- 1 A系统
- 2 B系统
- 3 其他车辆段
- 4 参考文献
174 号街道 停车场站[编辑]
207th Street Yard[编辑]
The 207th Street Shop is one of two heavy overhaul shops in the New York City Subway system (the other being the Coney Island Yard in Brooklyn) and provides overhaul and rebuilding of most A Division cars as well as some B Division rolling stock.
The yard also stores cars that are being retired or awaiting scrapping and restores cars designated for the New York Transit Museum.
The Canarsie Yard (also known as AY Yard from its telegraphy letters) is located on the south end of the BMT Canarsie Line adjacent to Canarsie – Rockaway Parkway. It is the primary layup yard for the L train and hosts the only car wash for the entire BMT Eastern Division, washing trains for the J, L, M and Z services. Signals were installed in 2003 in conjunction with the BMT Canarsie Line automation project. This greatly increases the safety of train movements in the yard, as the L train has some of the fastest growing ridership in the system.
Church Avenue Yard[编辑]
The Church Avenue Yard is an underground rail yard on the IND Culver Line, used to store trains for the G service. It is composed of four tracks directly under the four main line tracks above. This yard is directly connected through the IND Church Avenue station which presently is the terminus for "G" service. At least one of the yard's inner-most 4-tracks is in continuous use to turn-back equipment to the opposite direction. There are two ramps between each local and express track south of Church Avenue station for access. Each track can hold one full-length train between the bumper blocks and the crossovers.
Coney Island Complex[编辑]
The complex was built in 1926 on former marshlands that, along with Coney Island Creek, formerly separated Coney Island from the main body of Brooklyn. Much of this land had originally been proposed for use as a ship canal and port facility.
Regular scheduled maintenance is performed here for a fleet of nearly 800 cars serving the B, G, N, Q and Franklin Avenue Shuttle trains. The shop facility along with 207th St. does heavy maintenance and overhaul for every one of the approximately 6,000 cars in the subway system, including the Staten Island Railway.
In addition to heavy maintenance facilities and track facilities for cars undergoing maintenance and overhaul, the complex includes three related railroad storage yards. The main yard facility, known as "Coney Island Yard," includes direct connections to the adjacent BMT Sea Beach Line (N train) and a two-track elevated structure to the BMT West End Line (D train). The main yard also serves trains on the BMT Brighton Line (B Q trains) via tracks C & D (aka 3 & 4) of Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue station. The adjacent but separate Culver (or "City") Yard connects to the IND Culver Line (F train) at the eastern border of the yard complex. Another yard, "Stillwell Yard," used mainly for off-peak train storage, is located across the Sea Beach Line from the main yard complex in a "V" between the divergent Sea Beach and West End Lines.
In addition to the maintenance shop and yards, there is a Health Center (gym) for Transit Authority employees and a firing range for the New York City Police Department (NYPD). The range was originally built for the New York City Transit Police Department, which was merged with the NYPD in 1995.
Concourse Yard Entry Buildings
|地點||W. 205th St., bet. Jerome and Paul Aves., Bronx, New York|
|面積||less than one acre|
|MPS||New York City Subway System MPS|
Concourse Yard Substation
|地點||3119 Jerome Ave., Bronx, New York|
|收錄日期||February 9, 2006|
The Concourse Yard is located in northern Bronx near 205th Street and Jerome Avenue. This yard is home to all cars assigned to the D trains and are maintained at this yard, although many trains assigned to the B and 4 services are stored here as well. Connecting tracks lead north from the yard to the IND Concourse Line and south to the IRT Jerome Avenue Line. Concourse Yard is spanned across its middle by Bedford Park Boulevard West, and at its northern end by a 205th Street viaduct. The Jerome Yard used by the IRT Jerome Avenue Line lies to the north of 205th Street.
The Concourse Yard Entry Buildings and Concourse Yard Substation were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. The former consists of two, three-story brick buildings with only the top story visible from the street that are built next to one another to form a gateway to the Concourse Yard. They feature ornamental limestone columns and aluminum doors. The buildings are connected by an iron bridge that retains its original Art Deco balustrade. The latter is a one-story brick building measuring 50 feet by 100 feet and featuring a brick parapet with ornamental limestone and aluminum doors.
East New York Yard[编辑]
East New York Yard (also known as DO Yard from its telegraphy letters) is primarily used to store and repair trains on the J, L, M and Z trains. Subway equipment is inspected and maintained there on a regular basis.
It is located at the junction of the Canarsie and Jamaica Lines near the intersection of Broadway and Jamaica Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. A separate part of the facility houses the East New York Bus Depot, formerly a trolley depot. The yard is entirely equipped with hand-operated switches. Only the Fresh Pond Yard and 36th–38th Street Yard share this characteristic.
