肺炎支原體

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肺炎支原體
科學分類
界: 細菌
門: 厚壁菌門
綱: 柔膜菌綱
目: 支原體目
科: 支原體科
屬: 支原體屬
種: 肺炎支原體
二名法
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Somerson et al., 1963

肺炎支原體Mycoplasma pneumoniae、黴漿菌性肺炎)是一種可導致肺炎支原體細菌,也有機會導致冷凝集素症(cold agglutinin disease)。這種由肺炎支原體引起的肺炎,又稱作黴漿菌性肺炎

大多數患者只有輕微上呼吸道感染,有咳嗽發燒喉嚨痛頭痛疲倦等徵狀,但嚴重者則可能患上肺炎,屬於非典型肺炎的一種。

由於黴漿菌性肺炎不能用一般的肺炎藥來醫治,所以即使兒童感染了黴漿菌性肺炎,也只能用原來用於醫治成人肺炎的強效藥物來醫治。

參考資料[编辑]

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Baseman J. B. Interplay between Mycoplasma Surface Proteins, Airway Cells, and the Protean Manifestations of Mycoplasma-mediated Human Infections. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 1996, 154: 137–144. doi:10.1164/ajrccm/154.4_Pt_2.S137. 
  • Razin S., Yogev D., Naot Y. Molecular biology and pathogenicity of mycoplasmas. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 1998, 62 (4): 1094–156. PMID 9841667. 
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  • Narita M. Pathogenesis of neurologic manifestations of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. Pediatr Neurol. 2009, 41 (3): 159–166. doi:10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2009.04.012. PMID 19664529. 
  • Ferwerda A., Moll H. A., de Groot R. Respiratory tract infections by Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children: a review of diagnostic and therapeutic measures. Eur J Pediatr. 2001, 160 (8): 483–491. PMID 11548186. 
  • Esposito S., Droghetti R., Bosis S., Claut L. Marchisio P., Principi N. Cytokine secretion in children with acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and wheeze. Pediatric Pulmonology. 2002, 34 (2): 122–127. doi:10.1002/ppul.10139. 
  • Ríos A. M., Mejías A., Chávez-Bueno S., Fonseca-Aten M., Katz K., Hatfield J., Gómez A. M., Jafri H. S., McCracken G. H., Ramilo O., Hardy R. D. Impact of Cethromycin (ABT-773) Therapy on Microbiological, Histologic, Immunologic, and Respiratory Indices in a Murine Model of Mycoplasma pneumoniae Lower Respiratory Infection. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004, 48 (8): 2897–2904. doi:10.1128/AAC.48.8.2897-2904.2004. 

外部鏈接[编辑]