罗伯茨时期美国最高法院案例列表

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这是一个美国最高法院首席大法官约翰·格洛佛·罗伯茨 (2005年9月29日 - 至今)任职期间依时间顺序排列的案例列表

已判决的案件[编辑]

已判决和公布[编辑]

下表所列判例已被编入美国最高法院判例汇编。

案件名 引用 简介
Gonzales v. Oregon 546 U.S. 243 (2006) Attorney General did not permissibly construe Controlled Substances Act to prohibit the distribution of drugs for physician-assisted suicide
Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England 546 U.S. 320 (2006) Invalidating statute and lower courts rendering narrower declaratory and injunctive relief
赖斯诉柯林斯案 546 U.S. 333 (2006) Habeas corpus relief may not be granted on the basis of debatable inferences used to overturn the trial court's finding vis-á-vis peremptory challenges
Central Virginia Community College v. Katz 546 U.S. 356 (2006) state sovereign immunity under the 11th Amendment and the Bankruptcy Clause
Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao do Vegetal 546 U.S. 418 (2006) Federal government could not bar religious use of hallucinogenic tea
Buckeye Check Cashing, Inc. v. Cardegna 546 U.S. 440 (2006) Arbitrator must decide legality of contract unless arbitration clause is itself being challenged
Domino's Pizza, Inc. v. McDonald 546 U.S. 470 (2006) agent of a party to a contract cannot state a claim under 美國法典第42卷英语Title 42 of the United States Code第1981章 because he himself does not have rights to make or enforce under the contract
杜兰诉美国邮政系统案 546 U.S. 481 (2006) scope of immunity of the United States Postal Service under the Federal Tort Claims Act
Arbaugh v. Y & H Corporation 546 U.S. 500 (2006) "Employee-numerosity" requirement of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is substantive, rather than jurisdictional in nature
Oregon v. Guzek 546 U.S. 517 (2006) States may constitutionally limit the evidence of innocence a defendant convicted of a capital offense may present at his sentencing hearing to the evidence already presented at his trial.
Texaco, Inc. v. Dagher 547 U.S. 1 (2006) joint venture was not a price-fixing scheme under antitrust law
Scheidler v. National Organization for Women 547 U.S. 9 (2006) physical violence unrelated to robbery or extortion falls outside the scope of the Hobbs Act
Illinois Tool Works, Inc. v. Independent Ink, Inc. 547 U.S. 28 (2006) patented products involved in product tying arrangements are not presumed to have market power under antitrust law
Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights 547 U.S. 47 (2006) law schools receiving federal funds may not ban military recruiters
美国诉格拉布斯案 547 U.S. 90 (2006) anticipatory search warrant did not violate the particularity clause of the 4th Amendment
佐治亚州诉兰多夫案 547 U.S. 103 (2006) police cannot conduct a warrantless search in a home where one occupant consents and the other objects
Day v. McDonough 547 U.S. 198 (2006) A State's unintentional failure to object to the filing of a habeas corpus petition after the statute of limitations has expired does not prevent a district court from dismissing the petition on its own initiative
Northern Ins. Co. of N.Y. v. Chatham County 547 U.S. 268 (2006) sovereign immunity does not apply to admiralty suit against county
Jones v. Flowers 547 U.S. 220 (2006) sufficiency of notice for tax sale
哈特曼诉摩尔案 547 U.S. 250 (2006) A plaintiff in a retaliatory-prosecution action against federal officials must plead and show the absence of probable cause for pressing the underlying criminal charges.
Ark. Dep't of Human Servs. v. Ahlborn 547 U.S. 268 (2006) state liens on personal injury settlements
Marshall v. Marshall 547 U.S. 293 (2006) federal bankruptcy court binding state court on inheritance question
霍姆斯诉南卡罗来纳州案 547 U.S. 319 (2006) limitations on exclusion of evidence in murder case, 6th Amendment
DaimlerChrysler Corp. v. Cuno 547 U.S. 332 (2006) taxpayer standing in a Dormant Commerce Clause case
