羅伯特·喬丹

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羅伯特˙喬丹

2005年時的羅伯特˙喬丹
出生 1948年10月17日(1948-10-17)
南卡羅萊納州查理斯頓
逝世 2007年9月16日 (58歲)
南卡羅萊納州查理斯頓
職業 小說家
體裁 奇幻
代表作 時光之輪
受影響於 J.R.R. Tolkien

小詹姆斯˙奧利佛˙瑞格尼,即較為人所熟知的筆名 羅伯特˙喬丹,是美國的奇幻小說作家。他因為時光之輪而為人所熟知。時光之輪由前傳和14本主體所組成。小詹姆斯·奧利佛·瑞格尼還曾以雷根·歐尼爾(Reagan O'Neal)為名發表歷史小說、以傑克森·歐萊利(Jackson O'Reilly)為名發表西部小說,以昌隆(Chang Lung)為名發表舞蹈評論。另外,由他代寫的《國際驚悚電影》專欄,至今已被認為是經由他人改寫過的。[1][2][3][4][5]

生平[编辑]

小詹姆斯·奧利佛·瑞格尼生於南卡羅萊納州查理斯頓。他曾在美國陸軍擔任直升機機槍手,並前往越南參與越戰(1968年~1970年)。He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross with [[oak

leaf cluster]], the Bronze Star with "V" and oak leaf cluster, and two Vietnamese Gallantry Crosses with palm. After returning from Vietnam he attended The Citadel where he

received an undergraduate degree in physics. After graduating he was employed by the United States Navy as a nuclear engineer. He

began writing in 1977. He was a history buff and enjoyed hunting, fishing, sailing, poker, chess, pool, and pipe collecting. He described

himself as a "High Church" Episcopalian[6] and received communion more than once a week.[7] He lived with his wife Harriet McDougal, who works as a book editor (currently with Tor Books; she was also Jordan's

editor) in a house built in 1797.[8] Responding to queries on the similarity of some of the concepts in his Wheel of Time books with Freemasonry concepts, Jordan

admitted that he was a Freemason. However, "like his father and grandfather," he preferred not to advertise, possibly because

of the negative propaganda against Freemasonry. In his own words, "no man in this country should feel in danger because of his

beliefs."[9]

健康狀況[编辑]

On March 23, 2006, Jordan disclosed in a statement[10] that he had been diagnosed with cardiac amyloidosis, and that with

treatment, his median life expectancy was four years, though he said he intended to beat the statistics. He later posted on his

Dragonmount blog to encourage his fans not to worry about him and that he intended to have a long and fully creative life.

He began chemotherapy treatment at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, in early April 2006.[11] Jordan was enrolled in a

study using the drug Revlimid just approved for multiple myeloma but not yet tested on primary amyloidosis.

逝世[编辑]

2007年9月16日2:45 p.m. EDT,羅伯特·喬丹去世[12] 葬禮於9月19日舉行[13] Jordan was cremated and his ashes buried in the churchyard of [[St. James Church (Goose Creek, South

Carolina)|St. James Church]] in Goose Creek, outside Charleston.[14][15]

His life was the subject of the feature length documentary The Wit of the Staircase: The Life and Works of Robert Jordan, scheduled for

release in late 2012.[16]

時光之輪[编辑]

《時光之輪》羅伯特·喬丹本來計劃寫14部。 Reviewers and fans of the earlier books noted a

slowing of the pace of events in the last few installments owing to the expansion of scale of the series as a whole.[17]

Because of his health problems, Jordan did not work at full force on the final installment A Memory of Light (later split into three

volumes beginning with The Gathering Storm), but blog entries confirmed that he continued work on it

until his death, and he shared all of the significant plot details with his family not long before he died.[18] He maintained that in doing so the book will get published even if "the worst actually happens."[19] 2007年12月7日, Tor Books宣布《時光之輪》將由布蘭登·山德森完成。喬丹遺孀Harriet McDougal的授權由奇幻作家布蘭登·山德森(Brandon Sanderson)續寫。[20]

時光之輪系列:

1. 世界之眼 (January 15, 1990)
2. 大狩獵 (November 15, 1990)
3. 真龍轉生 (October 15, 1991)
4. 闇影漸起 (September 15, 1992)
5. 天空之火 (October 15, 1993)
6. 混沌之王 (October 15, 1994) Locus Award nominee, 1995[21]
7. 劍之王冠 (May 15, 1996)
8. 匕之道 (October 20, 1998)
9. 寒冬之心 (November 9, 2000)
10. 光影歧路 (January 7, 2003)
11. 夢之刃 (October 11, 2005)
12. 光之回憶1:風起雲湧 (October 27, 2009) coauthored by Sanderson
13. 午夜之塔[22] (November 2, 2010)[23] coauthored by Sanderson
14. 光之回憶[22] (January 8, 2013)[24] coauthored by Sanderson

In addition to the main sequence, Robert Jordan also wrote some accessory works:

  • The World of Robert Jordan's the Wheel of Time (November 6, 1997, reference book, written in collaboration with Teresa Patterson)
    • This reference book includes "The Strike at Shayol Ghul", a short story published online in 1996 which was republished in print as part of

this reference book

located in the third volume of the paperback edition; the hardcover is one volume)

    • New Spring (January 2004, novel, an expanded work superseding the earlier novella)
  • From the Two Rivers, a repackaging of the first half of The Eye of the World for a younger market, includes an additional prologue

titled Ravens.

