科伊桑人

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科伊桑人(Khoi-San)為非洲的民族之一,主要分布于非洲南部。分为霍屯督人(意为“笨嘴的人”,即Khoi)、和布须曼人(意为“丛林人”,即San)。这两者是荷兰殖民者对非洲南部的土著居民的蔑称,霍屯督人后改为当地居民自称的科伊科伊人,意为“一般人”。

基因研究表明,科伊桑人在10万年前就已经存在,为已知最古老的民族。[1]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Schlebusch, C. M.; Skoglund, P.; Sjodin, P.; Gattepaille, L. M.; Hernandez, D.; Jay, F.; Li, S.; De Jongh, M.; Singleton, A.; Blum, M. G. B.; Soodyall, H.; Jakobsson, M. Genomic Variation in Seven Khoe-San Groups Reveals Adaptation and Complex African History. Science. 2012-09-20. doi:10.1126/science.1227721. 
  • Barnard, Alan (1992) Hunters and Herders of Southern Africa: A Comparative Ethnography of the Khoisan Peoples. New York; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
  • Barnard, Alan (2004) Mutual Aid and the Foraging Mode of Thought: Re-reading Kropotkin on the Khoisan. Social Evolution & History 3/1: 3-21.
  • Richard Borshay Lee (1976), Kalahari Hunter-Gatherers: Studies of the !Kung San and Their Neighbors, Richard B. Lee and Irven DeVore, eds. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Richard Borshay Lee (1979), The !Kung San: Men, Women, and Work in a Foraging Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Coon, Carleton: The Living Races of Man (1965)
  • Hogan, C. Michael (2008) "Makgadikgadi" at Burnham, A. (editor) The Megalithic Portal
  • Smith, Andrew; Malherbe, Candy; Guenther, Mat and Berens, Penny (2000), Bushmen of Southern Africa: Foraging Society in Transition. Athens: Ohio University Press. ISBN 0-8214-1341-4
  • Elizabeth Marshall Thomas (1958, 1989) The Harmless People.
  • Elizabeth Marshall Thomas (2006). The Old Way: A Story of the First People.

外部連結[编辑]