Sereboff v. Mid Atlantic Medical Services, Inc. 547 U.S. 356 (2006) fiduciary's recovery of personal injury settlement under ERISA
eBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C. 547 U.S. 388 (2006) nature of patent injunctions - revisiting Continental Paper Bag Co. v. Eastern Paper Bag Co.
S. D. Warren Co. v. Maine Bd. of Env. Protection 547 U.S. 370 (2006) interpreting scope of activities covered by the Clean Water Act
布里格姆城诉斯图尔特案 547 U.S. 398 (2006) reasonableness of officers' warrantless entry into a home to stop a fight under the "emergency aid exception"
Garcetti v. Ceballos 547 U.S. 410 (2006) extent of public employees' First Amendment right to free speech in the workplace
Anza v. Ideal Steel Supply Corp. 547 U.S. 451 (2006) activities subject to RICO
Zedner v. United States 547 U.S. 489 (2006) a criminal defendant may not prospectively waive his rights under the Speedy Trial Act
House v. Bell 547 U.S. 518 (2006) Post-conviction DNA forensic evidence can be considered in death penalty appeals
希尔诉麦克唐纳案 547 U.S. 573 (2006) a challenge to lethal injection as violating the Eighth Amendment properly raised a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and is not barred by previous habeas corpus petition
哈德森诉密歇根州案 547 U.S. 586 (2006) evidence obtained with a search warrant is admissible even when police violate 'knock-and-announce' rule
Rapanos v. United States 547 U.S. 715 (2006) whether wetlands are part of the "navigable waters of the United States" and thus regulated by the Clean Water Act
戴维斯诉华盛顿案 547 U.S. 813 (2006) whether a 911 call is "testimonial" under Crawford v. Washington
萨姆森诉加利福尼亚案 547 U.S. 843 (2006) evidence obtained in a suspicionless search of parolees is admissible, and not prohibited under the Fourth Amendment
狄克逊诉合众国案 548 U.S. 1 (2006) burden of proof for duress as a defense to Federal firearms law violations
Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway Co. v. White 548 U.S. 53 (2006) a job reassignment which is dirtier and more strenuous may constitute retaliatory discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as may a month of suspension without pay even when the employee receives back pay
Woodford v. Ngo 548 U.S. 81 (2006) the Prison Litigation Reform Act requires proper exhaustion of administrative remedies before an inmate can file a lawsuit
United States v. Gonzalez-Lopez 548 U.S. 140 (2006) trial court's erroneous deprivation of a criminal defendant's choice of counsel entitles him to reversal of his conviction
堪萨斯州诉马什案 548 U.S. 163 (2006) statute allowing the death penalty in cases where the aggravating and mitigating evidence are equal does not violate the Eighth Amendment
Randall v. Sorrell 548 U.S. 230 (2006) campaign finance laws which limit expenditures violate the First Amendment, and the anticorruption benefits of contribution limits must be weighed against their First Amendment costs
Arlington Central School Dist. Bd. of Ed. v. Murphy 548 U.S. 291 (2006) The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act does not authorize the award of experts' fees to prevailing plaintiffs
Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon 548 U.S. 331 (2006) informing a suspect of his rights under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry 548 U.S. 399 (2006) Texas's 2003 redistricting of District 23 constituted a violation of Latinos' rights under the Voting Rights Act of 1965, however mid-decade redistricting is constitutional as long as it is not solely motivated by partisan gain
Hamdan v. Rumsfeld 548 U.S. 557 (2006) Guantanamo Bay detainees may not be tried by a military commission under the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005, and said military commission violates the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Geneva Conventions, both of which apply to the detainees, in that accused and their counsels may be excluded from their trial and knowing what evidence has been put against them