  • To the Blight, a repackaging of the second half of The Eye of the World for a younger market.
  • The Hunt Begins, a repackaging of the first half of The Great Hunt for a younger market.
  • New Threads in the Pattern, a repackaging of the second half of The Great Hunt for a younger market.

其他著作[编辑]

Cheyenne Raiders[编辑]

Cheyenne Raiders is a western published in 1982 under the pen name Jackson O'Reilly for the Forge imprint of

Tor Books.[1]

The Fallon Saga[编辑]

The Fallon Blood (1980), published under the pen name Reagan O'Neal, was Jordan's second novel and first published novel. It was

edited and published by Jordan's future wife, Harriet McDougal, for her personal imprint, Popham Press. After they finished promoting

the book on tour, they began dating, and when Jordan asked McDougal to marry him, he began selling his books directly to Tom Doherty at

Tor Books.[25] The following two books, [[The Fallon

Pride]] (1981) and The Fallon Legacy (1982) were published under Tor's Forge imprint. Jordan originally planned to take the series

much further:

I had intended to do a Southern arc of history. The general arc of history that is studied in the United States and recognized is

the move out of New England—Pennsylvania and New York—into the Ohio valley, and from there west to California, but there was a southern

arc, which was the move out of Virginia and the Carolinas into Louisiana and Mississippi, and from there into Texas, and from there through

New Mexico and Arizona into California. And I wanted to follow that in a series of novels that I originally intended to go from the American

Revolution through the Vietnam War, but I'll tell you the truth...I got tired of them. They were doing nicely, but I just got tired of them

and said, "I want to do something else."[1]

Conan the Barbarian[编辑]

Jordan was one of several writers who have written new Conan the Barbarian stories. When Tom Doherty obtained the rights, he needed a

novel very quickly, so Jordan's wife Harriet McDougal recommended him because she knew he had written his first novel, Warriors of the

Altaii, in thirteen days.

So he thought I could write something fast, and he was right, and I liked it. It was fun writing something completely over the top,

full of purple prose, and in a weak moment I agreed to do five more and the novelization of the second Conan movie. I've decided that those things were very good discipline for me. I had to work with a character and a world that had already been created and

yet find a way to say something new about the character and the world. That was a very good exercise.

Jordan wrote seven novels in the series:

  1. Conan the Invincible (1982)
  2. Conan the Defender (1982)
  3. Conan the Unconquered (1983)
  4. Conan the Triumphant (1983)
  5. Conan the Magnificent (1984)
  6. Conan the Destroyer (1984)
  7. Conan the Victorious (1984)

Some bibliographies also include Conan: King of Thieves; this was actually the working title of the second Conan movie, and hence also

the title Jordan's novelization. Jordan had already been hired to do the novelization and Tor had already applied for an ISBN when the title

was changed to Conan the Destroyer.[26]

They were packed into two separate volumes:

Jordan also compiled a well-known Conan Chronology.

私人著作[编辑]

Warriors of the Altaii[编辑]

Warriors of the Altaii is Jordan's first novel, which remains unpublished; it is 98,000 words in length, and he finished it in thirteen

days. Donald A. Wolheim at DAW Books made an offer for it, but revoked the offer when Jordan requested a small change in his

contract.[27] When Harriet McDougal was Editorial

Director for Ace Books, Tom Doherty hired Jim Baen to work under her, and when Doherty left Ace to start Tor Books in 1980,

Baen followed, working at Tor for a few years before starting his own imprint, Baen Books.[28][29] Baen did not have a very high opinion of fantasy, and so he bought Warriors for Ace Books as a [[science

fiction]] novel. When he left Ace for Tor, Susan Allison took his place and reverted the rights for the novel to Jordan. When McDougal

returned to Charleston to start her own imprint, Popham Press, she met Jordan and published his first

novel, The Fallon Blood.[30]

Infinity of Heaven[编辑]

Jordan mentioned several times that he planned another fantasy series set in a different kind of world. He said that it would be a [[Shōgun

(novel)|Shōgun]]-esque series about a man in his 30s who is shipwrecked in an unknown culture which would be similar to Seanchan culture in

his Wheel of Time series[31] and world. The books would detail his adventures

there and would have been titled Infinity of Heaven.[32]

He said that he would have begun writing these after finishing his work on the 12th and final main sequence book of [[The Wheel of

Time]]. Jordan said, "Infinity of Heaven almost certainly will be written before the prequels, though I might do them between the Infinity

books." Also according to Dragonmount.com, Jordan planned to write some side-story novels, before completely abandoning his decades-long

work. Jordan had particularly stressed that this series would be significantly shorter than The Wheel of Time saga (about 6 books long

and essentially two trilogies).

