美國大學理事會（College Board）是成立於1900年的一個美國會員制協會，即大學入學考試委員會（College Entrance Examination Board，CEEB），由5900多所學校、大專院校和其他教育機構組成。它提供的標準化考試被高等教育機構用來測試學生的學術能力。總部位於紐約曼哈頓上西城。前西弗吉尼亞州州長加斯頓·卡珀頓，自1999年起擔任美國大學理事會主席。
SAT 和 SAT 学科考试[编辑]
The SAT is administered by College Board in the United States and is developed, published, and scored by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). The SAT covers writing, reading, and mathematics. SAT scores range from 600 to 2400, with each of the three sections worth up to 800 points. Most students take the test during their junior or senior year of high school. In the marketplace, the SAT competes with the ACT, another standardized college admissions test.
The SAT Subject Tests are intended to measure student performance in specific areas, such as mathematics, science, and history.
On March 5, 2014, College Board announced that a redesigned version of the SAT would be administered for the first time in 2016. The exam will revert to the 1600-point scale, the essay will be optional, and students will have three hours to take the exam plus 50 additional minutes to complete the essay.
The PSAT/NMSQT is a fee-based standardized test that provides firsthand practice for the SAT. It also functions as a qualifying test for the National Merit Scholarship Corporation's scholarship programs.
The College Board's Advanced Placement Program is an extensive program that offers high school students the chance to participate in what College Board describes as college-level classes for a fee, reportedly broadening students' intellectual horizons and preparing them for college work. It also plays a large part in the college admissions process, showing students' intellectual capacity and genuine interest in learning. The program allows many students to gain college credit for high performance on the AP exams, much in the same manner as the CLEP. Granting credit, however, is at the discretion of the college. There are 2,900 colleges that grant credit and/or advanced standing.[來源請求] Critics of the Advanced Placement Program charge that courses and exams emphasize breadth of content coverage instead of depth.[來源請求]
College Level Examination Program[编辑]
The College Level Examination Program (CLEP) provides students of any age with the opportunity to demonstrate college-level achievement through a program of exams in undergraduate college courses.
The College Board's Accuplacer test is a computer-based placement test that assesses reading, writing and math skills. The Accuplacer test includes reading comprehension, sentence skills, arithmetic, elementary algebra, college-level mathematics and the writing test, Writeplacer. The Accuplacer test is used primarily by more than 1,000 high schools and colleges to determine a student's needed placement. Often community colleges have specific guidelines for students requiring the Accuplacer test. The Accuplacer Companion paper-and-pencil tests allows for students with disabilities to take the test through its braille, large print and audio tests. The biggest benefit of the Accuplacer and Accuplacer Companion tests are their ability to be scored immediately through an online scoring system and taken in remote locations. While there are normally no fees for taking the test, some institutions may charge a fee to retake the test. Note that if a testing institution is not local, an examinee may be required to arrange a proctor for the test. If so, a local library may be willing to serve as proctor as there are not many other options for individuals in this case. Most schools will only test their own admissions candidates.
SpringBoard is a pre-Advanced Placement program created by College Board to prepare students who intend to take AP courses or college-level courses in their scholastic career. Based on Wiggins and McTighe's "Understanding by Design" model, the SpringBoard program attempts to map knowledge into scholastic skill sets in preparation for Advanced Placement testing and college success. Units of instruction are titrated to students within and across all school grades, providing a vertically articulated curriculum framework that scaffolds learning skills and subject test knowledge. Implicit in the course curriculum, the program embeds pre-AP and AP teaching and learning strategies across grade school levels and classwork.
The curriculum is applicable to grades 6 through 12. Teachers are provided with formative assessments, professional training, and a variety of teaching tools to track student progress. The instructional framework is integrated in the curriculum content and subject materials. SpringBoard also provides other Web 2.0 resources aimed at making the program more community oriented.
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- ^ College Board History. College Board. [2012-04-02].
- ^ Who We Serve. College Board. [2012-04-02].
- ^ "Contact Us." College Board. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
- ^ Our Leadership. College Board. [2012-04-02].
- ^ New Investment Broadens College Board's National Education Reform Efforts to Ensure More Students Graduate Ready for College and Work. 2006-08-31 [2006-11-18].
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- ^ Lewin, Tamar. A New SAT Aims to Realign With Schoolwork. The New York Times. 5 March 2014 [14 May 2014].
- ^ Accuplacer at College Board
- ^ Placement Testing at Monroe Community College