社會兩難處境

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社會兩難處境(英文social dilemma),是指私人利益與團體利益起衝突;在此情境下,人們短視近利,犧牲了團體、社會的利益。

参考[编辑]

  • Axelrod, R. A. (1984). The evolution of cooperation. New York: Basic Books
  • Batson, D., & Ahmad, N. (2008) Altruism: Myth or Reality?. In-Mind Magazine, 6.
  • Dawes, R. M. and Messick, M. (2000). Social Dilemmas. International Journal of Psychology, 35 (2), 111-116.
  • Dawes, R. M. (1980) 'Social dilemmas', Annual Review of Psychology 31, 169-193.
  • Kollock, P. (1998). Social dilemmas: Anatomy of cooperation. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 183-214.
  • Komorita, S, & Parks, C. (1994). Social Dilemmas. Westview Press.