外部連結[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Ross. Radio Dead Air Interview with Robert Jordan. Radio Dead Air. September 2005 [2012-04-16]. 
  2. ^ Science Fiction Book Club Interview with Robert Jordan. SFBC. January 2001 [2012-04-16]. 
  3. ^ Aan'allein. [http://www.theoryland.com/intvmain.php?i=131#11 Leiden Signing Report]. Emma de Laat. 2001-04-04 [2012-04-16]. 
  4. ^ Barnes & Noble Chat with Robert Jordan. Seven Spokes. 1997-11-11 [2012-04-16]. 
  5. ^ Tahir Velimeev. [http://www.theoryland.com/intvmain.php?i=733#2 Wanderer Fantasy Convention - Interview with Robert Jordan]. Theoryland. September 2000 [2012-04-16]. 
  6. ^ Dragonmount, the Robert Jordan blog (June 1, 2007),
  7. ^ [http://www.dragonmount.com/RobertJordan/?p=92 Dragonmount, the Robert Jordan blog (September 27, 2007)].
  8. ^ [http://web.archive.org/web/20071012024117/http://www.tor.com/jordan/bio.html Robert Jordan and the Wheel of Time]. [August 10, 2009]. (原始内容存档于October 12, 2007). 
  9. ^ [http://13depository.blogspot.com/2002/03/freemasonry-and-wheel-of- time.html Freemasonry and the Wheel of Time]. 
  10. ^ Statement from Robert Jordan about his health in Locus Magazine. 
  11. ^ [http://www.tor.com/jordan/ Important note from Robert Jordan at Tor Books website – March 25, 2006][失效連結]
  12. ^ Jordan's death.. Dragonmount. [2011-11-28]. 
  13. ^ The Post and Courier. Charleston.net. 2007 -09-20 [2011-11-28]. 
  14. ^ Robert Jordan (1948 - 2007) - Find A Grave Memorial. Findagrave.com. [2011-11-28]. 
  15. ^ [http://www.dragonmount.com/RobertJordan/?p=134 "The Stone" - Entry in Robert Jordan's Blog at Dragonmount, dated October 6, 2008]. Dragonmount.com. [2011-11-28]. 
  16. ^ The Wit of the Staircase
  17. ^ Cannon, Peter. CROSSROADS OF TWILIGHT (Book). Publishers Weekly; December 23, 2002, Vol. 249 Issue 51, p.50
  18. ^ Robert Jordan's Official Blog. Dragonmount.com. [2011-11 -28]. 
  19. ^ Forbes article on Jordan's illness. Forbes.com. 2006-11-30 [2011-11-28]. 
  20. ^ TOR Press Release[失效連結]
  21. ^ 1995 Award Winners & Nominees. Worlds Without End. [October 7, 2009]. 
  22. ^ 22.0 22.1 Brandon Sanderson's blog. 
  23. ^ [http://media.us.macmillan.com/video/olmk/catalogs/fall2010/Tor-Fall2010.pdf Tor Fall 2010 Hardcovers and Trade Paperbacks.]. 
  24. ^ [http://www.tor.com/blogs/2012/02/the-release-date-for-a-memory-of-light-has-been-set The Release Date for A Memory of Light Has Been Set]. Tor.com. 2012-02-16 [2012-05-02]. 
  25. ^ Robert Jordan. Sydney Independent Theatre Q&A. Theoryland. 1999-08-30 [2012-04-13]. 
  26. ^ WOT Encyclopaedia
  27. ^ Ernest Lilley. [http://www.theoryland.com/intvmain.php?i=168#11 SFRevu Interview with Robert Jordan]. SFRevu. 2003-01-21 [2012-04-13]. 
  28. ^ Peter Ahlstrom. [http://peterahlstrom.blogspot.com/2008/08/rolling-up-wheel-of-time-panel.html Rolling up the Wheel of Time Panel (WorldCon 2008, Denver)]. 仮. 2008-08-31 [2012-04-13]. 
  29. ^ David Drake. [http://david- drake.com/topic/01-about-me/10-jim-baen/ Jim Baen (obituary)]. david-drake.com. 2006-11-22 [2012-04-13]. 
  30. ^ Rick Kleffel. [http://www.theoryland.com/intvmain.php?i=203#3 Fine Print Interview with Robert Jordan]. Fine Print Audio. 2003-01-20 [2012-04-13]. 
  31. ^ http://linuxmafia.com/waygate/no-haunt/jordan.letter
  32. ^ Tarvalon.net News[失效連結]