial Literacy Division
    • 银行支付卡和电子货币发展部(英语Bank Payment Cards and Electronic Money Development Department
    • 结算中心(英语Settlement Center
  • 董事会副主席辖:
    • 货币政策与经济分析局(英语Monetary Policy and Economic Analysis Directorate
      • 货币政策部(英语Monetary Policy Department
      • 经济分析部(英语Economic Analysis Department
      • 预报部(英语Forecasting Department
      • 研究部(英语Research Department
    • 国际收支和银行业统计局(英语Balance of Payments and Banking Statistics Directorate
      • 国际收支部(英语Balance of Payments Department
      • 银行业统计部(英语Banking Statistics Department
      • 统计信息汇总部(英语Aggregated Statistical Information Department
    • 对外经济活动局(英语Foreign Economic Activities Directorate
      • 国际金融与经济关系部(英语International Financial and Economic Relations Department
      • 合作一体化部(英语Integration Cooperation Department
      • 礼宾司英语Protocol Division
  • 董事会副主席辖:
    • 银行业监管局(英语Banking Supervision Directorate
      • 审慎监管方法部(英语Prudential Supervision Methodology Department
      • 宏观审慎监管部(英语Macroprudential Supervision Department
      • 系统性银行场外监管部(英语Systemic Banks Off-site Supervision Department
      • 非系统性银行场外监管部(英语Non-systemic Banks Off-site Supervision Department
      • 检查部(英语Inspection Department
        • 银行信用风险评估司(英语Banks Credit Risk Evaluation Division
        • 银行资产质量检验司(英语Banks Asset Quality Examination Division
        • 银行财务风险评估司(英语Banks Financial Risks Evaluation Division
        • 资本,非财务风险及银行管理评估司(英语Capital, Non-financial Risks, and Bank Management Evaluation Division
      • 注册及牌照事务司(英语Registration and Licensing Division
    • 银行业务监管局(英语Banking Operations Regulation Directorate
      • 非现金结算法规部(英语Non-cash Settlement Regulation Department
      • 信贷和存款业务方法部(英语Credit and Deposit Operations Methodology Department
      • 信贷和存款业务分析部(英语Credit and Deposit Operations Analysis Department
      • 信贷项目分析部(英语Credit Projects Analysis Department
    • 意识形态与社会发展部(英语Ideology and Social Development Department
    • 培训中心(英语Training Center
  • 董事会副主席辖:
    • 行政总局(英语Administration Directorate
      • 材料与技术供应部(英语Material and Technical Provision Department
      • 公用网运维部(英语Utilities Nets Operation and Maintenance Department
        • 中央存储库工程系统操作和服务司(英语Central Vault Engineering Systems Operation and Service Division
      • 机构内部支援部(英语In-house Support Department
      • 建筑保养部(英语Construction and Maintenance Department
      • 汽车支持部(英语Automotive Support Department
      • 财产处理部(英语Property Disposal Department
      • 公共餐饮部(英语Public Catering Department
    • 现金流通局(英语Cash Circulation Directorate
      • 现金业务组织部(英语Cash Operations Organization Department
      • 货币流通法规部(英语Money Circulation Regulation Department
      • 发行业务及贵重物品运输法规部(英语Issue Operations and Valuables Transportation Regulation Department
    • 中央储藏部(英语Central Vault Department
      • 现金管理部(英语Cash Management Department
      • 贵金属及宝石管理部(英语Precious Metals and Precious Stones Management Department
      • 现金服务部(英语Cash Services Department
      • 贵重物品运输部(英语Valuables Transportation Department
      • 控制部(英语Control Department
      • 组织工作及内部控制部(英语Organizational Work and Internal Control Department
      • 银行系统司(英语Banking Systems Division
    • 安全与信息保护部(英语Security and Information Protection Department
    • 劳工保护司(英语Labour Protection Division
  • 首席会计师辖:
    • 会计与报告局(英语Accounting and Reporting Directorate
      • 会计与报告组织及方法部(英语Accounting and Reporting Organization and Methodology Department
      • 合并会计与财务报告部(英语Consolidated Accounting and Financial Reporting Department
      • 银行业务核算部(英语Bank Operations Accounting Department
      • 国际业务核算部(英语International Operations Accounting Department
      • 银行间业务核算部(英语Intrabank Operations Accounting Department
      • 银行业核算方法部(英语Banking Accounting Methodology Department

参见[编辑]

外部链接[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Board of the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus. NBRB. [2014-07-05]. (原始内容存档于2013-02-24) (英文). "Employment of Nadezhda A. ERMAKOVA:since July 2011,Chairperson of the Board, National Bank of the Republic of Belarus" 
  2. ^ RESERVES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND GOLD. The World Factbook. [2014-11-22] (英文). 
  3. ^ The main objectives of the National Bank shall be as follows. NBRB. [2014-07-05]. (原始内容存档于2014-06-27) (英文). "Gaining profit shall not be the main objective of the National Bank." 
  4. ^ Functions of the National Bank. NBRB. [2014-07-05]. (原始内容存档于2014-06-27) (英文). 
  5. ^ Board of the National Bank. NBRB. [2014-07-05]. (原始内容存档于2014-06-27) (英文). "The membership of the Board of the National Bank shall be decided by the President of the Republic of Belarus,The members of the Board of the National Bank are not allowed to hold other public positions unless otherwise stipulated in the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and other legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus, as well as belong to political parties." 
  6. ^ Structure of the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus. NBRB. 1 July, 2014 [2014-07-02]. (原始内容存档于2014-06-27) (英文).