第三圣殿

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以西结书》第40-47章中描写的圣殿
基督教末世論
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自公元70年第二圣殿被毁之后,犹太教徒就祈祷神的应允,希望能在圣殿山上建造第三圣殿,这种祷告是犹太教每日三次的祷告中正式的一部分。尽管圣殿尚未建成,其概念和犹太人对其建立的渴望在犹太教(尤其是正统犹太教)中仍是神圣的。《塔纳赫》中记载了先知对第三圣殿建立的预言,称其会在弥赛亚时代被实现。

圣殿的平面图记载于《以西结书》第40章至第47章中(书中记载的圣殿与第一、第二圣殿在在外观、占地面积等方面皆不相同,因此被认为是对未来的第三圣殿的描写)。另外,在库姆兰发现的死海古卷的圣殿卷轴中亦有类似记载。

穆斯林的观点[编辑]

多数穆斯林(以生活在巴以地区和其他阿拉伯国家的穆斯林为甚),视第三圣殿的修建为对伊斯兰教的公然冒犯,因为圣殿山上已有阿克萨清真寺(立于原圣殿的废墟上)和圆顶清真寺存在。今天大部分穆斯林将这一地区视为圣地,并坚持认为自己对这一地区拥有主权,甚至否认圣殿山与犹太教圣殿的任何联系进而拒绝承认犹太人进入这一地区的权利。[1][2]东耶路撒冷以色列当局占领以来,穆斯林中的原教旨主义者常常呼吁对进入圣殿山的非穆斯林教徒使用武力。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Fendel, Hillel. Israeli Sheikh: Temple Mount is Entirely Islamic. Arutz Sheva. November 6, 2006 [2006-11-12]. "We remind, for the 1,000th time, that the entire Al-Aqsa mosque, including all of its area and alleys above the ground and under it, is exclusive and absolute Muslim property, and no one else has any rights to even one grain of earth in it." 
  2. ^ Sheikh Salah: Western Wall belongs to Muslims, February 18, 2007

扩展阅读[编辑]

  • Gorenberg, Gershom. The End of Days : Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount. Free Press, 2000. ISBN 0-684-87179-3 (Journalist's view)
  • Ha'Ivri, David. Reclaiming the Temple Mount. HaMeir L'David, 2006. ISBN 965-90509-6-8 (Advocacy of immediate rebuilding of a Third Temple)
  • Grant R. Jeffrey. The New Temple and The Second Coming. WaterBrook Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1-4000-7107-4
  • N. T. Wright, "Jerusalem in the New Testament" (1994) (Jesus claimed to do and be what the Temple was and did)
  • Ben F. Meyer. "The Temple at the Navel of the Earth," in Christus Faber: the master builder and the house of God. Princeton Theological Monograph Series no. 29. Allison Park, Pa.: Pickwick Publications, 1992. (Arguing that, for Jesus, the real referents of the imagery of biblical promise—Zion, or cosmic rock and, on it, God's gleaming temple of the end of days—were himself and his messianic remnant of believers.)

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