^Jewish population here is defined as the Enlarged Jewish Population. The Enlarged population includes: (A) Core Population - Those Jews who were either born to Jewish parents or converted to Judaism. (B) Other Persons of Jewish Parentage - Jewish fathers or grandfathers; non-Jews with Jewish backgrounds (C) Respective non-Jewish households members
^Sheskin, Ira M. American Jews//In McKee, Jesse O. Ethnicity in Contemporary America: A Geographical Appraisal. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. 2000. 227. ISBN0-7425-0034-9. "[The 1990 National Jewish Population Survey] showed that only 5% of American Jews consider being Jewish solely in terms of being a member of a religious group. Thus, the vast majority of American Jews view themselves as members of an ethnic group and/or a cultural group, and/or a nationality."
^US Census Bureau Statistical Abstract 2009, Table 74. For persons 18 years or older, based on the Religious Landscape Survey, a survey conducted in the summer of 2007. (The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, Washington, DC, ‘‘U.S. Religious Landscape Survey’’; released February 2008.), census.org
^US Census Bureau, USA Statistics in Brief—Population by Sex and Age, 2007. [失效連結]
^US Census Bureau Statistical Abstract 2009, Table 76, Christian Church Adherents, 2000, and Jewish Population, 2008— States. The Jewish population includes Jews who define themselves as Jewish by religion as well as those who define themselves as Jewish in cultural terms. Data on Jewish population are based primarily on a compilation of individual estimates made by local Jewish federations (as reported in the American Jewish Yearbook). census.gov
^Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 2008, Table 2.2. cbs.gov.il