美国犹太人

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美国犹太人
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總人口

核心犹太人口:
5,425,000 (2012年)[1][2]
扩大的犹太人口 (含犹太人的非犹太裔亲属)
6,721,680 (2012年)

[3][4][5][6][7][8]
分佈地區
纽约洛杉矶费城休斯顿芝加哥
語言
英语 · 俄语 · 希伯来语 · 意地绪语
宗教信仰
犹太教

美国犹太人为具有犹太信仰犹太血统美国人[9]目前美国的犹太人主要为阿什肯纳兹犹太人的后裔,其他少数犹太族群,如塞法迪犹太人米兹拉希犹太人及转变信仰为犹太教者亦为美国犹太人的一部分。美国犹太人族群通常保持着犹太裔的文化传统,并遵守犹太教的戒律。

根据宗教统计原则的差异或人口移动的因素,美国是世界犹太族群第一大(或因统计准则差异为第二大)犹太聚集地区。美国信仰犹太教的人口约为5,128,000,占2007年美国人口的1.7%。[10][11]若考虑在文化上认同犹太文化但不一定信仰犹太教的人数,美国犹太人的人数为6,489,000,占2008年统计人数的2.2%。[12]与之相比,以色列国中央统计局宣布的国内犹太人口总数在2009年为5,664,000,占以色列人口的75.4%。[13]

分布[编辑]

2000年犹太裔人口分布百分率
主要犹太裔分布城市
世界犹太人大会排名[14] 宗教数据协会档案排名[15] 都市区 犹太人数量(世界犹太人大会) 犹太人数量(ASARB)
1 1 紐約都會區 1,750,000 2,028,200
2 3 迈阿密 535,000 337,000
3 2 大洛杉矶地区 490,000 662,450
4 4 费城 254,000 285,950
5 6 芝加哥 248,000 265,400
6 8 舊金山灣區 210,000 218,700
7 7 大波士顿 208,000 261,100
8 5 巴尔的摩-华盛顿 165,000 276,445

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Jewish Population in the United States * (1654 - 2012). Jewish Virtual Library. [2013-04-25]. 
  2. ^ Aaron Kalman. Global Jewish population grows by 88,000 over past year. Times of Israel. September 9, 2012 [2013-04-25]. 
  3. ^ Jewish population here is defined as the Enlarged Jewish Population. The Enlarged population includes: (A) Core Population - Those Jews who were either born to Jewish parents or converted to Judaism. (B) Other Persons of Jewish Parentage - Jewish fathers or grandfathers; non-Jews with Jewish backgrounds (C) Respective non-Jewish households members
  4. ^ Jewish Population in the United States, 2012. Jewish Data Bank. 23. [2013-04-25]. 
  5. ^ Naomi Zeveloff. U.S. Jewish Population Pegged at 6 Million. Forward. January 17, 2012 [February 05, 2013]. 
  6. ^ American Jewish Year Book 2012 - Google Books
  7. ^ US Jewish Population is Anywhere Between 5.425 Million and 6.722 Million - Gestetner Updates | Gestetner Updates
  8. ^ Unity of Nobility - News for White Europeans » Israel says 6.722 million Jews in America, they love 6,000,000
  9. ^ Sheskin, Ira M. American Jews//In McKee, Jesse O. Ethnicity in Contemporary America: A Geographical Appraisal. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. 2000. 227. ISBN 0-7425-0034-9. "[The 1990 National Jewish Population Survey] showed that only 5% of American Jews consider being Jewish solely in terms of being a member of a religious group. Thus, the vast majority of American Jews view themselves as members of an ethnic group and/or a cultural group, and/or a nationality." 
  10. ^ US Census Bureau Statistical Abstract 2009, Table 74. For persons 18 years or older, based on the Religious Landscape Survey, a survey conducted in the summer of 2007. (The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, Washington, DC, ‘‘U.S. Religious Landscape Survey’’; released February 2008.), census.org
  11. ^ US Census Bureau, USA Statistics in Brief—Population by Sex and Age, 2007. [1][失效連結]
  12. ^ US Census Bureau Statistical Abstract 2009, Table 76, Christian Church Adherents, 2000, and Jewish Population, 2008— States. The Jewish population includes Jews who define themselves as Jewish by religion as well as those who define themselves as Jewish in cultural terms. Data on Jewish population are based primarily on a compilation of individual estimates made by local Jewish federations (as reported in the American Jewish Yearbook). census.gov
  13. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 2008, Table 2.2. cbs.gov.il
  14. ^ 引用错误:无效<ref>标签;未为name属性为metroareas的引用提供文字
  15. ^ Judaism (estimated) Metro Areas (2000). The Association of Religion Data Archives. [December 1, 2009](原始内容存档于November 23, 2009). 

参见[编辑]