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羅斯維爾 (加利福尼亞州)

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Roseville, California
City of Roseville
羅斯維爾市
Roseville's Civic Center.
Roseville's Civic Center.
Roseville, California官方圖章
官方圖章
在普萊瑟郡內的位置
在普萊瑟郡內的位置
經緯度: 38°45′9″N 121°17′22″W / 38.75250°N 121.28944°W / 38.75250; -121.28944坐标38°45′9″N 121°17′22″W / 38.75250°N 121.28944°W / 38.75250; -121.28944
國家  美利堅合眾國
 加利福尼亚州
普萊瑟郡
市府建制 1909年4月10日[1]
政府
 • 类型 議會-經理制[2]
 • 市長 Carol Garcia[2]
 • 州參議員 Jim Nielsen   (R)[3]
 • 州眾議員 Beth Gaines   (R)[3]
 • 聯邦眾議員 Tom McClintock   (R)[4]
面积[5]
 • 总计 36.223 平方英里(93.817 平方公里)
 • 陸地 36.222 平方英里(93.814 平方公里)
 • 水域 0.001 平方英里(0.003 平方公里)  0%
海拔[6] 164 英尺(50 米)
人口April 1, 2010[7]
 • 總計 118,788
 • 估计 (2013)[7] 127,035
 • 排名 1st in Placer County
47th in California
 • 密度 3,300/平方英里(1,300/平方公里)
時區 PacificUTC-8
 • 夏令時 PDTUTC-7
ZIP codes 95678, 95661, 95747
電話區號 916
FIPS code 06-62938
GNIS feature IDs 1659544, 2411000
網站 www.roseville.ca.us
USGS GNIS: 羅斯維爾 (加利福尼亞州)

羅斯維爾 (Roseville),舊名Roseville Junction[6]Junction[8]、及Grider's[8],是美國加利福尼亞州普萊瑟縣人口最多的城市,位於沙加緬度都會區。根據估計羅斯維爾2012年時的人口為12萬6323人[9]加州財政部預計2015年時將達到13萬3680人[10]80號州際公路行經羅斯維爾,65號加州州道行經城市北端。

歷史[编辑]

最初這個群居處為一名為Griders[8]的驛馬車站。根據羅斯維爾歷史協會[11]記載,中央太平洋鐵路於1864年由沙加緬度往東修築鐵路時途經加利福尼亞中央鐵路的一小段路段,於是將交匯處名為「Junction」,之後Junction成為羅斯維爾。1909年,在南太平洋鐵路把它的機廠從羅克林遷往羅斯維爾三年後,羅斯維爾建制成市。伴隨而來的是一段擴張期,超過100棟建築被建造,其中包括當時全世界最大的製冰廠 (Pacific Fruit Express的建物,1913年完工)。

羅斯維爾成為鐵路城有數十年之久,1929年在當地人口僅為6425人時,就有1225人在鐵路公司工作[12]。二次世界大戰初期當地的鐵路調車場為前所未有的繁忙,戰後的建築潮帶來了持續的繁榮。但1950年代為這個城市帶來了根本的變化。

During the 1950s the railroad continued to expand and upgrade, converting its steam engine fleet to all diesel engines by the end of the decade. However, the railroads began falling in the shadow of air travel and the development of the national Interstate Highway System. Thus, although the railroad remained (and still remains) a major employer, the expansion of the City began branching out into other employment sectors. Another important change during this period was the Washington Boulevard (then called Seawell) railroad underpass construction in 1950. While this improved the ability of people to travel from one side of the tracks to the other, it meant that people were no longer traveling through the Roseville business district north of the tracks. The completion of Interstate 80 in 1956 shifted the population from downtown to what would become known as East Roseville. The old downtown area slid into a gradual decline.

The City saw steady population growth throughout the ensuing decades, as shopping centers, major retailers, and homes were constructed throughout the City. The growth rate was modest until 1985. Between 1929 when the population was 6,425 people and 1985, the population grew by only 22,563 people. In 1985 the population stood at 28,988 people. Five years later it was 44,685 people, and by the year 2000 it was 74,234 people. Some of this growth was fueled by the location of major employers, such as Hewlett Packard (in 1979) and NEC (in 1983). The population as of 2014 is 126,956 people.[13]

While the character of Roseville has changed over the years, as the City grew from its small-town beginnings to its status as a major urban city today, it has retained some of its historic beginnings. Roseville is no longer a railroad town, but the Union Pacific Railroad is still the 6th largest employer (see Major Employers section, below). Current visitors can now visit the revitalized historic Vernon Street and old Downtown areas which had been in decline for decades, but were recently rehabilitated (see Revitalization section, below).

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ California Cities by Incorporation Date (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. [August 25, 2014]. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 City Council/Mayor. [December 19, 2014]. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Statewide Database. UC Regents. [November 21, 2014]. 
  4. ^ 該州第 4屆國會選區-代表和選區地圖. Civic Impulse, LLC. [March 3, 2013]. 
  5. ^ 2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California. United States Census Bureau. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Roseville. 美国地质局地理名称信息系统. [March 15, 2015]. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Roseville (city) QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. [March 15, 2015]. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 Durham, David L. California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. 1998: 548. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  9. ^ New York City tops in population; 8 more cities above 1M. 
  10. ^ E-1 City / County Population Estimates with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2008 and 2009. California Department of Finance. [2009-07-12]. 
  11. ^ http://www.rosevillehistorical.org/about.html
  12. ^ https://www.roseville.ca.us/visiting/history_of_roseville/1920s.asp
  13. ^ https://www.roseville.ca.us/ed/demographics/city_demographics/population/default.asp