Clark v. Arizona 548 U.S. 735 (2006) constitutionality of Arizona's insanity defense statute
Lopez v. Gonzales 549 U.S. 47 (2006) misdemeanor drug crimes as aggravated felonies
Carey v. Musladin 549 U.S. 70 (2006) spectator publicity and the right to a fair trial; "clearly established" law under the AEDPA
BP America Production Co. v. Burton 549 U.S. 84 (2007) Statute of limitations on contract actions by the Federal Government under 美國法典第28卷英语Title 28 of the United States Code第2415章 is not applicable to administrative proceedings
Medimmune, Inc. v. Genentech, Inc. 549 U.S. 118 (2007) enforceability of patents before infringement
Cunningham v. California 549 U.S. 270 (2007) applicability of Blakely v. Washington to California's determinate sentencing law
Philip Morris USA v. Williams 549 U.S. 346 (2007) constitutional limitations on punitive damages
Marrama v. Citizens Bank of Massachusetts 549 U.S. 365 (2007) bad-faith exception to the right to convert Chapter 7 bankruptcy case to a Chapter 13 case
Sinochem International Co., Ltd. v. Malaysia International Shipping Corporation 549 U.S. 422 (2007) District Court may respond immediately to defendant's forum non conveniens motion before resolving jurisdictional or other threshold concerns
Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency 549 U.S. 497 (2007) power to regulate carbon dioxide emissions
Davenport v. Washington Education Association 550 U.S. 117 (2007) A state may require that its public-sector unions receive authorization from nonmembers before spending their agency fees for election-related purposes
冈萨雷斯诉卡哈特案 550 U.S. 124 (2007) 部份生产堕胎法合宪
James v. United States 550 U.S. 192 (2007) attempted burglary as a predicate crime under the Armed Career Criminal Act
Scott v. Harris 550 U.S. 372 (2007) Fourth Amendment seizure in a high speed chase, qualified immunity
KSR v. Teleflex 550 U.S. 398 (2007) Patent law, nonobviousness
Microsoft v. AT&T 550 U.S. 437 (2007) copying software in a foreign country cannot violate U.S. patent law
Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 550 U.S. 618 (2007) statute of limitations on employment discrimination claims
Permanent Mission of India v. City of New York 551 U.S. 193 (2007) whether a municipality can sue other countries to collect unpaid taxes
Bowles v. Russell 551 U.S. 205 (2007) Federal Courts of Appeals lack jurisdiction to hear habeas appeals that are filed late, even if the district court said the petitioner had additional time to file
Brendlin v. California 551 U.S. 249 (2007) whether a passenger in an automobile is "detained" so that he may assert a Fourth Amendment violation stemming from the traffic stop itself
Credit Suisse v. Billing 551 U.S. 264 (2007) Whether Congress's creation of the SEC implicitly exempted regulated industries from antitrust lawsuits
丽塔诉合众国案 551 U.S. 338 (2007) "reasonableness" of a federal prison sentence under United States v. Booker; continuing application of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Tellabs, Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd. 551 U.S. 308 (2007) The proper standard for determining whether a plaintiff has alleged a "strong inference" of scienter under the PSLRA
摩士诉弗雷德里克案 551 U.S. 393 (2007) free speech rights of high school students ("Bong Hits 4 Jesus")
CBOCS West v. Humphries 551 U.S. 442 (2008) race retaliation claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1981
Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. 551 U.S. 449 (2007) Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act's restriction on issue ads in election campaigns
Hein v. Freedom From Religion Foundation 551 U.S. 587 (2007) taxpayer standing to pursue an Establishment Clause claim against President Bush's faith-based initiative
Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1

Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education (companion case)

551 U.S. 701 (2007) affirmative action; using race as a tie-breaker in assigning students to public schools
Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. v. PSKS, Inc. 551 U.S. 877 (2007) applying rule of reason under Section 1 of the Sherman Act
Panetti v. Quarterman 551 U.S. 930 (2007) 对精神病患者的处决
沃森诉合众国案 552 U.S. 74 (2007) whether trading drugs for a gun constitutes use of a firearm under 美國法典第18卷英语Title 18 of the United States Code第924章 and Bailey v. United States
Kimbrough v. United States 552 U.S. 85 (2007) whether the 100:1 ratio between powder and crack cocaine imposed by the United States Sentencing Commission yields "reasonable" sentences
Gall v. United States 552 U.S. 38 (2007) "reasonableness" of a federal prison sentence under United States v. Booker; continuing application of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Stoneridge Investment Partners v. Scientific-Atlanta 552 U.S. 147 (2008) third parties, such as investment banks, accounting firms and suppliers, can be shielded from liability if they engage in business with companies that are involved in securities fraud.
Ali v. Federal Bureau of Prisons 552 U.S. 214 (2008) Case upholding the United States's sovereign immunity against tort claims brought when "any law enforcement officer" loses a person's property.
Riegel v. Medtronic, Inc. 552 U.S. 312 (2008) Medical Device Amendment’s preemption clause bars common-law claims challenging the safety or effectiveness of a medical device marketed in a form that received premarket approval from the FDA.
普雷斯顿诉费雷尔案 552 U.S. 346 (2008) the Federal Arbitration Act preempts state laws declaring that certain disputes must be resolved by a state administrative agency
斯奈德诉路易斯安那州案 552 U.S. 472 (2008) racial discrimination in jury selection; playing the "O.J. card"
Medellín v. Texas 552 U.S. 491 (2008) whether the president may direct state courts to obey an order of the World Court ruling regarding the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
New Jersey v. Delaware 552 U.S. 597 (2008) boundary dispute between New Jersey and Delaware involving the Twelve-Mile Circle
MeadWestvaco Corp. v. Illinois Dept. of Revenue 553 U.S. 16 (2008) determination of state tax liability for corporation operating in multiple states according to the "unitary business rule"
巴泽诉里斯案 553 U.S. 35 (2008) constitutionality of lethal injection protocols under the Eighth Amendment
Virginia v. Moore 553 U.S. 164 (2008) whether the Fourth Amendment requires suppression of evidence discovered in a search conducted in violation of state law
Crawford v. Marion County Election Board 553 U.S. 181 (2008) constitutionality of requiring voters to show ID before voting
Department of Revenue of Kentucky v. Davis 553 U.S. 328 (2008) Kentucky statute providing a preferential tax break to Kentucky residents who invest in bonds issued by the state and its municipalities does not discriminate against interstate commerce
United States v. Williams 553 U.S. 285 (2008) constitutionality of the PROTECT Act, a 2003 law intended to bolster federal restriction against child pornography, in the wake of Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition
Gomez-Perez v. Potter 553 U.S. 474 (2008) Federal employees who face retaliation after filing an age discrimination claim are authorized to sue under the federal-sector provision of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967.
Quanta v. LG Electronics 553 U.S. 617 (2008) patent exhaustion and its applicability to certain types of method patents
Boumediene v. Bush 553 U.S. 723 (2008) whether the Military Detainee Treatment Act of 2006 unconstitutionally suspends the writ of habeas corpus
Allison Engine Co. v. United States ex rel. Sanders 553 U.S. 662 (2008) Plaintiffs under the False Claims Act must demonstrate that the defendants intended to deceive the government, not simply that government money was used to pay the claim.
Munaf v. Geren 553 U.S. 674 (2008) habeas corpus statute extends to American citizens held overseas by American forces operating subject to an American chain of command
Indiana v. Edwards 554 U.S. 164 (2008) may a criminal defendant be competent to stand trial yet simultaneously not competent to represent himself at that trial?
Greenlaw v. United States 554 U.S. 237 (2008) may a federal appeals court sua sponte increase a defendant's sentence on appeal, without a formal appeal by the government?
Rothgery v. Gillespie County 554 U.S. 191 (2008) does a criminal defendant have a right to counsel at an ex parte arraignment?
Exxon Shipping Co. v. Baker 554 U.S. 471 (2008) legality of punitive damages award under federal maritime law for the Exxon Valdez oil spill
Kennedy v. Louisiana 554 U.S. 407 (2008) does the Eighth Amendment forbid the death penalty for rape of a child?
Giles v. California 554 U.S. 353 (2008) the forfeiture by wrongdoing exception to out of court statements by a witness only applies where the defendant caused the witness's absence in order to eliminate their testimony at trial
District of Columbia v. Heller 554 U.S. 570 (2008) does the Second Amendment allows a state or local government to outlaw the private possession of handguns?
Davis v. Federal Election Commission 554 U.S. 724 (2008) "Millionaire's amendment" to the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 violates the First Amendment
Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council 555 U.S. 7 (2008) military preparedness outweighs environmental concerns, as Navy needs to train its crews to detect modern, silent submarines
Altria Group, Inc. v. Good 555 U.S. 70 (2008) federal law does not preempt the states' prerogative to regulate the advertisement of tar and nicotine rates in cigarettes
Herring v. United States 555 U.S. 135 (2009) evidence obtained during a search the police conducted as a result of an isolated act of negligence not related to the search is not subject to the exclusionary rule
Oregon v. Ice 555 U.S. 160 (2009) the facts necessary for imposing consecutive prison terms need not be submitted to a jury in accordance with Apprendi v. New Jersey
Waddington v. Sarausad 555 U.S. 179 (2009) on federal habeas review, courts must accept state court determinations that jury instructions fully and correctly set out state law with regard to accomplice liability
Pearson v. Callahan 555 U.S. 223 (2009) Saucier v. Katz is overruled; courts need not determine whether a civil-rights plaintiff's constitutional rights were violated if they determine that the right was not clearly established at the time of the injury

