|Barack Obama, Sr.|
- ^ The Standard, November 14, 2008: Obama’s dad and his many loves
- ^ Obama, Barack. My Spiritual Journey. TIME. [2008-09-26]. "My father was almost entirely absent from my childhood, having been divorced from my mother when I was 2 years old; in any event, although my father had been raised a Muslim, by the time he met my mother he was a confirmed atheist, thinking religion to be so much superstition."
- ^ Scott Fornek; Greg Good, et al.. The Obama Family Tree. The Chicago Sun Times. 9 September 2007. 已忽略未知参数
- ^ Rob Crilly. Life is Good in My Nairobi Slum, Says Barack Obama's Younger Brother. The Times. 22 August 2008 [2008-09-26].
- ^ Mike Pflanz. Barack Obama is My Inspiration, Says Lost Brother. The Daily Telegraph. 21 August 2008 [2008-09-26].