Portions of the yard date back to 1885 and the Lexington Avenue Elevated and the yard predates the rebuilding of nearby Broadway Junction, which was formerly known as Manhattan Junction or East New York Loop.
The yard and its main lead configuration remained the same before and after the extensive elevated line rebuilding nearby, but additional track and structure was built, so that, at its peak, East New York Yard had direct connections to the Broadway Elevated going west, Jamaica Line going east, Canarsie Line going east, and Fulton Street Elevated both east and west.
Fresh Pond Yard[编辑]
The Fresh Pond Yard in Middle Village, Queens is located to the back of the Fresh Pond Bus Depot formerly a trolley depot, and is used for storing the R160As that run on the M train. It is located between Fresh Pond Road and Middle Village – Metropolitan Avenue on the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line, but is only accessible from the latter station. Trains must first platform there and then reverse into the yard. The yard is entirely equipped with hand-operated switches. Only East New York Yard and 36th–38th Street Yard share this characteristic.
Jamaica Yard is located in Kew Gardens, Queens at the south end of Flushing Meadows–Corona Park. It is connected to the IND Queens Boulevard Line at a three-way flying junction. The yard is on surface level, and the four-track approach includes a bridge over the Grand Central Parkway, despite the Queens Boulevard Line being underground. The site upon which the yard sits at the head of the valley of the Flushing River was, during the American Revolution, occupied by British troops after the Battle of Long Island.
The yard was built for the Independent Subway System in the 1930s and served as the south end of the World's Fair Railroad in 1939 and 1940. The yard provides carwash, interior cleaning, grease and minor repair services to the R46s and R160s that are assigned to the E, F, and R trains. Some R160s for the M train are stored here as well during weekdays.
The Pitkin Yard is located in East New York, Brooklyn. It holds the Pitkin Shops, which maintain the R46s used on the A train and Rockaway Park Shuttle. Some R32s used on the C train are also stored here.
Track connections from the yard connect both railroad north to Euclid Avenue and railroad south past Grant Avenue on the IND Fulton Street Line. This allows trains to be added or removed from service in either direction.
Rockaway Park Yard[编辑]
Rockaway Park Yard is located in Rockaway Park, Queens. It is a layup yard for the R46s on the Rockaway Park Shuttle and A train, although they are primarily maintained at the Pitkin Yard in Brooklyn. R40A #4392-93 are used for school training in this yard.
This yard is adjacent to Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street. Like the IND Rockaway Line itself, the Rockaway Yard was originally a yard for the Rockaway Beach Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. It included a water tower, a roundhouse, and an elevated loop track for Brooklyn Rapid Transit trains.
36th-38th Street Yard[编辑]
The 36th–38th Street Yard is located between Fifth and Seventh Avenues in Sunset Park, Brooklyn, adjacent to the Jackie Gleason Bus Depot. This yard is not normally used for revenue-service train maintenance, though some trains for the R service are stored here. Its primary function is to store diesel and electrically powered maintenance-of-way and other non-revenue service rolling stock. It is also used to transfer trash from garbage collector trains to trucks via platforms inside the yard just south of 37th Street.
This southern part of the yard was formerly the center of the South Brooklyn Railway, which extended from Bush Terminal through the north part of the yard, then down Gravesend Avenue and into the Coney Island Yard. The yard is entirely equipped with hand-operated switches. Only Fresh Pond Yard and East New York Yard share this characteristic.
Linden Shops is a track shop, where track switches and other components are assembled. It has track connections to the IRT New Lots Line and BMT Canarsie Line, but no third rail, restricting the facility to diesel-powered trains only. There is also a track connection to the Long Island Rail Road's Bay Ridge Branch. This connection is one of two from the subway to the mainline United States rail network (the BMT West End Line is the other).
- ^ 1.0 1.1 East 180th St. & Unionport Yards. [2012-03-01].
- ^ IRT Subway: Small action at the (2) (5) Unionport Yard (180th Street) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5_KNc0Mk5Q&
- ^ The Bronx IRT, Lenox/White Plains Road/Dyre Avenue Line. [2012-03-04].
- ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 National Register Information System. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- ^ 5.0 5.1 Kathleen A. Howe. National Register of Historic Places Registration: Concourse Yard Entry Buildings. New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. March 2004 [2011-01-12]. See also: Accompanying five photos.
- ^ East New York Yard. NYCSubway.org. [2012-03-02].
- ^ Track map created by Peter Dougherty and published in his book "Tracks of the New York City Subway" (Fourth Edition)
- ^ Richmond Hill Record
- ^ UTU Article 2004
- ^ Kennedy, Randy. A Day in the Subway, as It Rolls Up a Century. New York Times. October 27, 2004 [September 2, 2009].
- ^ MTA, Capital Program 2005–2009, accessed April 17, 2007