索馬里人

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索马里人
Soomaaliyeed
الصوماليون
Soomaaliyeed.jpg
總人口
1600万-1900万
分佈地區
非洲之角
 索馬利亞 8700万[1]
 衣索比亞 4600万[2]
 肯亞 900,000[3]
 吉布提 464,600[4]
 葉門 200,000[5]
 加拿大 150,000[6]
 英國 108,000[7]
 美國 85,700[8]
 瑞典 40,165[9]
 南非 40,000[10]
 荷蘭 33,750[11]
 挪威 27,523[12]
 阿联酋 25,000[13]
 沙烏地阿拉伯 20,000[13]
 丹麥 16,550[14]
 芬兰 9,000[15]
 義大利 6,414[16]
 澳大利亚 6,403[17]
語言
索马里语
宗教信仰
伊斯兰教
相關種族

索馬里人為「非洲之角」之一人種,他們主要講索馬里語(屬於亞非語系下的庫希特語族)。索馬里人大約有一千五百至一千七百萬人,主要住在索馬里(超過九百萬人[19])、埃塞俄比亞(四百六十萬人)、肯尼亞東北部(一百萬人)、也门(将近一百萬)、吉布提(三十五萬人),另外有許多人因為索馬里內戰關係而疏散前往中东北美歐洲

他们可分为游牧与務农两种。他们是埃塞俄比亞当地土著与阿拉伯人混血,属地中海人种

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ CIA World Factbook: Somalia, people and Map of the Somalia Ethnic groups (CIA according de Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection). The first gives 15% non-Somalis and the second 6%. Used 85% of current population of Somalia.
  2. ^ Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, "Census 2007", first draft, Table 5.
  3. ^ Kenya: 2009 Census Delayed Over Somali Numbers
  4. ^ CIA World Factbook - Djibouti - People and Society; *N.B. ~60% of 774,389 total pop.
  5. ^ Shire, Saad A. Transactions with Homeland: Remittance. Bildhaan. : *N.B. Somali migrant population, Middle East including Yemen.
  6. ^ Ontario Municipal Election: Somali Canadian Prospective. Hiiraan Online. 10 November 2006 [8 July 2013]. ; *N.B. 44,995 individuals reported Somali ethnicity in 2011 National Household Survey - c.f. [1]
  7. ^ Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth, April 2009 to March 2010 (Table 1.3). Office for National Statistics. [30 December 2010].  Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95 percent confidence intervals.
  8. ^ Survey: Nearly 1 in 3 US Somalis live in Minnesota
  9. ^ Statistics Sweden
  10. ^ Jinnah, Zaheera. Making Home in a Hostile Land: Understanding Somali Identity, Integration, Livelihood and Risks in Johannesburg. J Sociology Soc Anth, 1 (1-2): 91-99 (2010). KRE Publishers. [6 March 2014]. 
  11. ^ Statistics Netherlands
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 Somalia's Missing Million: The Somali Diaspora and its Role in Development
  14. ^ StatBank Denmark
  15. ^ IOM - Finland
  16. ^ Official demographic statistics in Italy - ISTAT
  17. ^ of Usual Residence&subaction=-1&issue=2006&producttype=Census Tables&documentproductno=0&textversion=false&documenttype=Details&collection=Census&javascript=true&topic=Ancestry&action=404&productlabel=Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex&order=1&period=2006&tabname=Details&areacode=0&navmapdisplayed=true& 2006 Census Tables
  18. ^ Joireman, Sandra F. Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa: The Allocation of Property Rights and Implications for Development. Universal-Publishers. 1997年: 1. ISBN 1581120001. "The Horn of Africa encompasses the countries of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. These countries share similar peoples, languages, and geographical endowments." 
  19. ^ CIA World Factbook