已判决但未公布[编辑]

下表所列判例均为已判决但尚未编入美国最高法院判例汇编。

案件名 引用 判决日期 简介
Crawford v. Nashville Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 1/26/09 employees who cooperate with an internal investigation of alleged sexual harassment are protected against retaliation under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Van de Kamp v. Goldstein Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 1/26/09 prosecutors are immune from suit under 美國法典第42卷英语Title 42 of the United States Code第1983章 for improperly supervising the disclosures made by line prosecutors pursuant to Brady v. Maryland
United States v. Hayes Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 2/24/09 under 美國法典第18卷英语Title 18 of the United States Code第922(g)(9)章 people who have been convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence crimes may not possess firearms as long as the government proves that the underlying offense involved a domestic relationship
Pleasant Grove City v. Summum Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 2/25/09 a municipality that allows a privately donated Ten Commandments monument to be displayed on public property need not permit the religion of Summum to put up its own statue of similar size
Negusie v. Mukasey Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 3/3/09 under Chevron v. Natural Resources Defense Council, the Board of Immigration Appeals must decide in the first instance whether the so-called "persecutor bar" applicable to asylum applicants applies to those who were forced to persecute others in their home country
Wyeth v. Levine Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 3/4/09 federal drug labeling requirements do not preempt state drug labeling requirements enacted to ensure that the public knew certain drugs are safe
Fitzgerald v. Barnstable School Committee Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 3/4/09 Earlier decision overruled. Parents have the right to sue a school committee based on sexual harassment
14 Penn Plaza LLC v. Pyett Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/1/09 an employer and a union can agree that employees must resolve discrimination claims in arbitration instead of court
Arizona v. Gant Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/21/09 police power to search an arrested person's vehicle is limited to safety concerns and evidence related to the actual arrest
AT&T Corp. v. Hulteen Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 5/18/09 Held that maternity leave taken before the passage of the 1978 Pregnancy Discrimination Act is not retroactive and cannot be considered in calculating employee pension benefits.
FCC v. Fox Television Stations Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/28/09 upheld regulation of the FCC to ban "fleeting expletives" on television broadcasts
Dean v. United States Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/29/09 Upheld sentence for discharging a firearm during a violent crime, Congress intended a defendant to be held strictly liable for such an offense
Caperton v. A. T. Massey Coal Co. Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/8/09 Due process requirements for judges' recusal
United States ex rel. Eisenstein v. City of New York Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/8/09 Where the Government has not intervened or actively participated, private plaintiffs under the False Claims Act must filed an appeal within 30 days of the judgment or order being appealed, according to the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure
District Attorney's Office v. Osborne Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/18/09 Found no due process, postconviction right to access to the state's evidence for DNA testing.
Safford Unified School District v. Redding Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/25/09 strip search of a middle schooler violated the Fourth Amendment where the school lacked reasons to suspect either that the drugs presented a danger or that they were concealed in her underwear
Ricci v. DeStefano Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/29/09 White firefighters in New Haven suffered unfair discrimination because of their race when the city scrapped the results of a promotional exam.
Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/25/09 are forensic laboratory reports admissible under the Confrontation Clause as interpreted in Crawford v. Washington?
Entergy v. Riverkeeper Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/1/09 may the EPA require power companies to engage in a cost-benefit analysis when selecting the "best technology available for minimizing adverse environmental impact" at cooling water intake structures?
Ashcroft v. Iqbal Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 5/18/09 whether top government officials can be held personally liable for allegedly knowing or condoning of racial and religious mistreatment of suspected terrorists
Cone v. Bell Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/28/09 whether a death row inmate has forfeited the opportunity to argue that prosecutors withheld evidence important to his defense
