約翰·曼尼

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約翰·威廉·曼尼博士(John William Money,1921年7月8日-2006年7月7日)是一位心理學家性學家,他因為在性認同方面的研究而著名,曼尼在他的生涯內創制了不少具影響力的理論和專有名詞,包括性別認同性別角色、性別認同/角色和愛情地圖等。

曼尼從1951年起直至過世為止都是約翰霍普金斯大學小兒科醫療心理學教授,在那裡他參與性行為諮詢小組,此小組做變性手術,但在1979年停止。[1]他也因為一件有爭議的大衛·利馬(David Reimer)醫療案例而為人所知,曼尼曾宣稱成功的將遭受到差勁包皮手術還是嬰兒的利馬變性為女性,之後沒有報告這次變性其實是失敗的。

個人經歷[编辑]

出生在紐西蘭摩林斯維的一個基督教友愛會的家庭,曼尼最初在威靈頓維多利亞大學學習心理學[2],他為了在匹茲堡大學精神病研究所學習在1947年移民到美國,他後來離開匹玆堡並在1952年在哈佛大學得到他的博士學位,他曾在1950年代短暫結婚但沒有小孩。

曼尼是很早就是紐西蘭藝術的支持者,文學和視覺方面的都有,他是珍娜·法蘭姆英语Janet Frame(Janet Frame)的著名朋友和支持者。在2002年,當他的帕金森氏症逐漸惡化時,他將自己的收藏很大的一部份捐給紐西蘭Eastern Southland美術館。[3]

曼尼在美國馬里蘭州陶森住院治療時過世。[4]

性認同、性別認同和性別角色[编辑]

批評與評論[编辑]

大衛·利馬[编辑]

在戀童癖方面[编辑]

參考書目[编辑]

  • Money, John. Hermaphroditism: An Inquiry into the Nature of a Human Paradox. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Harvard University, 1952.
  • Money, John. The Psychologic Study of Man (1957) Thomas: ASIN B0007E4LMC
  • Money, John. A Standardized Road-Map Test of Direction Sense (1965) Academic Therapy Publications: ASIN B0006WTB2K
  • Money, John. Sex Errors of the Body and Related Syndromes: A Guide to Counseling Children, Adolescents, and Their Families , 2nd ed. Baltimore: P.H. Brooks Publishing Company, 1994. ISBN 1-55766-150-2
  • Money, John. Man & Woman, Boy & Girl: Gender Identity from Conception to Maturity. Northvale, N.J.: Jason Aronson, 1996. Originally published: Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1972. ISBN 1-56821-812-5
  • Money, John, and Patricia Tucker. Sexual Signatures on Being a Man or a Woman. (1975) Little Brown & Co: ISBN 0-316-57825-8
  • Money, John. Love and Love Sickness: the Science of Sex, Gender Difference and Pair-Bonding, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980. ISBN 0-8018-2317-X, ISBN 0-8018-2318-8 (pbk.)
  • Money, John. The Destroying Angel: Sex, Fitness & Food in the Legacy of Degeneracy Theory, Graham Crackers, Kellogg’s Corn Flakes & American Health History. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1985. ISBN 0-87975-277-7
  • Money, John. Lovemaps: Clinical Concepts of Sexual/Erotic Health and Pathology, Paraphilia, and Gender Transposition in Childhood, Adolescence, and Maturity. New York: Irvington, 1986. ISBN 0-8264-0852-4
  • Money, John. Venuses Penuses: Sexology, Sexosophy, and Exigency Theory. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1986 ISBN 0-87975-327-7
  • Money, John. Gay, Straight, and In-Between: The Sexology of Erotic Orientation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-19-505407-5
  • Money, John. Vandalized Lovemaps: Paraphilic Outcome of 7 Cases in Pediatric Sexology. (1989) Prometheus Books: ISBN 0-87975-513-X
  • Money, John, and H. Musaph (eds). Biographies of Gender and Hermaphroditism. (1991) Elsevier Publishing Company: ISBN 0-444-81403-5
  • Money, John, Gordon Wainwright, David Hingsburger. The Breathless Orgasm: A Lovemap Biography of Asphyxiophilia. (1991) Prometheus Books: ISBN 0-87975-664-0
  • Money, John. The Kaspar Hauser Syndrome of "Psychosocial Dwarfism": Deficient Statural, Intellectual, and Social Growth Induced by Child Abuse. (1992) Prometheus Books: ISBN 0-87975-754-X
  • Money, John. The Adam Principle: genes. genitals, hormones, and gender: Selected readings in sexology. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1993. ISBN 0-87975-804-X
  • Ronald W. Keyes and John Money. The Armed Robbery Orgasm: A Lovemap Autobiography of Masochism. (1993) Prometheus Books: ISBN 0-87975-856-2
  • Money, John. Principles of Developmental Sexology. New York: Continuum, 1994. ISBN 0-8264-1026-X
  • Money, John. Reinterpreting the Unspeakable: Human Sexuality 2000 : The Complete Interviewer and Clinical Biographer, Exigency Theory, and Sexology for the Third. New York: Continuum, 1994. ISBN 0-8264-0651-3
  • Money, John. Gendermaps: Social Constructionism, Feminism, and Sexosophical History. New York: Continuum, 1995. ISBN 0-8264-0852-4
  • Money, John. The Lovemap Guidebook: A Definitive Statement. (1999) Continuum: ISBN 0-8264-1203-3
  • Krivacska, James J., and John Money, eds. The Handbook of Forensic Sexology: Biomedical & Criminological Perspectives. (1994) Prometheus: ISBN 0-87975-883-X

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Duffy, J. (Winter 1999). Sexual Healing, Hopkins Medical News.
  2. ^ (July 10, 2006). Kiwi sexologist dies in US hospital. New Zealand Herald
  3. ^ Brewington, Kelly (July 9, 2006). Dr. John Money 1921-2006: Hopkins pioneer in gender identity. Baltimore Sun
  4. ^ Associated Press (July 9, 2006). Pioneer sex researcher dies at 84. via Seattle Post-Intelligencer

外部連接[编辑]