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维也纳之围

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维也纳之围
鄂图曼欧洲战争鄂图曼-哈布斯堡战争的一部分
Belagerung Wiens 1529-Beham.jpg
1529年维也纳之围
日期: 1529年9月27日-10月14日
地点: 奥地利维也纳
結果: 奥地利胜利
參戰方
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg 奥地利大公国
一些波希米亚德国西班牙雇佣兵
Ottoman flag.svg 鄂图曼帝国
Flag of Moldavia.svg 摩尔达维亚
塞尔维亚人
指揮官和领导者
威廉·冯·洛加多夫
力卡拿斯·加拉夫·萨利姆 †
苏莱曼一世
大维齐尔巴加利·易卜拉欣·巴沙
兵力
大约17,000 人[1] 大约120,000人[2]
伤亡与损失
不详,但大量农民被杀[3] 不详,但多于奥军[4]

1529年的维也纳之围与1683年的维也纳之战不同,是苏丹苏莱曼一世所率领的鄂图曼帝国穆斯林,第一次尝试夺取维也纳,但是失败告终。这一战是鄂图曼帝国第一次侵略中欧,此战之后的150年奥地利和鄂图曼帝国互相争夺中欧,直至维也纳之战为止。

一些历史学家认为苏莱曼一世这次进攻中欧的主要目的是要重新确立鄂图曼帝国在匈牙利的统治,而这次进攻维也纳只是一个偶然的机会。

参见[编辑]

参考及注释[编辑]

  1. ^ Turnbull says the garrison was "over 16,000 strong". The Ottoman Empire, p 50; Keegan and Wheatcroft suggest 17,000. Who's Who in Military History, p 283; Some estimates are just above 20,000, for example: "Together with Wilhelm von Roggendorf, the Marshal of Austria, Salm conducted the defense of Vienna with 16,000 regulars and 5,000 militia." Dupuy, Trevor, et al, The Encyclopedia of Military Biography, p 653.
  2. ^ Turnbull suggests Suleiman had "perhaps 120,000" troops when he reached Osijek on 6 August. The Ottoman Empire, p 50; Christopher Duffy suggests "Suleiman led an army of 125,000 Turks". Siege Warfare: Fortresses in the Early Modern World 1494-1660, p 201. For higher estimates, see further note on Suleiman's troops.
  3. ^ Turnbull, Stephen. The Ottoman Empire 1326 - 1699. New York: Osprey, 2003.pg 51
  4. ^ Turnbull, Stephen. The Ottoman Empire 1326 - 1699. New York: Osprey, 2003. pg 51

参考书目[编辑]

  • Chirot, Daniel, The Origins of Backwardness in Eastern Europe, 1980, ISBN 0-52-200762-0
  • Duffy, Christopher, Siege Warfare: Fortresses in the Early Modern World 1494-1660, Routledge, 1996, 0-14-514649-6
  • Dupuy, Trevor.N., Curt Johnson, and David.L.Bongard, The Encyclopedia of Military Biography, I.B.Tauris & Co. Ltd., 1992, ISBN 1-85043-569-3
  • Fisher, Sydney Nettleton, The Middle East: A History, Knopf, 1979 3rd ed, ISBN 0-394-32098-0
  • Kann, Robert Adolf, A History of the Habsburg Empire: 1526-1918, University of California Press, 1980, ISBN 0-520-04206-9
  • Keegan, John, and Andrew Wheatcroft, Who's Who in Military History: From 1453 to the Present Day, Routledge (UK), 1996, ISBN 0-415-12722-X
  • Louthan, Howard, The Quest for Compromise: Peacemakers in Counter-Reformation Vienna, 1997, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-58082-X
  • Lyber, Albert Howe, The Government of the Ottoman Empire in the Time of Suleiman the Magnificent, Harvard University Press, 1913
  • Murphey, Rhoads, Ottoman Warfare 1500-1700, Rutgers University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-8135-2685-X
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan, The Oxford History of the Crusades, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-280312-3
  • Shaw, Stanford Jay, and Ezel Kural Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Cambridge University Press, 1977, ISBN 0-521-29163-1
  • Sicker, Martin, The Islamic World in Decline: from the Treaty of Karlowitz to the Disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, Praeger/Greenwood, 2000, ISBN 0-275-96891-X
  • Spielman, John Philip, The City and the Crown: Vienna and the Imperial Court, Purdue University Press, 1993, ISBN 1-55753-021-1
  • Toynbee, Arnold, A Study of History, Oxford University Press, 1987 edition, ISBN 0-19-505080-0
  • Turnbull, Stephen, The Ottoman Empire: 1326-1699, Osprey Publishing, 2003, ISBN 1-84176-569-4
  • Tracy, James. D., Europe's Reformations: 1450-1650, Rowman and Littlefield, 2006, ISBN 0-7425-3789-7
  • Walton, Mark.W., George.F.Nafziger, and Laurent.W.Mbanda, Islam at War: A History, Praeger/Greenwood, 2003, ISBN 0-275-98101-0