Harbison v. Bell Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/1/09 whether the federal government must provide lawyers to death row inmates seeking clemency in state proceedings
Citizens United v. FEC Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 1/21/10 whether federal campaign finance laws apply to a critical film about Senator Hillary Clinton intended to be shown in theaters and on-demand to cable subscribers
Flores-Figueroa v. United States Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 5/4/09 whether the law enhancing the sentence for identity theft requries proof that an individual knew that the identity card or number he had used belonged to another, actual person
Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District Number One v. Mukasey Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/22/09 whether Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which gives the U.S. government authority to oversee state electoral-law changes, is no longer needed and is unconstitutional
Padilla v. Kentucky Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 3/31/10 must a criminal defendant's lawyer advise him of the immigration-related consequences of a criminal conviction?
Salazar v. Buono Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/28/10 First Amendment restrictions on displaying a cross on public property
Reed Elsevier, Inc. v. Muchnick Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 3/2/10 settlement of copyright infringement claims relating to an electronic database
Graham v. Florida Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase
5/17/10 whether Roper v. Simmons should also apply to sentences of life without the possibility of parole
Ontario v. Quon Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/17/10 Privacy rights of public employees over text messages on employer-issued pagers.
McDonald v. Chicago Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/28/10 whether the Second Amendment should also apply against state and local governments
Abbott v. United States Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 11/15/10 Mandatory minimum sentences under federal sentencing law
Los Angeles County v. Humphries Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 11/30/10 § 1983 actions are limited to those caused by a municipality's "policy or custom" regardless of whether the plaintiff seeks monetary or prospective relief
Premo, Superintendent, Oregon State Penitentiary v. Moore Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 01/19/11 Habeas relief may not be granted with respect to any claim a state-court has found on the merits unless the state-court decision denying relief involves an "unreasonable application" of "clearly established federal law, as determined by" the Court.
Swarthout v. Cooke Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 01/24/11 State prisoners have no Constitutional right to parole
Brown v. Plata Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 05/23/11 A three-judge panel of the District Court properly ordered the California prison system to release prisoners to resolve overcrowding.
Connick v. Thompson Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 3/29/11 A prosecutor's office cannot be held liable for a single Brady violation by one of its members on the theory that the office provided inadequate training.
Williamson v. Mazda Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 2/23/11 A car accident victim can sue the manufacturer for failing to install a shoulder/lap seatbelt even where federal law permits it to install only a lap belt.
Arizona Christian School Tuition Org. v. Winn Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 4/4/11 Taxpayers lack standing to challenge a tax credit program that provides dollar-for-dollar incentives to donations to school tuition groups, including those awarding tuition scholarships only to religious schools.
Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 5/26/11 An Arizona law that sanctions employers who hire illegal immigrants is not preempted by federal immigration law.
Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/27/11 The Constitution prevents the state of California from banning the sale of violent video games to minors.
Bullcoming v. New Mexico Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 6/23/11 A defendant's Confrontation Clause rights cover a non-testifying laboratory analyst whose supervisor testifies as to test results that the analyst transcribed from a machine.
Golan v. Holder
Template:UnreportedSCOTUScase 1/18/12 Congress can restore copyright protection to works that were formerly in the public domain.

进行中的案件[编辑]

案件名 Docket no. Cert. granted on 庭辩 简介
Lafler v. Cooper

Missouri v. Frye

10-209

10-444

1/7/11 TBD Whether a criminal defendant has a claim for ineffective assistance of counsel where his lawyer either deficiently advises him to reject a favorable plea (Lafler) or erroneously fails to communicate a plea offer to him (Frye).

外部链接[编辑]

Supreme Court's website - contains recent decisions, oral argument transcripts, and argument schedule